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研究生:李青蔚
研究生(外文):LEE CHIN WEI
論文名稱:決策優選比較分析法評估既有鋼筋混凝土橋樑之損傷等級
指導教授:梁明德
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:河海工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:河海工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:損傷等級評估準則裂縫強度隸屬度權重
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  • 被引用被引用:8
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針對既有鋼筋混凝土橋樑進行評估,為了強調“D.E.R評估準則”定立權重具有學理依據的優點,確定D.E.R.評估準則是可行及可靠的評估方法。本文首先提出決策優選比較分析法配合D.E.R.評估準則,將分割系統中的評價因素以“權”的方式聯繫,建立單元系統決策優選模型,得到決策對於優的隸屬度,再對隸屬度大小進行排序,得到決策的最優排序,為驗證該法之可行性與可靠性,採用模糊多因素多層次綜合評判法配合D.E.R.評估準則,評估基隆市轄區內十座既有鋼筋混凝土橋樑。其次,提出比較矩陣構造法,透過專家分析每兩個指標對目標影響的比值,得到比較矩陣,再用幾何平均法進行資料處理,計算矩陣的標準化特徵向量,求得各指標對目標影響的權值,再由權值大小代入決策優選比較分析法對十座橋樑進行評估。研究結果如下:
1.分別利用決策優選比較分析法與模糊多因素多層次綜合評判法配合D.E.R.評估準則評估結果順序皆為:富民,觀音,武德,東勢,中正,中山,光華,龍門,尚仁,中和;而採用D.E.R.評估準則所得之評估結果順序為:富民,觀音,武德,東勢,光華,中正,龍門,中和,中山,尚仁;顯然D.E.R.評估準則所評判的橋樑維修順序尚為合理可靠。
2.比較矩陣構造法配合決策優選比較分析法評估結果順序為:富民,觀音,武德,東勢,中正,中山,光華,尚仁,龍門,中和;而採用D.E.R.評估準則所得之評估結果順序為:富民,觀音,武德,東勢,光華,中正,龍門,中和,中山,尚仁。顯示D.E.R.評估準則所使用的權重尚為合理。
In order to focus on performing evaluation for existing reinforced concrete bridges and to emphasize on the advantage of D.(Degree) E.(Extend) R.(Relevancy) evaluation criterion determined weight with theoretical basis, the D.E.R. evaluation criterion is definitely a feasible and reliable evaluation method. In this report, the combination of the D.E.R. evaluation criterion with the decision optimum selection analysis method was first provided. The evaluation factors of partitioned system are connected by the way of weight. The single system decision optimum selection order is set up. The optimum order of decision is obtained. For verifying the proposed method with feasibility and reliability, the combination of the D.E.R. evaluation criterion with the multiple factors and layers fuzzy synthesis evaluation method was employed to evaluate the ten existing RC(reinforced concrete) bridges in Keelung, Taiwan. The comparison matrix construction method was second furnished. Through expert to analysis the ratio of every two index to objective influence, the comparison matrix was obtained. The geometrical mean values was adopted to treat data. The substitution of weight value into the decision optimum selection comparison analysis method was performed evaluation for the ten existing RC bridges. The investigated results are described as follows:
1.The evaluated results obtained from both the decision optimum selection comparison analysis method and the multiple factors and layers fuzzy synthesis evaluation method in connection with the D.E.R. evaluation criterion are: Fuu-min Gauan-in Wuu-der Dong-shyh Jong-jeng Jong-san Guang-hwa Long-men Shang-ren Jong-her bridges. However, the evaluated results gained from the D.E.R. evaluation criterion are: Fuu-min Gauan-in Wuu-der Dong-shyh Guang-hwa Jong-jeng Long-men Jong-her Jong-san Shang-ren bridges. It is obvious that the repair order of the evaluated bridges predicted by the D.E.R. evaluation criterion is suitable and reliable.
2.The evaluated results obtained from the comparison matrix construction method in connection with the decision optimum comparison method are: Fuu-min Gauan-in Wuu-der Dong-shyh Jong-jeng Jong-san Guang-hwa Shang-ren Long-men Jong-her bridges. Nevertheless, The evaluated results attained to the D.E.R. evaluation criterion are: Fuu-min Gauan-in Wuu-der Dong-shyh Guang-hwa Jong-jeng Long-men Jong-her Jong-san Shang-ren bridges. It is perfectly plain that the weight values adopted by the D.E.R. evaluation criterion are reasonable and feasible.
頁 次
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
符號說明 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的 3
1-3 研究方法 3
1-4 研究內容 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2-1 前言 5
2-2 橋樑評估方法 6
2-3結論 12
第三章 決策優選比較分析法評估既有鋼筋混凝土橋樑之損傷等級 13
3-1 前言 13
3-2 D.E.R.評估法 14
3-3 系統模糊優選模型 17
3-4 實例分析 23
3-5 討論 26
3-6 結論 30
第四章 比較矩陣構造法求多指標的權值及排序 31
4-1 前言 31
4-2 比較矩陣構造法 32
4-3 實例分析 33
4-4 討論 37
4-5 結論 45
第五章 結論與建議 46
5-1 結論 46
5-2 建議 48
參考文獻 79
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