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研究生:鄭胥德
研究生(外文):Hsu-Te Johnny Cheng
論文名稱:論量化詞範域之歧異性
論文名稱(外文):On Scope Ambiguities of Quantifiers
指導教授:丁仁丁仁引用關係蔡維天蔡維天引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen TingWei-Tien Dylan Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:英語研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:句法學範域歧異性量化詞微言主義
外文關鍵詞:syntaxscopeambiguitiesquantifiersminimalism
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在此論文中,我們檢驗了兩量化詞之間以及量化詞與疑問詞組之間的範域歧義性。在第一章裡,我們介紹一些支持邏輯型式這個層次的論點,以及一些量化詞範域歧義性的基本觀念。在第二章裡,我們複習之前與此主題相關的一些重要作品,並指出它們在理論上及實證上的一些缺失。在此論文的主體-第三章裡,我們為「廣範域」下了一個定義並辨別一些可能的語義。根據我們的定義和對語義的分類,我們顯示漢語及英語的主動句在範域上皆無歧義性。接著我們將此理論應用在不同的動詞種類及不同的句子結構裡。在第四章我們甚至在不同的語言中驗證此理論。結果顯示在不同的結構及不同的語言中我們的理論皆能行得通。在第五章裡我們提供了對主要宣稱的摘要,及對未來研究領域的建議。

In this thesis, we examine the scope ambiguities between two quantifiers as well as those between a quantifier and a wh-phrase. Modifying the definition of Szabolcsi (2001), we propose a conjunctive definition of scope. The definition consists of a syntactic as well as a semantic requirement. In chapter one, we introduce some arguments for the LF level and some basic ideas of scope ambiguities of quantifiers. In chapter two, we review several important works on the related topic and point out some of their theoretical as well as empirical disadvantages. In chapter three, the main body of the thesis, we give a definition of “wide scope” and specify some of the possible readings. Then we show that, under our definition and classification of the readings, active sentences in Chinese and English are both scopally unambiguous. We then examine our theory in sentences containing different verb forms and in different constructions. We even test the theory in different languages in chapter four. The results show that our theory is indeed workable in these constructions and languages. A summary of the main claims and a suggestion for areas of further research are provided in chapter five.

Table of Contents
Abstract...............................i
摘要................................ii
Acknowledgements..........................iii
Table of Contents. ..........................v
Chatper 1 Introduction ............... ....... ..1
1.0 Overview ......................... ..1
1.1 Purpose ............................1
1.2 Introduction of the LF Component .......... .......2
1.3 Introduction of Quantifier Ambiguities ................9
1.4 Introduction of the Minimalist Program ...............13
1.5 Arrangement of the Thesis ....................16
Chapter 2 Literature Review ......................18
2.0 Introduction ..........................18
2.1 May (1977, 1985) ........... ............18
2.1.1 Review of May .......................18
2.1.2 Critique of May ....... ...............21
2.2 Aoun and Li (1993) .......................23
2.2.1 Review of Aoun and Li .............. .....23
2.2.2 Critique of Aoun and Li .............. .....31
2.3 Hornstein (1995) ........................33
2.3.1 Review of Hornstein .....................33
2.3.2 Critique of Hornstein .... ................36
2.4 Beghelli and Stowell (1997) ..... ..............38
2.4.1 Review of Beghelli and Stowell ... .............38
2.4.2 Critique of Beghelli and Stowell ................40
Chapter 3 Analysis of Scope Ambiguities .................42
3.0 Introduction ..........................42
3.1 Definition and Classification ...................43
3.2 Main Claim ..........................45
3.3 Analysis and Discussion .....................46
3.4 Further Evidence ........................57
3.4.1 The Island-Free Effect of Indefinite NPs .............57
3.4.2 Playing Around the Logic ............ ......59
3.4.3 How Many Papers Can You Correct in Three Hours ...... ..61
3.5 A Short Conclusion .......................63
Chapter 4 Further Discussions .....................64
4.0 Introduction ..........................64
4.1 A Cross-Linguistic Comparison ..................64
4.1.1 Transitive Verbs ... ...................65
4.1.2 (Unergative) Intransitive Verbs .. ..............66
4.1.3 Unaccusative Verbs .....................68
4.2 Passive Constructions ......................70
4.3 Psych-Verb Constructions .. ..................74
4.4 A Short Conclusion .......................75
Chapter 5 Conclusion ... .....................76
5.0 Introduction ..........................76
5.1 Summary And Implications ....................76
5.2 Problems and Further Research ..................78
Bibliography.... ........................80

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