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研究生:謝明義
研究生(外文):Ming-Yi Hsieh
論文名稱:不同軟網前線索與技能水準對預期正手抽球決策時間與準確性的影響
論文名稱(外文):THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TENNIS PRE-CUES AND LEVELS OF SKILL ON MAKING DECISION TIME AND ACCURACY IN ANTICIPATION OF FOREHAND STROKES
指導教授:林清和林清和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-Ho Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:前線索技能水準預期決策時間決策準確性
外文關鍵詞:Pre-CuesLevels of SkillAnticipationMaking Decision TimeMaking Decision Accuracy
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:14
  • 點閱點閱:210
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究在不同前線索情境下,比較不同技能水準的國中軟網運動員,預期對手正手抽球決策時間與決策準確性,驗證預期能力為高水準運動員重要特質,並進一步找出影響預期能力的重要線索。本研究的受試者(N=48),平均身高163.94±8.52公分;平均體重56.25±11.44公斤;平均年齡15.31±0.95歲;平均球齡3.56±2.44年,利用電腦輔助動作分析學習系統(Computer Aided Motion Analysis Learning System;CAMALS)以時間遮蔽法將影片處理成5種不同時段的視覺前線索畫面,共計60個抽球畫面。結果顯示:擊球後之定格數的決策時間顯著優於擊球前2格。優秀組、一般組、初級組的決策時間顯著優於控制組。另外,在優秀組、一般組和初級組中,擊球後之定格數的決策準確性顯著優於擊球前2格。當在擊球後3格時,優秀組的決策準確性顯著優於一般組、初級組與控制組。在擊球後2格、擊球後1格、擊球瞬間時,優秀組、一般組、初級組的決策準確性均顯著優於控制組。
This research compares junior high school soft tennis players of different levels of skill under circumstances of different pre-cues in anticipation of forehand strokes from the opponent as to the making decision time and decision accuracy in order to prove that the ability of anticipation is an important quality in a high-level athlete and to identify the important cues that influence the ability of anticipation. The subjects(N=48) in this research, the average height was 163.94±8.52 cm, and the average weight was 56.25±11.44 kg, and the average age was 15.31±0.95 , and the average length of playing soft tennis was 3.56±2.44 years. With Computer Aided Motion Analysis Learning System, the movie is processed into 5 temporal occluded film conditions-a total of 60 pictures about strokes by employing temporal occlusion. The results of the research are as follows:The making decision time of “frames subsequent to ball-racquet contact” is significantly better than “2 frames prior to ball-racquet contact”. The making decision time of Superior Group, Average Group, Basic Group were all significantly better than Control Group. Further more, in Superior Group, Average Group and Basic Group, the making decision accuracy of “frames subsequent to ball-racquet contact” is significantly better than “two frames prior to ball-racquet contact”. At “three frames subsequent to ball-racquet contact “, the making decision accuracy of Superior Group is significantly better than Average Group and Basic Group and Control Group. At “2 frames subsequent to ball-racquet contact “ and “1 frames subsequent to ball-racquet contact “ and ”at the point of the ball racquet contact ”, the making decision accuracy of Superior Group and Basic Group and Control Group were all significantly better than Control Group.
第壹章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
第一節 前言…………………………………………………………1
第二節 問題背景與研究重要性……………………………………3
第三節 研究目的……………………………………………………6
第四節 研究問題與假設……………………………………………7
第五節 名詞解釋……………………………………………………9
第貳章 文獻探討………………………………………………………11
第一節 訊息處理理論………………………………………………11
第二節 反應時間理論………………………………………………16
第三節 預期與前線索理論…………………………………………17
第四節 注意力理論…………………………………………………21
第五節 網球運動員預期能力的研究………………………………22
第六節 不同項目運動員預期能力的研究…………………………27
第七節 總結…………………………………………………………35
第參章 研究方法………………………………………………………36
第一節 研究對象……………………………………………………36
第二節 研究架構與實驗設計………………………………………37
第三節 實驗時間與地點……………………………………………40
第四節 實驗儀器……………………………………………………40
第五節 研究程序與場地佈置………………………………………43
第六節 資料處理與統計分析………………………………………49
第肆章 研究結果………………………………………………………50
第一節 預期正手抽球決策時間……………………………………50
第二節 預期正手抽球決策準確性…………………………………57
第伍章 討論……………………………………………………………68
第一節 預期正手抽球決策時間的分析……………………………68
第二節 預期正手抽球決策準確性的分析…………………………76
第陸章 結論與建議……………………………………………………83
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………83
第二節 建議…………………………………………………………85
引用文獻…………………………………………………………………86
中文部份………………………………………………………………86
英文部份………………………………………………………………88
附錄一 受試者須知與同意書……………………………………………95
附錄二 實驗須知與指導語………………………………………………96
附錄三 整體決策時間的事後比較表……………………………………97
附錄四 左斜、直線底線決策時間的事後比較表………………………98
附錄五 整體決策準確性混合設計單純主要效果分析摘要表…………99
附錄六 整體決策準確性A因子的事後比較表…………………………100
附錄七 整體決策準確性B因子的事後比較表…………………………101
附錄八 右斜底線決策準確性混合設計單純主要效果分析摘要表… 102
附錄九 右斜底線決策準確性A因子的事後比較表……………………103
附錄十 右斜底線決策準確性B因子的事後比較表……………………104
附錄十一 左斜底線決策準確性的事後比較表…………………………105
附錄十二 直線底線決策準確性混合設計單純主要效果分析摘要表…106
附錄十三 直線底線決策準確性的事後比較表…………………………107
附錄十四 整體決策時間-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖……… 108
附錄十五 右斜底線決策時間-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖… 109
附錄十六 左斜底線決策時間-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖… 110
附錄十七 直線底線決策時間-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖… 111
附錄十八 整體決策準確性-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖…… 112
附錄十九 右斜底線決策準確性-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖 113
附錄二十 左斜底線決策準確性-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖 114
附錄二一 直線底線決策準確性-不同前線索與技能水準交互作用圖 115
個人小傳…………………………………………………………………… 116
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