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研究生:劉尚儒
研究生(外文):Liu, Shang-Ju
論文名稱:導電塗層防止海生物附著定置網之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on Conductive Coatings Used as Anode for Preventing Set Net from Biofouling Problem
指導教授:黃 然
指導教授(外文):R. Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:河海工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:河海工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:導電塗料自由氯定置網防污
外文關鍵詞:conductive coatingfree chlorineset netbiofouling
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:71
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究目的在探討使用不同成分之導電塗料塗附在定置網上,放入海水中做為陽極,同時外加電位使陽極電解產生自由氯以達到防止海生物附著之目的。導電塗料使用之黏結劑有:PU樹脂、水性PU樹脂、亞克力(acrylic)樹脂、矽硐(silicone)樹脂及環氧(epoxy)樹脂。導電層添加物有石墨及碳黑。電阻率及電解試驗結果顯示,使用水性PU樹脂或亞克力樹脂與碳黑混合之導電塗料,配以石墨壓製而成之網具試片,其導電能力及電解試驗為較佳。而現場試驗結果,亦顯示此兩種塗料試片每日電解4小時,能有較佳之防污效果。
The purpose of this study is to develop new conductive coatings used as anode for producing free chlorine and preventing marine biofouling attaching on the set net. This basic concept is based on electrolytic chlorination in seawater. The binders of the conductive coatings are polyurethane resin, water-bone polyurethane resin, acrylic resin, silicone resin, and epoxy resin. The additives of the conductive coatings are graphite and carbon black. According to electrical resistivity measurement and electrolysis test results, water-bone polyurethane resin and acrylic resin was used as binder respectively, and graphite and carbon black were mixed as additive in the conductive coating had suitable performance for preventing marine biofouling. In the field test, we find the four hours electrolysis per day, these conductive coatings showed suitable performance for control of biofouling.
摘要(中文摘要)…………………………………………………………i
摘要(英文摘要)…………………………………………………………ii
目錄…………………………………………………………………………iii
表目錄………………………………………………………………………v
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………vi
第一章 緒論
1.1 研究動機 …………………………………………………………… 1
1.2 研究目的及方法………………………………………………………2
1.3 研究流程………………………………………………………………3
第二章 文獻回顧
2.1 海生物之附著…………………………………………………………5
2.2 防污方式………………………………………………………………7
2.3 導電塗料………………………………………………………………11
2.4 氯化學…………………………………………………………………15
第三章 試驗計畫
3.1 實驗室試驗……………………………………………………………24
3.2 試驗材料………………………………………………………………25
3.3 試驗設備………………………………………………………………27
3.4 實驗室試驗方法………………………………………………………29
3.5 現場試驗………………………………………………………………32
3.6 現場試驗方法…………………………………………………………33
第四章 試驗結果與討論
4.1 實驗室試驗
4.1.1 導電添加物之選用………………………………………………56
4.1.2 導電塗料之性質…………………………………………………57
4.1.3 試片之性質………………………………………………………59
4.1.4 電解試驗…………………………………………………………60
4.1.5 塗層表面觀察……………………………………………………64
4.2 現場試驗
4.2.1 電解試驗分析……………………………………………………65
4.2.2 海生物附著分析…………………………………………………66
4.2.3 塗層表面觀察……………………………………………………69
第五章 結論……………………………………………………………… 105
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………107
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