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研究生:楊銘賢
論文名稱:地貌瞬時單位歷線模式中逕流運行時間機率分佈之研究
指導教授:李光敦李光敦引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:河海工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:河海工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:水文統計學水力學地理資訊系統
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晚近所發展之地形性逕流模式,能有效地反應集水區地文特性與降雨特性對逕流歷線的影響。此類地形性水文模式中較完備者,為運動波-地貌瞬時單位歷線模式。該模式可經由水力學觀點配合集水區河川網路特性,推衍時變性之水文反應函數,可便捷地應用於推求集水區之逕流量。然而,模式中對於逕流運行時間機率分佈之假設,前人研究仍未有一致定論,且長久以來均應用概念化模式之假設,致使模式之參數無法適切地反應集水區的物理意義。
事實上,逕流運行時間機率分佈包含集水區地文之統計特性與逕流之水力特性。因此若能求得逕流長度之機率分佈與逕流長度和逕流時間之關係,則可應用推衍分佈理論推導逕流運行時間之機率分佈。本研究以臺灣地區集水區為例,應用卜桑程序及數值高程模式推求漫地流與渠流之逕流長度機率分佈;同時利用運動波方程式描述逕流運行時間與逕流運行長度之關係,再由推衍分佈理論推導得到逕流運行時間分佈。此外,研究中探討不同逕流運行時間分佈假設,對運動波-地貌瞬時單位歷線與直接逕流歷線之影響,並進行地文因子之敏感度分析。
摘要
目錄
表錄
圖錄
第一章導論
1.1 研究目的
1.2 前人研究
1.2.1 集水區地形性逕流模式相關研究
1.2.2 逕流運行時間分佈相關研究
1.2.3 集水區渠流與漫地流長度分佈相關研究
1.2.4 逕流運行時間與逕流長度關係相關研究
1.3 研究方法
第二章 運動波-地貌瞬時單位歷線理論
2.1 地貌瞬時單位歷線
2.2 逕流運行時間分佈
2.3 平均逕流運行時間推估
第三章 集水區漫地流與渠流長度分佈
3.1 卜桑程序理論
3.2 應用卜桑程序推導逕流長度機率分佈
3.3 應用數值高程模式推求地文因子
3.3.1 流向判定與河川網路擷取
3.3.2 利用數值高程模式推求地文因子
第四章 應用運動波理論推求逕流長度與時間之關係
4.1 運動波理論
4.2 漫地流逕流長度與時間之關係式
4.3 渠流逕流長度與時間之關係式
第五章 應用推衍分佈理論推導逕流運行時間分佈
5.1 推衍分佈理論
5.2 漫地流逕流運行時間分佈
5.3 渠流逕流運行時間分佈
第六章 研究結果與討論
6.1 逕流長度分佈驗證
6.1.1 研究集水區簡介
6.1.2 渠流長度分佈分析
6.1.3 漫地流長度分佈分析
6.2 逕流運行時間分佈驗證
6.2.1 研究集水區簡介
6.2.2 研究集水區地文分析
6.2.3 以運動波-地貌瞬時單位歷線模式模擬直接逕流歷線
6.3 逕流運行時間分佈對運動波-地貌瞬時單位歷線之影響
6.4 地文因子與有效降雨強度對逕流運行時間分佈之影響
第七章 結論
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