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研究生:林永慶
研究生(外文):Lin, Yong-Chin
論文名稱:白蝦暴露於亞硝酸下之急性毒性及緊迫反應之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the acute toxicity of nitrite and its stress response on Litopenaeus vannamei
指導教授:陳建初陳建初引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Jiann-Chu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:水產養殖學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:亞硝酸急性毒性半致死濃度蓄積緊迫白蝦
外文關鍵詞:nitriteacute toxicityLC50accumulationstressLitopenaeus vannamei
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  • 被引用被引用:7
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摘 要
白蝦(3.97 ± 1.40 g)於不同鹽度(15、25及35 ppt)下,以靜置換水法(static renewal method),研究對於亞硝酸的耐性。於15 ppt下,24、48、72、96、120及144小時之LC50分別為187.9、142.2、92.5、76.5、67.1及61.1 mg/l亞硝酸-氮;於25 ppt下,24、48、72、96、120及144小時之LC50分別為274.1、244.0、224.8、178.3、164.3、及152.4 mg/l亞硝酸-氮;於35 ppt下,24、48、72、96、120及144小時之LC50分別為521.2、423.9、375.0、321.7、281.2、及257.2 mg/l亞硝酸-氮。在鹽度15 ppt 下,亞硝酸-氮對於白蝦之毒性為在鹽度25及 35 ppt 下之1.5-2.6及2.6-4.2倍。在鹽度15、25及35 ppt,亞硝酸-氮對於白蝦之安全值(safe level)分別為6.11、15.24及25.72 mg/l。亞硝酸-氮對於白蝦之半致死濃度(LC50, mg/l)與時間(T, h)及鹽度(S, ppt)之關係如下:
LC50=123.0182 + 0.3657S — 0.6072T(R2= 0.9847)。
白蝦(7.31 ± 1.44 g)於鹽度35 ppt下,暴露於0.98、4.94、9.87及19.99 mg/l 亞硝酸-氮,24小時後,血淋巴亞硝酸-氮分別為2.86、5.60、14.40及39.39 mg/l。白蝦於15、25及35 ppt 下暴露於9.87 mg/l亞硝酸-氮,24小時後,血淋巴中亞硝酸-氮分別為54.9、32.6及14.4 mg/l,在鹽度15 ppt 下,其血淋巴亞硝酸-氮蓄積為在鹽度25 及 35 ppt 下之2.26 及3.81倍。白蝦暴露於9.87 mg/l亞硝酸-氮下,其血淋巴亞硝酸-氮(C,mg/l)與鹽度(S,ppt)以及暴露時間(T,h)的關係式為:
C=50.6742-1.3631S+0.8427T(R2= 0.8051)
白蝦(7.38 ± 1.32 g)於鹽度35 ppt,暴露於0.98、4.94、9.87及19.99 mg/l亞硝酸-氮下,經1、3、6、12及24小時,分析血淋巴皮質醇、葡萄糖、乳酸、GOT及GPT。白蝦暴露於19.99 mg/l亞硝酸-氮,其血淋巴皮質醇於第6小時,達最高值,為1.14 μg/dl;血淋巴葡萄糖於第1小時,達最高值,為20.6 mg/dl;血淋巴乳酸於第3小時達到最高值,為6.44 mg/dl;血淋巴GOT與GPT活性均於第6小時達到最高值,分別為149.2及70.1U/l。白蝦暴露於亞硝酸-氮濃度19.9 mg/l,經6小時即有初級緊迫反應。
Abstract
Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles ( 3.97 ±1.40 g ) were exposed to different concentrations of nitrite-N (nitrite as nitrigon), using the static renewal method at different salinity levels of 15 ppt, 25 ppt and 35 ppt at 18℃. The 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 h LC50 of nitrite-N on L. vannamei juveniles were 187.9, 144.2, 92.5, 76.5, 67.1 and 61.1 mg/l at 15 ppt;274.1, 244., 224.8, 178.3, 164.3 and 152.4 mg/l at 25 ppt;521.2, 423.9, 375.0, 321.7, 281.2 and 257.2 mg/l at 35 ppt, respectively. As salinity decreased from 35 ppt to 15 and 25 ppt, the susceptibility of nitrite-N to L. vannamei increased by 2.6-4.2 and 1.5-2.6 times. The“safe level”of nitrite-N for rearing L. vannamei juveniles were estimated to be 6.11, 15.24 and 25.72 mg/l at 15, 25 and 35ppt, respectively. The relationship among LC50 of nitrite-N (mg/l), salinity (S, ppt), and exposure time (T, h) is as follow:
LC50=123.0182 + 0.3657S — 0.6072 T (R2=0.9847)
L. vannamei ( 7.31 ±1.44 g ) exposed individually to 0 (control), 0.98, 4.94, 9.87, 19.99 mg/l nitrite-N in 35 ppt r were examined for hemolymph nitrite-N after 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h, respectively. Following 24 h exposure to 0.98, 4.94, 9.87, 19.99 mg/l nitrite-N, hemolymph nitrite-N accumulated to 2.86, 5.60, 14.40 and 39.39 mg/l, respectively. L. vannamei following 24 h exposure to 9.87 mg/l nitrite-N at 15 ppt, 25 ppt and 35 ppt , hemolymph nitrite-N accumulated to 14.4, 32.6 and 54.9 mg/l, respectively. As salinity decreased from 35 ppt to 25 ppt and 15 ppt, accumulation of hemolymph nitrite-N increased by 2.26 and 3.81 times. The relationship among hemolymph nitrite-N (C, mg/l), salinity (S, ppt ), and exposure time (T, h) is as follow:
C=50.6742 — 1.3631S + 0.8427T (R2=0.8051)
L. vannamei ( 7.38±1.32 g ) following exposure to 0.98, 4.94, 9.87 and 19.99 mg/l nitrite-N at 35 ppt after 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h. Concentrations of hemolymph cortisol, glucose, lactete and the activities of hemolymph GOT and GPT were masured. L. vannamei following exposure to 19.99 mg/l nitrite-N increased its hemolymph cortisol to the highest ( 1.14μg/dl ), glucose to the highest ( 20.6 mg/dl ) and lactate to the highest ( 6.44 mg/dl ) after 6h, 1h and 3h, respectively. L. vannamei following 6 h exposure to 19.99 mg/l nitrite-N increased its hemolymph GOT and GPT activities to 149.2 and 70.1 U/l, respectively. L. vannamei exposed nitrite-N concentration at 19.99 mg/l (lower than safe level) at 35 ppt, experienced primary stress response in 6 h.
目 錄
謝 辭……………………………………………………………………III
摘 要……………………………………………………………………IV
Abstract………………………………………………………………....VI
第一章 緒言…………………………………………………………….1
第二章 文獻整理……………………………………………………….4
第三章 白蝦於不同鹽度下對亞硝酸之耐性
一、摘要……………………………………………………………….16
二、前言……………………………………………………………….16
三、材料與方法……………………………………………………….17
四、結果……………………………………………………………….19
五、討論……………………………………………………………….21
表……………………………………………………………………….25
圖……………………………………………………………………….34
第四章 白蝦於不同鹽度下暴露於亞硝酸下其血淋巴亞硝酸之蓄積
一、摘要……………………………………………………………….36
二、前言……………………………………………………………….36
三、材料與方法……………………………………………………….37
四、結果……………………………………………………………….39
五、討論……………………………………………………………….41
表……………………………………………………………………….43
圖……………………………………………………………………….47
第五章 白蝦暴露於外界亞硝酸下之緊迫反應
一、摘要………………………………………………………………..49
二、前言………………………………………………………………..49
三、材料與方法………………………………………………………..51
四、結果………………………………………………………………..54
五、討論………………………………………………………………..57
圖………………………………………………………………………..62
第六章 結論……………………………………………………………67
參考文獻………………………………………………………………..69
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