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研究生:梁祐銘
研究生(外文):Liang Yu Ming
論文名稱:車載型攝影機之影像穩定化
論文名稱(外文):Image stabilization for a camera mounted on a moving vehicle
指導教授:陳世旺陳世旺引用關係廖弘源廖弘源引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:資訊教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:影像穩定化道路標線的偵測攝影機運動的估測運動的平滑化消逝點
外文關鍵詞:image stabilizationlane marking detectioncamera motion estimationmotion smoothingvanishing point
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  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本論文針對車載型攝影機之應用,提出影像穩定化(image stabilization)的技術,主要目的在於補償架設於車上之攝影器材因晃動而造成不穩定的影像序列。在影像穩定化過程中,可以分成三步驟:道路標線的偵測(lane marking detection),攝影機運動的估測(camera motion estimation)及運動的平滑化(motion smoothing)。首先從輸入影像中偵測出兩條道路標線與消逝點(vanishing point)。接著利用兩條道路標線與消逝點來估測攝影機的運動參數,如此不但可以避免一般方法所遇到特徵點擷取與像點對應比對的問題,同時所得到的道路資訊也可用於後續之處理工作。接下來我們再利用運動平滑化來消除不要之攝影機運動以修正影像序列,使其顯得穩定。我們以模擬影像及真實影像來驗証所提出的方法。
The paper presents an image stabilization technique to stabilize the image sequences taken from a camera mounted on a moving vehicle. The proposed technique includes three steps: lane marking detection, camera motion estimation, and motion smoothing. First, we detect two lane markings and the vanishing point from the input image. These two lane markings and the vanishing point are used to calculate the values of the camera motion parameters. The proposed motion estimation can avoid the issues on the feature point extraction and the corresponding matching, and the obtained road information can be applied to the further work. Finally, the motion smoothing is used to separate smooth and non-smooth motion, and then the stabilized image sequences can be obtained. Experimental results for all steps using simulated or real images are presented.
第一章 緒論
1.1. 研究動機及重要性
1.2. 相關研究
1.2.1. 影像間運動之偵測
1.2.1.1 運動之估算
1.2.1.2 運動模組
1.2.2. 運動平滑化
1.3. 論文的結構
第二章 影像穩定化系統
2.1. 道路標線偵測
2.2. 攝影機運動的估測
2.3. 運動平滑化
第三章 道路標線偵測
3.1. 道路標線特徵的擷取
3.2. 雜訊的去除
3.3. 標線中點的擷取
3.4. Straight line fitting
第四章 攝影機運動分析
4.1. 攝影機的位移與旋轉
4.1.1. 攝影機的位移
4.1.2. 攝影機的旋轉
4.2. 攝影機的運動
4.3. 道路標線之透視投影
4.4. 消逝點
第五章  攝影機運動的估測
5.1. 利用消逝點求(b, g)參數
5.2. 消除攝影機(b, g)的旋轉
5.3. 利用道路標線斜率求(Tx, a)參數
5.4. 消除攝影機(Tx, a)的運動
第六章 運動平滑化
6.1. 平滑旋轉角度的計算
6.2. 影像的變形
第七章 實驗結果
7.1. 道路標線偵測的實驗結果
7.2. 攝影機運動參數估測的實驗結果
7.3. 運動平滑化的實驗結果
7.4. 真實影像序列穩定化的實驗結果
第八章 結論
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