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研究生:吳志文
研究生(外文):Chih-Wen Wu
論文名稱:利用區塊變異量偵測搜尋樣板與搜尋中心--應用於視訊編碼
論文名稱(外文):Estimations of Search Pattern and Initial Center based on Block Variations in Video Coding
指導教授:王榮華
指導教授(外文):JUNG-HUA WANG
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:位移估測視訊編碼
外文關鍵詞:Video CodingMotion EstimationMPEGH.261
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由於具有極高的影像壓縮效率,位移估測在目前現行的視訊編碼標準中扮演著一個重要的角色。但是位移估測通常需要花費許多計算時間,因此有許多的演算法被提出來用以減輕位移估測的高計算負載。但是還存有一些相關的課題值得去進一步的研究。 首先,目前幾乎所有的搜尋演算法都只考慮搜尋樣版的形狀,如:Diamond Search演算法 [8]、巢狀搜尋演算法 [9]。另外,這些搜尋演算法通常採用了一套固定的搜尋流程,因此常會造成許多不必要的運算,特別是在處理比較緩慢的視訊串流時。因而本論文提出了兩個估測模組來解決這兩個問題。這兩個模組利用編碼區塊的變動程度來動態的選擇應該使用的搜尋樣板與初始搜尋中心點。實驗的結果顯示,本論文所提出的這兩個模組確能有效改進位移估測的搜尋效率。而且,這兩個模組可以很容易地套用於傳統採用固定搜尋流程的快速搜尋演算法之中,以減輕其計算負載。

In modern video coding, motion estimation plays an important role because of its ability of high compression efficiency. However, motion estimation generally involves heavy computation load, and many fast search algorithms were proposed to alleviate this problem. Despite these efforts, some important issues deserve further study. First, nearly all search algorithms for motion estimation, e.g. Diamond Search [8] and Cellular Search [9], only consider the aspect of the search pattern, and finding the optimal search pattern has been the central issue. Moreover, these methods often employ fixed search routine, which inevitably incur unnecessary computations, particularly in slow image video sequences. Aiming to solve these problems, this thesis presents two estimation modules. Using the variation information of the processing block, the proposed modules are capable of choosing the pattern most suitable for the processing block, and obtaining a better initial search center for the current search window. Experimental results are provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed modules, and their flexibility when incorporated into other search algorithms.

第一章 緒論 1
1-1. 背景說明 1
1-2. 研究動機與目的 2
1-3. 章節簡介 4
第二章 MPEG-2視訊標準簡介 6
2-1. 各模組及流程簡介 6
2-2. MPEG-2畫面編碼方式 12
第三章 BLOCK-MATCHING位移估測演算法 16
3-1 全域搜尋演算法(Full Search Algorithm) 18
3-2 鑽石形搜尋演算法(Diamond Search Algorithm) 18
3-3 巢狀搜尋演算法(Cellular Search Algorithm) 22
第四章 區塊變量與初始搜尋中心估測 27
4-1 適應性位移估測演算法(Adaptive Motion Estimation Algorithm) 27
4-2 應用鄰近區塊向量於區塊變量估測 28
4-3 區塊變量估測(Estimation of block variation) 32
4-4 初始搜尋中心估測(Estimation of initial search center) 35
第五章 實驗結果 38
第六章 結論與討論 45
參考文獻 47

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