跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.225.157) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/15 23:29
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳秀惠
研究生(外文):Hsiu Hui Chen
論文名稱:運動學習曲線理論之建構--動力系統觀點
論文名稱(外文):construactinn a theory of motor learning curves- dynamical system approach
指導教授:林清和林清和引用關係劉有德劉有德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching- Ho LinYeou-Teh Liu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:學習曲線多肢段運動
外文關鍵詞:learning curvemovement timemovement smoothnessmovement patternlearning functionmulti segments
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:451
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
An Abstract of The Thesis of
Hsiu-Hui Chen for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy presented on May 30,2002. Title: Constructing the Theory of Motor Learning Curves─Dynamical System Approach
The process of learning two multi segments motor skills were examined as the basis to construct the theory of learning curve in dynamical system perspective. Four adults participated in experiment one learn the pedalor task for 350 trails in 7 individual days. An opto-electronic tracking system was used to record movement trajectories. The variability of movement velocity, movement time and different between two successive trials in space were derived as the temporal and spatial variables to assess the performance. The Cauchy theorem was applied as the criterion to quantify the learning process, and the exponential and power function were test for describing the learning behavior. Four junior high school students participated in experiment two to learning the virtual ball hitting task of 60 trials or 30 minutes a day for 12 individual days. A virtual reality simulation system was used to create the visual information for learning a forehand hit task. A movement image digitize system was used to capture the displacement in 2 dimension space and the differences of two successive trials were derived for analysis. The results of two experiments in this study showed that the exponential function is best for describing the multi segment motor tasks in this study. The study also provided an useful measure device for investigating the high dimensional system of motor learning. These findings provide the empirical evaluation for dynamical system theory for motor learning curve, and also extend our current knowledge on the process of multiple segments motor coordination.
An Abstract of The Thesis of
Hsiu-Hui Chen for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy presented on May 30,2002. Title: Constructing the Theory of Motor Learning Curves─Dynamical System Approach
The process of learning two multi segments motor skills were examined as the basis to construct the theory of learning curve in dynamical system perspective. Four adults participated in experiment one learn the pedalor task for 350 trails in 7 individual days. An opto-electronic tracking system was used to record movement trajectories. The variability of movement velocity, movement time and different between two successive trials in space were derived as the temporal and spatial variables to assess the performance. The Cauchy theorem was applied as the criterion to quantify the learning process, and the exponential and power function were test for describing the learning behavior. Four junior high school students participated in experiment two to learning the virtual ball hitting task of 60 trials or 30 minutes a day for 12 individual days. A virtual reality simulation system was used to create the visual information for learning a forehand hit task. A movement image digitize system was used to capture the displacement in 2 dimension space and the differences of two successive trials were derived for analysis. The results of two experiments in this study showed that the exponential function is best for describing the multi segment motor tasks in this study. The study also provided an useful measure device for investigating the high dimensional system of motor learning. These findings provide the empirical evaluation for dynamical system theory for motor learning curve, and also extend our current knowledge on the process of multiple segments motor coordination.
Table of Contents
Chapter page
1. Introduction 1
Purpose of Study 4
Research Problem and Hypothesis 4
Delimitation 8
Operational Definition 8
Motor Learning Curve 8
Multi Segments 9
Learning Variable 9
Movement Pattern 10
Movement Time 10
Movement Smoothness 10
2. Review of Literature 11
Motor Learning Curves 11
The Definition of Motor Skill and the Way to Quantify 11
Traditional Perspective on Motor Learning Curve 13
Learning Theory and Learning Functions 15
Single Function? 19
Dynamical System Perspective of Motor Learning 23
Concept of Dynamical System Theory 23
Dynamic of Motor Learning 27
Time Scale as Feature of Motor Learning 28
Learning Function and Time Scale─How the Learning Functions Describe the Behavior? 30
Continuous Learning Behavior 30
Discrete Learning Behavior 36
3. Methods 39
Experiment One 39
Participants 42
Apparatus 42
Task 44
Procedure 44
Data Analyses 45
Experiment Two 48
Participants 49
Apparatus 50
Task 51
Procedure 52
Data Analyses 52
4. Results 54
Experiment One 54
Movement Pattern 54
Approaching Behavior 54
Curve Fitting 64
Movement Time 69
Approaching Behavior 69
Curve Fitting 78
Movement Smoothness 83
Experiment Two 91
5. Discussion 95
Experiment One 95
Learning Behavior 95
Quantify the Learning Process 98
Transitory Change 100
Experiment One 104
Change of Movement Pattern 104
6. General discussion 106
Reference 110
Appendix 117
List of Table
Table page
Table 2.1 35
Table 4.1 65
Table 4.2 66
Table 4.3 67
Table 4.4 68
Table 4.5 79
Table 4.6 80
Table 4.7 81
Table 4.8 82
Table 4.9 89
Table 4.10 90
Table 4.11 90
Table 4.12 94
Table 4.13 94
List of Figure
Figure page
Figure 2.1 31
Figure 2.2 32
Figure 2.3 34
Figure 2.4 35
Figure 2.5 37
Figure 2.6 38
Figure 3.1 42
Figure 3.2 43
Figure 3.3 51
Figure 4.1 56
Figure 4.2 57
Figure 4.3 58
Figure 4.4 59
Figure 4.5 60
Figure 4.6 61
List of Figure (continued)Figure page
Figure 4.7 62
Figure 4.8 63
Figure 4.9 70
Figure 4.10 71
Figure 4.11 72
Figure 4.12 73
Figure 4.13 74
Figure 4.14 75
Figure 4.15 76
Figure 4.16 77
Figure 4.17 84
Figure 4.18 85
Figure 4.19 86
Figure 4.20 87
Figure 4.21 91
List of Figure (continued)Figure page
Figure 4.22 92
Figure 4.23 93
Figure 5.1 103
Reference
Abraham, R. H. & Shaw, C. D. ( 1992). Dynamics-- the geometry of behavior. California: Addison-Wesley.
Adams, J. A. (1961). Warm-up decrement in performance on the pursuit rotor. American Journal of Psychology, 65, 404-414.
Adams, J. A. (1971). A closed-loop theory of motor learning, Journal of Motor Behavior, 3, 111-150.
Adams, J. A. (1987). Historical reviews and appraisal of research on the learning, retention, and transfer of human motor skill. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 41-74.
Adams, J. A. (1990). The changing face of motor learning. Human Movement Science, 9, 209-220.
Anderson, J. R. (1982). Acquisition of cognitive skill. Psychological Review, 89, 369-406.
Beek, P. J. & van Santvoord, A. A. M. (1992). Learning the cascade juggle: A dynamic systems analysis. Journal of Motor Behavior, 24, 85-94.
Bilodeau, E. A., Bilodeau, I. McD., & Schumsky, D. A. (1959). Some effects of introducing and withdrawing knowledge of results early and late in practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 58, 142-144.
Brooks, I., (2001). Fitting experimental data with Mathematica. Retrieved December 4, 2001, from http://www.wolfram.com/solutions/.
Carter, M. C., & Shapiro, D. C. (1984). Control of sequential movements: Evidence for generalized motor programs. Journal of Neurophysiology, 52,787-796.
Cohen, J., Dunbar, D. K., & McClelland, J. L. (1990). On the control of automatic processes: A parallel distributed processing account of the Stroop effect. Psychological Review, 97, 332-361.
Corcos, D. M., Jaric, S., & Gottlieb, G. L. (1996). Electromyographic analysis of performance enhancement. In H. Zelaznik (Ed). Advances in motor learning and control. (pp.123-153). Champain, IL: Human Kinetics.
Crossman, E. R. F. W. (1959). A theory of the acquisition of speed-skill. Ergonomics, 2, 153-166.
Franks, I. M., & Wilberg, R. W. (1982). The generation of movement pattern during the acquisition of a pursuit tracking task. Human Movement Science 1:215-72.
Garnett, P. W. (1997). Chaos theory tamed. Washington: Joseph Henry Press.
Gentile, A. M. (1972). A working model of skill acquisition with application to teaching. Quest, Monograph 17:3-23.
Guthrie, E. R. (1952). The psychology of learning. New York: Harper & Row.
Haken, H. (1996). Movements on a pedalo. In H. Haken, Principles of brain functioning. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Heathcote, A., Brown, S., & Mewhort, D. J. K. (2000). The power law repealed: The case for an exponential law of practice. Psychological Bulletin & Review, 7(2), 185-207.
Hirsch, M. W. (1984). The dynamical systems approach to differential equation. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 11, 1-64.
Kaplan, W. (1984). Advance Calculus (3rd ed.). MA: Addison Wesley.
Kelso, J. A. S. (1995). Dynamical Patttern--the self-organization of brain and behavior. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press.
Kramer, A. F., Strayer, D. L., & Buckley, J. (1990). Development and transfer of automatic processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 16, 505-522.
Kugler, P. N., Kelso, J.A.S. & Turvey, M. T. (1980). On the concept of coordinative structures as dissipative structures. I: Theoretical lines of convergence. In G.E. Stelmach & J. Requin (Eds.), Tutorials in Motor Behavior (pp.3-47). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Liu, Y. T. (1996). Multidimensional exploration of bimanual coordination. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois, Illinois.
Liu, Y. T., Mayer-Kress, G., & Newell, K. M. (1999). A piecewise linear map model for the sequential trial strategy of discrete timing tasks. Acta Psychologica, 103, 207-228.
Liu, Y. T., Mayer-Kress, G., & Newell, K. M. (2002). Beyond curve fitting: a dynamical system account of exponential learning in a discrete positioning task. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Logan, G. D. (1988). Toward an instance theory of automatization. Psychological Review, 95,492-527.
Lorenz, E. N. (1993). The essence of chaos. Washington: University of Washington Press.
Magill, R.A. (1993). Motor learning: Concepts and applications (4th ed.). Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown.
Magill, R.A. (1998). Motor learning: Concepts and applications(5th ed.). Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown.
Mackay, D. G. (1982). The problem of flexibility and fluency in skilled behavior. Psychological Review, 89, 483-506.
Mayer, K. G., Newell, K. M., & Liu, Y. T. (1998). What can we learning from learning curve? Manuscript submitted for publication.
Mazur, J. E., & Hastie, R. (1978). Learning as a accumulation: A reexamination of the learning curve. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 1256-1274.
Myung, I. J., Kim, C., & Pitt, M. A. (2000). Toward an explanation of the power law artifact: insights from response surface analysis. Memory & Cognition, 28(5), 832-840.
Newell, A., & Rosenbloom, P. S. (1981). Mechanism of skill acquisition and the law of practice. In J. R. Anderson (Ed.), Cognitive skill and their acquisition (pp. 1-55). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Newell, K. M. (1985). Coordination, control and skill. In D. Goodman, I. Franks, & R. B. Wilberg (Eds.), Differing perspectives in motor learning, memory, and control (pp. 295-318). Amsterdam: North Holland.
Newell, K. M., Liu, Y. T., & Mayer- Kress, G. (1997). The sequential structure of movement outcome in learning a discrete timing task. Journal of Motor Behavior, 29, 366-382.
Newell, K.M.& McDonald, P. V. (1992). Searching for solutions to the coordination function :Learning as exploratory behavior. In : G. E. Stelmach and J. Requin (Eds.), Tutorials in motor neuroscience(pp. 95-108). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Newell, K. M., Mayer- Kress, G. & Liu, Y. T. ( 2001). Time scale in motor learning and development. Psychological Review, Vol. 108, No. 1, 57-82.
Pear, T. H. (1972). Skill. Journal of Personnel Research, 5, 478-489.
Random house Webster’s universal college dictionary. (1997). NY: McGraw-Hill.
Reber, A. S. (1967). Implicit learning of artificial grammars, Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 6, 855-863.
Schabenberger, O. (1998). Nonlinear regression with the SAS system. Retrieved March 14, 2002, from http://www.stat.vt.edu/~oliver/SASNlin.htm.
Schmidt, R. A. (1975). A schema theory of discrete motor skill learning. Psychological Review, 82, 225-260.
Schmidt, R. A.(1988). Motor control and learning: A behavior emphasis. (2nd). Champain, IL: Human Kinetics.
Schmidt, R. A., & Lee, D. T. (1999). Motor control and learning: A behavior emphasis. Champain, IL: Human Kinetics.
Schmidt, R. C., & Fitzpatrick, P. (1996). Dynamical perspective on motor learning. In H. N. Zelaznik (Eds.), Advances in motor learning and control. (pp.195-223). Champain, IL: Human Kinetics.
Schoner, G., & Kelso, J. A. S. (1988). A synergetic theory of environmentally-specified and learned pattern of movement coordination: I. Relative phase dynamics. Biological Cybernetics, 58, 71-80. Shaw, R. E. & Alley, T. R. (1985). How to draw learning curves: Their use and justification. In T. D. Johnson & A. T. Pietrewicz (Eds.), Issue in the ecological study of learning (pp. 275-304). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Scholz, J. P. & Kelso, J. A. S. (1989). A quantitative approach to understanding the formation and change of coordinated movement pattern. Journal of Motor Behavior, 21, 122-144.
Fitch, H. L., Tuller, B., & Turvey, M. T. (1982). The Bernstein perspective: III. Turing of coordinative structures with special reference to perception. In J. A. S. Kelso (Eds.), Human motor behavior: an introduction (pp. 271-281). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Shea, C. H., Shebilske, W. L. Worchel, S., (1993). Motor learning and Control. NJ: Prentice Hall.
Snoddy, G. S. (1926). Learning and stability. Journal of Apply Psychology, 10, 1-36.
Sternand, D. (1998). A dynamic systems perspective to perception and action. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 69(4), 319-325.
Trowbridge, M. H., & Cason, H. (1932). An experimental study of Thorndike’s theory of learning. Journal of General Psychology, 7, 245-258.
Vereijken, B., Van Emmerik, R. E. A., Bongaardt, R., Beek, W. J., & Newell, K. M. (1997). Changing coordinative structures in complex skill acquisition. Human Movement Science, 16, 823-844.
Zanone, P. G., & Kelso, J. A. S. (1997). Coordination dynamics of learning and transfer: Collective and component levels. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 23, 1454-1480.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關論文
 
1. 13. 曾麗娟,「公共事務委託民間辦理之研究」,研考報導,第16卷,民國80年7月。
2. 14. 曹壽民、羅孝賢、劉瑞麟,「公有停車場費率之研究」,運輸計劃季刊,第21卷,第1期,民國81年3月。
3. 11. 謝佩君,「臺北市市有財產的經營趨勢-委託民營」,臺灣經濟研究月刊,第20卷,第6期,民國86年6月。
4. 10. 彭振聲、溫日宏,「高雄市公有路外停車場委託民間經營效益分析」,營建管理季刊,民國89年。
5. 9. 黃茂榮、張志銘,「政府業務委託民間辦理相關法制之研究」,植根雜誌,第15卷,第8期,民國88年8月。
6. 17. 曾平毅,「建立品牌計程車評鑑制度芻議」,都市交通,第94期,民國86年7月。
7. 18. 侯錦雄,「民營遊樂區評鑑因素之研擬」,東海學報,第36卷,民國84年7月。
8. 20. 江啟昱,「評鑑與相關名詞的概念分析」,人文及社會學科教學通訊,第5卷,第1期,民國83年6月。
9. 8.李宗儒、鄭正鑫,「以分析層級程序法擬定物流中心之成功營運要素」,臺灣經濟,民國八十五年八月。
10. 12.林大煜,「酒後駕車問題之檢討與分析」,交通建設,第41卷11期,1992年11月。
11. 13.林崇陽,「酒醉駕駛取締技巧與執法策略」,警專學報,第1卷3期,1990年6月。
12. 15.陳銘烈,「防制酒醉駕駛執法因應對策─從美、加地區執法經驗談起」,警光雜誌,第489期。
13. 18.張有恆、蔡欽同,「模糊理論應用於公車系統營運服務績效評估之研究」,運輸計劃季刊,民國八十二年。
14. 20.程玉傑、謝益銘、曾招雄、陳家福,「提昇酒後駕駛執法品質之研究」,警學叢刊,第30卷第4期,民國89年1月。
15. 23.曾國雄、王榮祖,「公車系統績效評估之研究-AHP法及FMADM之應用」,中山管理評論,民國八十三年。