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研究生:胡雅婷
研究生(外文):Ya Ting Hu
論文名稱:氣喘學生與非氣喘學生身體活動及運動社會心理狀況之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):A Comparative Study of Physical Activity and Exercising Social Psychology Condition of Asthmatic and Non-asthmatic Students
指導教授:賴香如賴香如引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiang-Ru Lai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:衛生教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:氣喘身體活動運動社會心理
外文關鍵詞:asthmaphysical activityexercising social psychology condition
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:17
  • 點閱點閱:825
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:249
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
氣喘目前是學童最常見的慢性病,且有日趨嚴重之勢,它不僅困擾學生的生活與學習,亦可能影響其身體活動與運動社會心理狀況。因此本研究主要是探討國中一、二年級氣喘與非氣喘學生的身體活動與運動社會心理狀況的現況、差異。
本研究採橫斷式調查法,母群體為九十學年度台北縣某所國中一、二年級學生,以配對抽樣法取得氣喘和非氣喘學生,再利用自編之結構問卷與三日身體活動紀錄表為工具進行資料收集,得有效問卷分別為533份與390份。資料以百分比、平均值、t考驗、卡方檢定、單因子變異數分析、簡單羅吉斯回歸以及積差相關等方法進行分析。
本研究的重要發現如下:
一、最近一年曾發作之氣喘學生、最近一年未發作之氣喘學生以及非氣喘
學生運動性氣喘相關知識得分情形有顯著差異。
二、非氣喘學生之運動頻率與每週運動數均高於氣喘學生。
三、氣喘和非氣喘學生的身體活動量並無顯著差異。
四、無氣喘者知覺運動利益高於有氣喘且最近一年曾發作做過者。而氣喘
與非氣喘學生的運動自我效能、知覺運動障礙、運動社會支持與運動
角色模仿數族無顯著差異。
五、運動自我效能、知覺運動利益、運動社會支持、運動角色模仿數都與
體能活動量有顯著正相關,而知覺運動障礙得分則與體能活動量則呈
顯著負相關。
研究最後並對未來有關氣喘研究以及教育介入提出建議。
Asthma is the most common chronic disease during childhood and adolescence, which influences students’ daily life and study, probably including their physical activity. The object of this study was to compare the physical activity as well as exercising social psychology condition of asthmatic and non-asthmatic students.
The method adopted was cross-sectional survey and the population was the first-grade and second-grade students of a junior high school in Taipei County during the school year 2001-02. By using a matched sampling method, 533 subjects were surveyed with structured questionnaires;382 provided their three-day physical activity record. Percentage, mean, t-test, Chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, logistic regression, and Pearson product-moment correlation were used to analyze the data.
The main findings of this study were as follows:
1.The scores of exercise-induced asthma knowledge were
significantly different among current asthmatic, ever
asthmatic and non-asthmatic students.
2.The exercise frequency and exercise hours a week of non-
asthmatic students were both significantly higher than
asthmatic ones.
3.There was no significant difference in the quantity of
physical activity between asthmatic and non-asthmatic
students.
4.It demonstrated that non-asthmatic students had higher
perceived benefit for exercise than current asthmatic, while
their difference in exercising self-efficacy, perceived
barrier for exercise, social support for exercise and
exercising role modeling were not apparent.
5.It presented that quality of physical activity had positive
relationship with exercising self-efficacy, perceived benefit
for exercise, social support for exercise, and exercising
role modeling. Conversely, it had negative relationship to
perceived barrier for exercise.
Based on the results, it has provided some suggestions to future study and intervention.
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機……………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的……………………………………………………3
第三節 待答問題……………………………………………………3
第四節 研究假設……………………………………………………4
第五節 研究架構……………………………………………………5
第六節 名詞界定……………………………………………………6
第七節 研究限制……………………………………………………7
第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………………8
第一節 氣喘概述……………………………………………………8
第二節 體能活動……………………………………………………13
第三節 運動社會心理因素…………………………………………17
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………20
第一節 研究對象……………………………………………………20
第二節 研究工具……………………………………………………20
第三節 實施過程……………………………………………………27
第四節 資料處理分析………………………………………………31
第四章 研究結果與討論……………………………………………31
第一節 研究對象之個人背景因素…………………………………31
第二節 研究對象之身體活動………………………………………40
第三節 研究對象之運動社會心理狀況……………………………52
第四節 身體活動與運動社會心理狀況的關係……………………59
第五章 結論與建議…………………………………………………61
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………61
第二節 建議…………………………………………………………64
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………66
附錄
附錄一 問卷初稿……………………………………………………74
附錄二 問卷內容效度考驗專家名單………………………………83
附錄三 正式問卷……………………………………………………84
附錄四 三日身體活動紀錄表………………………………………91
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1. 陳昭姿(民89)。Montehikast(Singulair)─抗leukotrienes之長效型氣喘用藥。當代醫學,27(9),57-60。
2. 林貴福(民84)。運動性氣喘的管理。台灣師大體育研究,1,139-155。
3. 呂昌明、林旭龍、黃奕清、李明憲、王淑芳(民89)。身體活動自我報告量表之效度及信度的研究-以Polar Vantage NV心搏率監測器為效標。衛生教育學報,14,33-48。
4. 呂克桓、謝貴雄(民77)。台北市學童過敏病;11年間之變化。中華民國小兒科醫學會雜誌,29(2),104-109.
5. [15] 梁高榮,“無線執照的拍賣與挑戰(上)”,通訊雜誌,民國90年10月
6. 梁俊煌(民83)。運動所引發氣喘病的角色。大專體育,13,59-64。
7. 陳淑如、張文英、潘美蓉、鄭綺(民91)。氣喘兒童身體活動狀態、自我效能極其生活品質。醫護科技學刊,4(1),1-13。
8. 陳淑如、張文英、鄭綺(民90)。氣喘兒童的運動指導。長庚護理,12(3),234-237。
9. 陳黛娜、李從業(民86)。台北市國小氣喘學童的疾病知識與適應行為之探討。護理研究,5(2),160-170。
10. 黃焜璋(民80)。漫談小而氣喘。健康世界,64,35-49。
11. 劉韋利(民89)。氣喘新療法─白三烯素的相關研究。藥學雜誌,16(1),30-36。
12. 蕭新榮(民82)。氣喘患者的基本運動能力分析。體育與運動,88,46-49。
13. 賴香如、黃璟隆、余坤煌、吳德敏、吳玉萍(民90)。國小學生氣喘篩檢研究─ISAAC錄影帶問卷和書面問卷之比較。衛生教育學報,15,23-41。
14. 謝貴雄(民84)。小兒氣喘病之預防和處理。中華民國小兒科醫學會雜誌,36(B),9-20。