跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.172.223.251) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/16 23:38
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:孫英哲
研究生(外文):Ying-che Sun
論文名稱:漂泊中的清明:奈波爾小說中對後殖民身分認同的再定位
論文名稱(外文):Exotopy in Exile: Toward the Relocation of Post-colonial Identity in V. S. Naipaul's Novels
指導教授:莊坤良莊坤良引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kunliang Chuang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:英語研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:放逐者歷史民族本質主義殖民式模擬身分認同空間性
外文關鍵詞:exilehistoryessentialismcolonial mimicryidentityspatiality
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:500
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:106
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
論文摘要
奈波爾,出身於加勒比海千里達,是位選擇自我放逐的旅英印度裔作家,有著典型的多重身份及國族認同的問題。因此在他的作品中,常以宏觀的角度探討文化問題,拒絕定於一格,限於一地。本論文試圖從奈波爾的兩本小說「身在自由邦」及「大河灣」中的人物,在身處異鄉的情況下,所遭遇的種種難題切入,來審視後殖民時期無可避免的人種混雜及文化調適的課題。並藉由開放空間的思維以及對民族國家意識型態的解構,來為身處後殖民亂象中的身份認同,重新找尋定位。
第一章對於奈波爾的文化地理背景做一簡單的介紹,並從奈波爾的例子中清楚闡釋本體論中根深蒂固“家”的觀念,在這後殖民混種雜糅及遷徙流離的時代背景下已不復追尋。
第二章以放逐者的角度檢視奈波爾的寫作歷程。藉由身處局外的視界,奈波爾克服敘事盲點,還原事實真相。這一章並同時舉「身在自由邦」的故事為例,在僵化的歷史包袱下,人們如何淪為後殖民解放後「自由」的犧牲者。
第三章透過奈波爾的放逐視界來批判在「大河灣」中第三世界好高騖遠的東施效顰和針對殖民主義衍生的反論述─民族本質主義,以及它們對人民的荼毒殘害。由此作者清楚指出,現今第三世界所面臨的困境乃在於這兩個相牴觸的意識型態中進退失據,進而導致亂象叢生,人民幾無寧日。
第四章主張後殖民時代中「歷史論述」已變為意識型態角力場,尤有甚者,歷史已變為打壓異己,殘民以逞的手段。人們再也無法藉由“追本溯源”來找尋個人的身份認同。「世事本如斯」,歷史本是一個不可逆的過程。任何回歸靜態歷史根源的企圖都將歸於徒勞。因此作者主張應摒棄時間性歷史對身份認同的羈絆,藉由開放的空間性來將其重新定位。
第五章總結奈波爾秉持「文學為歷史服務」的信念,以灼灼目光來觀照第三世界芸芸眾生的苦難,並藉由如椽巨筆,對後殖民時期亂象提出針砭之見。他主張與其緊抓已被意識型態所僭奪且不切實際的虛構歷史,不如跳脫僵化窠臼,在自由開放的空間內,藉由衝擊激盪的文化融合,來為下一個世代找尋新的契機。同時,在雲遊苦行僧的寫作過程中,奈波爾終能將憤怒昇華為關懷,藉此找到了自我,找到了安身立命的所在。
Abstract
Being a Trinidadian with Indian ancestry, V. S. Naipaul adopts a career of exile writer to England. His multiracial and hybridized background is reflected in the themes of his works: deracination, homelessness, and displacement. My attention in this thesis is to study V. S. Naipaul’s two novels In a Free State and A Bend in the River from an exile perspective. And by the study of the dialectics between identity and spatiality, I try to make a significant contribution to the relocation of post-colonial identity.
Chapter I is a brief survey of V. S. Naipaul’s cultural and racial heritages. From his example, I note that in this hybridized and migratory era, the ontological static “Home” is no longer existent or traceable.
Chapter II is a testifying of V. S. Naipaul’s authenticity of his exile writing. I argue that from his “outsider” vision, V. S. Naipaul is privileged to see the aspects which those inside are blind to, and further penetrate the pretenses to the heart of matters. The issue of “casualty of freedom,” how people fall prey to the post-colonial insecurity, is also brought forward by the discussion of three stories in In a Free State.
Chapter III shows Africa’s quagmire of being trapped in the dilemma between essentialism and colonial mimicry. Being vividly delineated in A Bend in the River, the shallowness and uncertainty have cast the Third World countries and their people into a devastating circle.
Chapter IV is a diagnosis about the impropriety of traditional application of temporality to identity. First, through the deconstruction of rigid race and nation discourse, I try to release post-colonial identity from the fetters which ideologized history has endowed and further redefine it more liberally. Second, I further argue that to achieve a meaningful relocation of post-colonial identity, one has to reconsider identity from the perspective of space, rather than that of time.
Chapter V is an affirmation of the literary achievement of V. S. Naipaul, who insists on unveiling wretched situations in the Third World, and meanwhile incessantly offering heartfelt concerns for those sufferings. He urges people to wake up from the myth of history and discard the hindering ideology. Only through the relocation of post-colonial identity can they find a better chance for next generation. At the same time, by devoting himself in the process of writing, V. S. Naipaul can eventually find a harbor to rest his agitated soul, after so many perturbing journeys on furious seas.

Table of Contents
ChapterI. Introduction1...................................1
A.Multiple Heritage and Caribbean Rootlessness...........2
B.The Impossible Homecoming..............................9
ChapterⅡ. The Tradition of Exile and the Post-colonial Perspective of Exile......................................16
A.The Privilege and limit of Exile.......................21
1.Exile Vision of Naipaul...............................23
2.Political (In)correctness.............................24
B.The Casualties of Freedom..............................29
1.From Periphery to Center..............................32
2.From Center to Periphery..............................38
ChapterIII. The Caught Post-colonial Past and Present.....45
A.Appropriation and Disruption of African History........49
1.The Colonial Expropriation of African History.........50
2.The Rift of Historical Consciousness..................52
B.The Dilemma Between Essentialism and Mimicry...........55
1.Strategic or Tragic Essentialism?.....................56
2.Colonial Mimicry......................................58
3."Program of Disorder” and Escape.....................64
ChapterIV. The (Dis)location of Post-colonial Identity....73
A.De-naturing “Race” and Nation........................74
B.Trampling the Past: Spatiality vs. Temporality.........82
1.“Trampling the Garden”..............................83
2.Root or Route?........................................87
ChapterV. Conclusion......................................93
A.The Peripatectic Observer and Modern Philosopher.......93
B.Amid the Whaleless World...............................97
Bibliography.............................................102

Bibliography
Ahmad, Aijaz. In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures. London and New York: Verso, 1992.
Aldrich, Robert. “From Francité to Créolité: French West Indian Literature Comes Home.” King, Connell, and White 101-24.
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London and New York: Verso, 1993.
Armah, Ayi Kwei. The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born. Oxford: Heinemann, 1969.
Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikhailovich. The Dialogic Imagination. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981.
Benjamin, Walter. Illuminations: Essays and Reflections. Trans. Hannah Arendt. New York: Schocken Books, 1969.
Belitt, Ben. “The Heraldry of Accommodation: A House For Mr. Naipaul.” Salmagundi 54 (1981): 23-42.
Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. London and New York: 1994.
---. “On the Irremovable Strangeness of Being Different.” PMLA 113 (1998): 34-9.
Boxill, Anthony. V. S. Naipaul’s Fiction: In Quest of the Enemy. New Brunswick: York Press, 1983.
Boyers, Robert. “Confronting the Present.” Salmagundi 54 (1981): 77-97.
Camus, Albert. The Myth of Sisyphus. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1946.
Célestin, Roger. From Cannibals to Radicals. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.
Chakrabarty, Dipesh. “Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for ‘Indian’ Past?” Mongia 223-247.
Chambers, Ian. Migrancy, Culture, Identity. London and New York: Routledge, 1994.
Clifford, James. The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth —Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988.
Conrod, Joseph. Heart of Darkness and Other Tales. Ed. Cedric Watts. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Darby, Phillip. The Fiction of Imperialism: Reading Between International Relations and Postcolonialism. London and Washington: Cassell, 1998.
Deleuze, Gills and Felix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Trans. Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987.
Eco, Umberto. The Island of the Days Before. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1995.
Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. Trans. Charles Lam Markmann. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1967.
---. The Wretched of the Earth. Trans. Constance Farrington. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1963.
Fu, Chun. “The Heritage of the Present: V. S. Naipaul and Globalization.” http://www.gradnet.de/pomo2.archives/pomo2.papers/fu00.htm
Garber, Marjorie. Shakespeare’s Ghost Writers: Literature as Uncanny Causality. London and New York: Methuen, 1987.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr, ed. “Race,” Writing and Difference. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago, 1986.
Gellner, Ernest. Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983.
Glissant, Edouard. Poétique de la Relation. Paris: Gallimand, 1990.
Goodheart, Eugene. “Naipaul and the Voice of Negation.” Salmagundi 54 (1981): 44-58.
---. “V. S. Naipaul’s Mandarin Sensibility.” Partisian Review 50:2 (1983): 244-56.
Gordon, Rohlehr. “Talking About Naipaul.” Carib 2 (1981): 53-62.
Gurr, Andrew. “The Freedom of Exile in Naipaul and Doris Lessing.” Ariel 13 (1982): 7-18.
---. Writers in Exile: The Identity of Home in Modern Literature. Sussex: The Harvester Press, 1981.
Hall, Stuart. “Cultural Identity and Diaspora.” Mongia 110-121.
Harris, Wilson. The Womb of Space: The Cross-Cultural Imagination. Westport: Greenwood, 1983.
Heidegger, Martin. Basic Writings. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
Hesse, Barnor. “Black to Front and Black Again: Racialization through contested times and spaces.” Michael Keith and Steve Pile 162-182.
hooks, bell. Yearnings: Race, Gender, and Cultural Politics. Boston: South End Press, 1990.
Huggan, Graham. “V. S. Naipaul and the Political Correctness Debate.” College Literature 21 (1994): 200-06.
Hughes, Peter. “Tropics of Candor: V. S. Naipaul.” Contemporary Literature 38 (1997): 205-12.
Jameson, Fedric. Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. London: Verso, 1991.
JanMohamed, Abdul R. “The Economy of Manichean Allegory: The Function of Racial Difference in Colonial Literature.” Gates 78-161.
Joshi, Chandra B. V. S. Naipaul: The Voice of Exile. New Delhi: Sterling , 1994.
Joyce, James. Ulysses. New York: Modern Library, 1992.
Jussawalla, Feroza, ed. Conversations with V. S. Naipaul. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1997.
Keith, Michael, and Steve Pile, eds. Place and the Politics of Identity. London and New York: Routledge, 1993.
King, Russell, John Connel, and Paul White, eds. Writing Across Worlds: Literature and Migration. London and New York: Routledge, 1995.
Kramer, Jane. “From the Third World,” New York Times Book Review 13 April. 1980, 11.
Lamming, George. The Pleasures of Exile. London: Michael Joseph, 1960.
Langran, Philips. “V. S. Naipaul: A Question of Detachment.” The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 25 (1990): 132-41.
Lavie, Smadar and Ted Swedengurg, eds. Displacement, Diaspora, and Geography of Identity. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1996.
Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/Postcolonialism. London and New York: Routledge, 1998.
Lukacs, Georg. The Theory of Novel. Trans. Anna Bostock. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1978.
Marechera, Dambudzo. The Black Insider. Ed. Flora Veit-Wild. Harare: Baobab Books, 1990.
Marzorati, Gerald. “Salman Rushdie: Fiction’s embattled infidel.” Parade June (1987).
McClintock, Anne, Aamir Mufti, and Ella Shohat. Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation, and Postcolonial Perspectives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
McSweeney, Kerry. Four Contemporary Novelists. Kinston and Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1983.
Memmi, Albert. The Colonizer and the Colonized. Boston: Beacon Press, 1965.
Mongia, Padmini. Contemporary Postcolonial Theory. London and New York: Arnold, 1996.
Moore-Gilbert, Bart, Gareth Stanton, and Willy Malet. Postcolonial Criticism. London and New York: Longman, 1997.
Mustafa, Fawzia. V. S. Naipaul. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995
Naipaul, Vidiadhar Surajprasad. Among the Believers: An Islamic Journey. 1981. New York: Vintage, 1982.
---. An Area of Darkness. 1964. Harmondsworth: Penguin 1970.
---. A Bend in the River. 1979. New York: Modern Library, 1997.
---. Interview. “A Conversation with V. S. Naipaul.” By Mukherjee, Bharati and Robert Boyers. Jussawalla 75-92.
---. The Enigma of Arrival. 1987. New York: Vintage, 1988.
---. Finding the Centre: Two Narratives. 1984. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985.
---. Guerillas. 1975. New York: Vintage, 1990.
---. Interview. “Fame, A Short-Lived Cycle, Says Vidia.” By Roach, Eric. Jussawalla 37-38.
---. A House for Mr. Biswas. 1961. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992.
---. In a Free State. 1971. New York: Vintage, 1984.
---. India: A Wounded Civilization. 1977. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1979.
---. Interview. “An Interview with V. S. Naipaul.” By Behr, Edward. Newsweek, 18 August 1980.
---. “An Island Betrayed.” Essays for the ‘80’s. Ed. William Vesterman. New York: Random House, 1987. 173-197.
---. Interview. “Life, Literature, and Politics: An Interview with V. S. Naipaul.” By Medwick, Cathleen. Jussawalla 57-62.
---. The Loss of El Dorado. 1969. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1982.
---. Interview. “Meeting V. S. Naipaul.” By Hardwick, Elizabeth. Jusaawalla 45-49.
---. The Middle Passage. 1962. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969.
---. Miguel Street. 1958. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971.
---. The Mimic Man. 1967. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1983.
---. “A New King for the Congo.” The New York Review of Books 26 June. 1975, 19-25.
---. “On Being a Writer.” The New York Review of Books 23 April. 1987.
---. The Overcrowded Barracoon and Other Articles. 1972. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976.
---. The Return of Eva Peron with the Killings in Trinidad. 1980. New York: Vintage, 1981.
---. Interview. “The Ultimate Exile.” By Schiff, Stephen. Jussawalla 135-153.
---. Interview. “The Unsparing Vision of V. S. Naipaul.” By Winokur, Scott. Jussawalla 114-129.
---. “V. S. Naipaul: A Transition Interview.” By Rowe-Evans. Jussawalla 24-36.
---. Interview. “V. S. Naipaul’s Way in the World.” By Tejpal, Tarun J. http://www.randomhouse.com/ atrandom/vsnaipaul/
---. Interview. “Without a Place: V. S. Naipaul in Conversation with Ian Hamilton.” By Hamilton, Ian. Jussawalla, 14-21.
---. A Way in the World. 1994. New York: Vintage, 1995.
Neil, Michael. “Guerrilla and Gangs: Frantz Fanon and V. S. Naipaul.” Ariel 13 (1982): 21-62.
Niven, Alastair. “Crossing the Black Waters: Nirad C. Chaudhuri’s A Passage to England and V. S. Naipaul’s An Area of Darkness.” Ariel 9 (1978): 21-36.
Nixon, Rob. London Calling: V. S. Naipaul, Postcolonial Mandarin. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
O’Brien, Conor Cruise, Edward Said, and John Lukacs. “The Intellectual in the Post-Colonial World: Response and Discussion.” Salmagundi 70-71 (1986): 65-81.
Padhi, Bibhu. “Naipaul on Naipaul and the Novel.” Modern Fiction Studies 30 (1984): 455-65.
Parry, Benita. “Resistance Theory/Theorising Resistance or Two Cheers for Nativism.” Mongia 84-109.
Prescott, Linda. “Past and Present Darkness: Sources of V. S. Naipaul’s A Bend in the River.” Modern Fiction Studies 30 (1984): 547-59.
Ramadevi, N. The Novels of V. S. Naipaul: Quest for Order and Identity. New Dehli: Prestige, 1996.
Rao, K.I. Madhusudana. Contrary Awareness: A Critical Study of V. S. Naipaul’s Novels. Guntur: Sarathi, 1982.
Roxanne, Doty. “Sovereignty and National Identity: Constructing the Nation”, unpulished paper, 1993, 40.
Rushdie, Salman. Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981-1991. London: Granta Books, 1991.
---. Midnight’s Children. New York: Vintage, 1995.
---. Shame. New York: Vintage, 1995.
Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage, 1994.
---. “Intellectuals in the Post-Colonial World.” Salmagundi 70-71 (1986): 44-64.
---. “Mind of Writer: Reflections on Life in Exile.” Harper’s (September 1984), 54.
---. “Opponents, audience, constituencies and community.” The Anti-Aesthetic: Essays on Postmodern Culture. Ed. Hal. Foster. London: Pluto, 1983. 135-159.
---. Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. London : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978. Penguin, 1995.
Simpson, Louis. “Disorder and Escape in the Fiction of V. S. Naipaul.” Hudson Review 37 (1984): 571-577.
Singh, H. B. “V. S. Naipaul: A Spokesman for Neo-Colonialism,” Literature and Ideology 2 (1969): 85.
Soyinka, Wole. Myth, Literature, and the African World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.
Theroux, Paul. “V. S. Naipaul.” Modern Fiction Studies 30 (1984): 445-54.
---. “V. S. Naipaul. An Introduction to His Work.” New York: Africana Publishing Co-op, 1972.
Todorov, Tzvetan. “‘Race,’ Writing, and Culture.” Gates 370-380.
Weiss, Timothy F. “V. S. Naipaul’s ‘Fin de Siècle’: The Enigma of Arrival and A Way in the World.” Ariel 27 (1996): 107-24.
---. On the Margins: The Art of Exile in V. S. Naipaul. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1992.
Wirth-Nesher, Hana. “The Curse of Marginality: Colonialism in Naipaul’s Guerrilla.” Modern Fiction Studies 30 (1984): 531-45.
Wise, Christopher. “The Garden Trampled: or, The Liquidation of African Culture in V. S. Naipaul’s A Bend in the River.” College Literature 23 (1996): 58-72.
Woodward, Kathryn, ed. Identity and Difference. London: Sage, 1997.
Zuidevaart, Lambert. Adorno’s Aesthetic Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊