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研究生:黃勇杉
研究生(外文):Young-Shan HAUNG
論文名稱:不同知覺訓練方式對足球員知覺預期能力的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Different Training Perception on Soccer Athletes’ Anticipation Ability
指導教授:林 清 和
指導教授(外文):Lin, Ching-Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:知覺訓練預期能力十二碼罰球
外文關鍵詞:anticipation ability.perceptual training
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:23
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  • 下載下載:115
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
摘要
本實驗以受過專業足球訓練三年以上的國中選手二十四位為研究對象來探討不同知覺訓練對知覺預期能力的改善,並進一步比較其遷移的效果。將24位受試者隨機區分為三組,分別為知覺訓練組Ⅰ、知覺訓練組Ⅱ、以及控制組。每組的人數為八人,本研究實驗設計以兩位男子甲組足球選手為示範者,執行一系列足球12碼罰球的動作,利用時間遮蔽法將射門動作加以處理,使其成為射門腳接觸球前的視覺前線索,以隨機方式呈現給受試者,受試者將根據隨機呈現的影片來預期進球方向,並依其預期方向以實際撲球方式觸摸四個指定角落。本實驗所有統計考驗皆採用SPSS套裝統計軟體來進行,顯著水準皆訂為.05,並且採用二因混合設計考驗研究假設;組間若達到顯著差異,則進一步進行事後比較。本研究獲得結論為:
一、技能表現方面:知覺訓練組及知覺訓練組Ⅱ 的知覺預期能力優於控制組,顯示出知覺訓練對於12碼罰球預期學習確實有顯著效果。而知覺訓練組Ⅰ及Ⅱ未達到顯著差異,表示影片速度播放的快慢並不影響同一對手的前線索的分析。
二、選手經知覺訓練後,能產生學習遷移的效果,進而提升選手對於其他球員預期前線索的能力,達到成功的預期。此外,利用影片慢動作播放時效果比較好。
Abstrac
The subjects in the experiment are 24 male soccer players in Junior high school , being well-trained for more than years. They were divided into 3 groups at random-perceptual training I(video played at normal speed), perceptual training II(video plyed at slow motion),and control group.The aim of the experiment is to find if perceptual different training will affect the degree of the improvement in the athelets’anticipation ability.These subjects have to anticipate the directions of shooting and dirive to touch 4 appointed corners according to the randomly presented trials.This experiment uses SPSS to do statistics and the sighificang standard 0.05.
The outcome of research are as following:
1. The anticipatory ability in the groups lf consciousness training I and II is superior than the control group.But the difference between training group I and II doesn’t reach significant, indicating.That the speed being played in the video doesn’t effect the advance visual cues while anasly sing the same shooter.
2. It oved that the anticipation ability of the soccer players improved through consciousness training and the effected is much better while the video is played at slow motion.The soccer players understand the meangs of the process and cues by consciousness training; With the fudertion, the can ahcipat the opposites’movemence according to their advance cues.
目次
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
英文摘要……………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
謝誌…………………………………………………………………………Ⅳ
目次…………………………………………………………………………Ⅴ
表次…………………………………………………………………………Ⅷ
圖次…………………………………………………………………………Ⅸ
第壹章 緒 論……………………………………………………………1
第一節 問題背景……………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的……………………………………………………………7
第三節 研究問題與假說……………………………………………………8
第四節 研究範圍與限制……………………………………………………8
第五節 名詞解釋與操作性定義……………………………………………9
第貳章 文獻探討………………………………………………………12
第一節 訊息處理模式的理論基礎…………………………………………12
第二節 專家與生手前線索知覺預期能力的研究…………………………15
第三節 不同年齡視覺線索知覺預期能力的研究…………………………20
第四節 知覺訓練對前線索知覺預期能力之研究…………… …………22
第五節 文獻總結……………………………………………………………26
第參章 研究方法與步驟………………………………………………27
預試……………………………………… …………………………………29
第一節 研究目的……………………………………………………………29
第二節 研究對象……………………………………………………………29
知覺預期能力研究
第一節 研究架構……………………………………………………………31
第二節 研究對象……………………………………………………………32
第三節 實驗地點與儀器……………………………………………………32
第四節 實驗流程……………………………………………………………33
第五節 資料設計……………………………………………………………33
第六節 實驗的說明…………………………………………………………35
第七節 實驗流程……………………………………………………………35
第八節 資料處理與統計分析………………………………………………40
第肆章 研究結果……………………………………… ………………41
第一節 守門員預期踢球方向的失誤率的技能表現………………………41
第二節 預期足球踢球方向的失誤率的遷移表現…………………………44
第伍章 討 論………………………………………………………………48
第一節 守門員預期踢球方向的失誤率的技能表現討論分析分析討論…48
第二節 預期足球踢球方向的失誤率的遷移表現討論分析………………52
第陸章 結論與建議…………………………………………………………60
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………………60
第二節 建議…………………………………………………………………61
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………62
中文部分…………………………………………………………………62
外文部分…………………………………………………………………63
附錄…………………………………………………………………………69
附錄一…………………………………………………………………69
附錄二…………………………………………………………………71
參考文獻
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林培元、蔡尚明、黃勇杉和黃永福 (2001)。十二碼罰球分析。論文在2001年國際大專運動教練科學研討會發表。台中市:國立台灣學院。
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黃勇杉和蔡尚明(2001c)。足球守門員對十二碼罰球預期策略的應用。大專體育,55期,77-81。
溫卓謀(1999)。不同性別與運動經驗之羽球運動員預期對手正手擊球方向及深度準確性之研究。本論文在1999年國際大專運動教練科學研討會發表。桃園縣:國立體育學院。
溫卓謀(2001)。羽球運動員知覺預期能力與訓練策略之研究。國立台灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
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