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研究生:曾文正
研究生(外文):Wen-Cheng Tseng
論文名稱:東海海域水中光學特性與專家系統在水色模式選定之應用
論文名稱(外文):The optical spectrum characteristic in East China Sea and the application of Expert System to choose ocean color model
指導教授:陳俊德陳俊德引用關係郭南榮郭南榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Te ChenNan-Jung Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:葉綠素甲總懸浮物質光譜特性海洋水色生物光學演算模式專家系統東海海域
外文關鍵詞:chlorophyll-atotal suspended matteroptical spectrum characteristicbio-optical algorithm modelocean colorExpert SystemEast China Sea
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摘要
東海是世界上最重要的邊緣海域之一,而利用衛星遙測海洋植物性浮游生物的分佈情形,是可行且有效的方式。唯需事先建立水色模式,才能準確地藉由衛星所測得之水中光譜特性,來推算該海域之水中葉綠素甲或總懸浮物濃度。但水色模式的建立不僅資料蒐集不易、解析過程繁複且具專業性。為改善此一問題,本研究引進了專家系統的觀念,將其應用在海洋水色觀測的方面,初步判別適用於東海海域的最佳生物光學演算模式。
實驗結果證實了專家系統在海洋生物光學演算模式判別上的可行性。在葉綠素甲濃度判別上,以OC4-P6為最適演算法,其水色模式為:
〔Chl-a〕=10^(0.0566+0.7552*R-10.78559*R2+23.1007*R3-59.4816*R4+100.0055*R5-57.1707*R6),此處R=Log(Rrs443> Rrs490> Rrs510/ Rrs555) <註一>,決定係數r²=0.9754。
在總懸浮物的濃度判別方面,由於其成份複雜,故本研究嘗試結合CalCOFI 2-band Modified Cubic (3)與OC4-P6兩種演算法的特點,發展出OC4-P6.1的水色模式:
〔TSM〕=10^((-12.0915)+107.922*R-376.1157*R2+673.6487*R3-663.3563*R4+342.2291*R5-72.4297 *R6),此處R=Log(Rrs443+ Rrs490+ Rrs510/ Rrs555) <註二>,決定係數r²=0.9724。
關鍵字:葉綠素甲、總懸浮物質、光譜特性、海洋水色、生物光學演算模式、專家系統、東海海域
註一. Rrs443> Rrs490> Rrs510之定義為三個波段之遙測反射率取最大值。
註二. Rrs443+ Rrs490+ Rrs510之定義為三個波段之遙測反射率的值相加總。

Abstract
The East China Sea is one of the importmant territorial waters on the earth. Past study showed that it is available and effective to use satellites for detecting the distribution of phytoplankton in the sea. Therefore, we plan to build the ocean color model in the first, as well as calculate the concentration of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter accurately by the optical spectrum from remote sensing. To build the ocean color model is difficult, because it is hard to collect in-situ data, and the analytical process is complicated. To improve this problem, we recommend an idea of Expert System and applicate to ocean color observing, to differentiate the best bio-optical algorithms model which can be applied to the East China Sea.
The result has proved the availability to use Expert System to differentiate the bio-optical algorithms model. The OC4-P6 shown as follow is the best model to differentiate the concentration of chlorophyll-a.
〔Chl-a〕=10^(0.0566+0.7552*R-10.78559*R2+23.1007*R3-59.4816*R4+100.0055*R5-57.1707*R6), R=Log(Rrs443> Rrs490> Rrs510/ Rrs555) <1>,r²=0.9754。
To differentiate the concentration of total suspended matter, due to its complex composition, we try to combine the characteristics of two models:CalCOFI 2-band Modified Cubic (3) and OC4-P6, to develop the new ocean color algorithm model - OC4-P6.1 shown as follow.
〔TSM〕=10^((-12.0915)+107.922*R-376.1157*R2+673.6487*R3-663.3563*R4+342.2291*R5-72.4297 *R6),R=Log(Rrs443+ Rrs490+ Rrs510/ Rrs555) <2>,r²=0.9724。
Keyword:chlorophyll-a、total suspended matter、optical spectrum characteristic、bio-optical algorithm model、ocean color、Expert System、East China Sea
<1> Rrs443> Rrs490> Rrs510 means the maximum value of the three bands.
<2> Rrs443+ Rrs490+ Rrs510 means the sum value of the three bands.

目 錄
目  錄………………………………………………………………….I
圖 目 錄……………………………………………………….….……IV
表 目 錄………………………………………………………………VII
略 語 表……………………………………………………….….……IX
符 號 表……………………………………………………….….……XI
摘 要……………………………………………………………..XIII
Abstract………………………………………………………………XIV
第一章 前言……………………………………………………..………1
1.1 研究背景………………………………………………….………1
1.1.1東海海域的地理環境與水文特性…………………..……….1
1.1.2 黑潮的海水特性……………………………………..………4
1.2 海洋水色遙測之研究發展……………………………….………5
1.2.1 國外海洋水色遙測之研究…………………………..………5
1.2.2 我國海洋水色遙測之研究…………………………………..7
1.3 專家系統的功用………………………………………………….8
1.4 研究動機與目的………………………………………………….9
第二章 材料與方法………………………………………….…..…….12
2.1 實驗調查概況……………………………………….…….…….12
2.2 葉綠素甲濃度的測定……………………………….……..……14
2.2.1 現場採樣………………………………………….…..…….14
2.2.2 測定方法………………………………………….…..…….15
2.2.3 儀器校正………………………………………….…..…….17
2.3 總懸浮物質濃度的測定…………………………….….……….18
2.3.1 現場採樣……………………………………………...…….18
2.3.2 總懸浮物重量分析…………………………………………20
2.4 品質保證與品質管制……………………………………...……20
2.4.1 葉綠素甲的品保與品管……………………………………21
2.4.2總懸浮物的品保與品管……………………………………21
2.5 海水中生物光學特性與解析方法……………………...………24
2.5.1 水中輻射照度的測量…………………………..…….…….24
2.5.2 標準化離水輻射亮度及遙測反射率的計算………..……..26
2.5.3 水中光譜衰減係數及光學深度的解析……………..……..27
2.5.4 葉綠素甲與總浮物濃度的計算……………………..……..30
2.6 海洋水色之模式演算法…………………………………..…….33
2.6.1 海洋水色演算法的起源…………………………..………..33
2.6.2 海洋水色演算法的發展……………………………………34
2.6.3 海洋水色演算法的應用……………………………………37
2.7 專家系統………………………………………………………...39
2.7.1 專家系統的概念……………………………………………39
2.7.2 專家系統的特性與架構……………………………………39
2.7.3 專家系統在海洋水色模式的應用…………………………42
2.7.4 專家系統的開發過程………………………………………42
第三章 結果與討論……………………………………………………49
3.1 衛星遙測東海海域之海洋水色….……………………. 49
3.2 葉綠素甲與總懸浮物的濃度分布…………………..……51
3.2.1 葉綠素甲的濃度與深度之關係……………………………51
3.2.2 總懸浮物的濃度與深度之關係……………………………54
3.3 海洋水色濃度之比較……………………………………57
3.3.1 不同權重的葉綠素甲濃度…………………………………58
3.3.2 不同權重的總懸浮物濃度…………………………………70
3.4 海洋水色演算模式之比較……………………………………...82
3.4.1 葉綠素甲濃度與波段比的關係……………………………84
3.4.2 總懸浮物濃度與波段比的關係……………………………85
3.5 專家系統分析結果之驗證……………………………………...88
第四章 結論……………………………………………………………94
參考文獻………………………………………………………………..97
謝  詞………………………………………………………………104
附 錄 一………………………………………………………………105

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