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研究生:鄭景文
論文名稱:網絡核心性、吸收能力對部門創新與績效之影響-以航運業為例
論文名稱(外文):The effects of network centrality, absorptive capacity on unit's innovation and performance:the case of shipping industry
指導教授:陳義勝陳義勝引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:航運管理學系
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:運輸管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:網絡核心性吸收能力創新績效
外文關鍵詞:NetworksCentralityAbsorptive CapacityInnovationPerformance
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:31
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  • 下載下載:303
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:8
組織內個別單位能夠提供更多的創新與更好的績效,假如他們佔據核心網絡地位而存取由其他單位所創造出的新知識。然而,這種效應是依靠組織吸收知識的能力或技能以成功的複製新知識。本研究以國內海運業為例,經由整理過去相關文獻,並且從網絡的觀點出發,探討網絡核心性與吸收能力在組織內各別部門創新與績效上所扮演的角色;同時以吸收能力為中介變項,探討其是否會在核心性與創新績效間存在中介效果。
分析之結果發現,個別單位之外部知識存取是由其網絡地位來描述的。藉由佔有一個比較核心的位置,單位可能比較容易從其他單位中獲取有效的知識;而單位之內部學習與吸收能力決定了部門可以從其他單位吸收新知識的程度,高的吸收能力創造好的機會以成功地運用新知識,並且激發較多的創新與較好的營運績效。網絡核心性對部門創新與績效同時也存在顯著之間接效果,也就是說,網絡核心性會透過吸收能力間接強化部門創新與績效。因而研究結果建議部門或組織在擴展其網絡之連結時,必須留意其本身吸收能力之培養。
Organization units can produce more innovation and enjoy better performance if they occupy central network position that provide access to new knowledge developed by other units. The effect, however, depends on units’ absorptive capacity, or ability to successful replicate new knowledge. After reviewing the relevant literature, in this study, we take shipping industry for example and try to explore the role that network centrality and absorptive capacity play in unit’s innovation and performance. In the other hand, we also introduce absorptive capacity as media variance into the model and survey the mediating effect between network centrality and unit’s innovation and performance.
A unit’s external knowledge access is characterized by its network position. By occupying acentral network position, a unit is likely to access useful knowledge from other units. An organization unit’s internal learning capacity determines the extent to which it can absorptive new knoeledge from other units. High aborrptive capacity is associated with a better chance to successfully apply new knowledge toward commercial ends, producing more innovations and better business performance. Additionally, there exists indirect effect between network centrality and unit’s innovation and performance, that is, thorugh absorptive capacity netwok centrality will enhance unit’s innovation and performance. Hence, the result suggests that a unit or organization has to invest significantly in its absorptive capacity when expending its network links.
目錄
謝辭 I
中文摘要 II
Abstract III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 問題說明 1
第二節 研究觀念性架構與變項之操作性定義 4
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 網絡核心性之相關文獻探討 7
第二節 吸收能力之相關文獻探討 12
第三節 創新之相關文獻探討 17
第四節 績效之相關文獻探討 22
第五節 各變項關聯性之相關文獻探討 27
第三章 研究設計 31
第一節 研究假說之建立 31
第二節 研究對象基本資料分析 35
第三節 衡量工具 38
第四節 統計分析工具 41
第四章 實證結果與分析 43
第一節 網絡核心性與部門創新、績效之影響關係 43
第二節 吸收能力與部門創新、績效之影響關係 46
第三節 網絡核心性、吸收能力與部門創新、績效之徑路關係分析 53
第五章 結論與建議 57
第一節 研究結論 57
第二節 研究限制與建議 61
參考文獻 63
附錄 69
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