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研究生:黃錫泉
論文名稱:樹脂粉替代細骨材對混凝土特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):Influence of Additive of Epoxy Powder on Concrete Properties
指導教授:楊仲家黃然黃然引用關係
指導教授(外文):C. C. YangR. Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:材料工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:樹脂粉銅箔基鈑廢棄物再生利用
外文關鍵詞:Epoxy powderCopper Clad LaminateWaste utlization
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本研究係使用印刷電路板上游基材銅箔基板(copper clad laminate, CCL)裁切後邊料廢棄物磨碎成粉(本研究定義為樹脂粉epoxy powder)加入混凝土中,評估對混凝土性質之影響,以解決樹脂難以處理之環保問題及符合台灣地區現今資源再利用策略。設定使用在混凝土目標設計強度分別為4000 psi、3000 psi及2000 psi,經參考ACI配比設計修正後其水膠比(W/B)分別為0.6、0.7、0.8三組。試驗結果顯示,三組配比均隨著樹脂粉替代細骨材量的增加而明顯降低其工作性,尤其在替代量為30%時,其坍度更呈現近零坍度情形。於替代量為20%、30%分別添加適量的強塑劑,仍無明顯改善其工作性。硬固性質方面,抗壓強度及劈裂強度並無隨替代量的增加而明顯改變。而彈性模數卻隨著替代量的增加而降低。表面電阻率隨著替代量的增加而上升。超音波速,卻隨替代量的增加而增加波傳遞時間。混凝土吸水率三組配比在樹脂粉的替代細骨材量的增加而降低。就耐久性而言,經五次乾濕循環浸泡在飽和硫酸鈉溶液,結果三組配比均隨著替代量的增加有更好抗硫酸鹽能力。
綜合各項試驗結果顯示,樹脂粉應用在混凝土中替代細骨材使用是可行的。其最佳替代量以水膠比(W/B)分別為0.6、0.7、0.8三組而言,分別為175.4 、185.4 、192.91 。使用時應注意工作性變動情形,以符合現場施工實際需要。
The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of epoxy powder by replacement of sand on concrete properties. Concrete with water/binder 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 were cast and tested. Both properties of fresh and harden concrete were performed. The testing result of fresh concrete shows that the more quantity of epoxy powder reduces the slump, and the testing results of harden concrete are listed as follows: (1) compressive strength and splitting strength are not different between addition of epoxy powder; (2) the more quantity of epoxy powder reduces the elastic modulus, and capacity of water absorption, and increases the resistivity, and ultrasonic pulse velocity; (3) in the sulfate degradation test, the more quantity of epoxy powder shows the higher resistance of sulfate degradation.
According to the testing results, the optimal quantity of epoxy powder by replacement of sand in water/ binder 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 are 176 kg/m3, 186 kg/m3, 193 kg/m3 respectively. In addition, the workability of concrete should be controlled in the utilization of epoxy powder on concrete.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究目的 1
1.3研究方法 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1廢棄物再生利用 4
2.2銅箔基板(Copper Clad Laminate , CCL)簡介 5
2.2.1 銅箔基板組成材料與分類 5
2.2.2 銅箔基板製程 6
2.2.3 成份組成 8
2.2.4 銅箔基板邊料處理 8
2.3摻料對混凝土性質的影響 10
2.3.1化學摻料(強塑劑) 對混凝土性質的影響 11
2.3.2飛灰對混凝土性質的影響 12
2.3.3爐石對混凝土性質的影響 13
2.4細骨材特性對混凝土性質的影響 14
2.4.1細骨材用量對混凝土性質的影響 14
2.4.2細骨材性質對混凝土性質的影響 14
2.5混凝土新拌工作性之量測 17
2.6混凝土硬固性質 17
2.6.1彈性模數 17
2.6.2劈裂強度 19
2.6.3表面電阻率 20
2.6.4超音波速 21
2.6.5硫酸鹽侵蝕 24
第三章 試驗計畫 26
3.1前言 26
3.2試驗變數 27
3.3試驗材料 27
3.4混凝土配比設計 35
3.5試驗儀器及設備 38
3.6試驗方法 43
第四章 結果與討論 51
4.1樹脂粉成份及微觀分析 51
4.2樹脂粉混凝土工作性 54
4.3樹脂粉混凝土抗壓強度 55
4.4樹脂粉混凝土彈性模數 63
4.5樹脂粉混凝土劈裂強度 67
4.6樹脂粉混凝土電阻 70
4.7樹脂粉混凝土超音波速 74
4.8樹脂粉混凝土吸水率 80
4.9硫酸鹽侵蝕試驗 81
4.10 TCLP試驗 87
第五章 應用於工程之可行性分析 89
5.1材料資源與工程技術分析 89
5.2工程性質分析 89
5.3經濟效益分析 90
第六章 結論及建議 92
6.1結論 92
6.2建議 93
參考文獻 94
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