跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.140.84) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/15 03:39
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李宏泰
研究生(外文):Lee Hung-Tai
論文名稱:黑口發音肌生殖適應之季節變化
論文名稱(外文):Seasonal Changes of Sonic Muscle for Reproductive Adaptation in the Black Croaker Atrobucca nibe (Sciaenidae, Perciformes)
指導教授:黃寶貴
指導教授(外文):Huang Bao-Quey
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:黑口發音肌生殖發音組織化學生殖腺指數
外文關鍵詞:black croaker (Atrobucca nibe)sonic musclereproductionsound productionHistochemistryG.S.I.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:241
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究主要探討黑口發音肌之季節變動特性,並分別針對下列主題進行研究:
1.嗚音特性
黑口嗚音之頻率分佈於180~3000Hz,基頻為326.1±40.7 Hz。嗚音由2~7個脈波構成,其音距為80~360ms。音距與脈波數呈正相關(ANOVA, p < 0.05)。
2.發音肌構造
黑口發音肌僅見於雄魚,且與泳鰾相鄰屬於外生型。其肌纖維截面積(1522.6±307.4μm2, n=100)明顯小於腹壁肌纖維(t-test, P<0.05)。發音肌纖維內具中央核心(central core),肌微纖維與肌質網緊密相鄰呈帶狀交替排列,中央核心內及肌纖維周圍均有粒線體分佈。發音肌由兩種類型肌纖維(IIa and IIc)組成,Type IIa佔99%以上且截面積明顯較大(t-test, p<0.05)。
3.發音肌周年變化
發音肌長度及寬度未呈周年變動,唯厚度及重量則隨月別而改變。肌纖維截面積於5月時膨大(528.59 ±122.90μm2),10~12月則為最最小(127.37±9.36μm2)。膨大肌纖維,具明顯的中央核心及由肌質所構成之網狀結構。
4.生殖周年變動
雌雄魚生殖腺指數(G.S.I., Gonadosomatic Index)於3至5月間達高峰,卵巢及精巢分別含大量成熟卵細胞以及成熟精子。雌雄魚肝臟指數(H.S.I., Hepatiosomatic Index),均於3至5月間降至最低,隨後逐漸回升並維持穩定。唯雌魚H.S.I.值於12~2月有明顯上升趨勢,可能與卵黃前質合成有關。
黑口發音肌於生殖期呈現顯著的變化,有利於產生更大之嗚音。經由嗚音產生將有助於適應夜間低照度及河口高濁度等石首魚生殖時空特性達成生殖目的。因此,發音肌季節變化應為生殖上之適應。
The purpose of this study were to understand the seasonal change of sonic muscle in the black croaker (Atrobucca nibe) and some works have been done as follow:
(1) Characteristics of sound
The frequency of the call ranged from 180~3000 Hz with a fundamental frequency (326.1±40.7Hz). Each call consisted of a train of 2-7 pluses. The duration of each call was mainly ranged from 80~360ms correlated with the pulse number (ANOVA, p<0.05).
(2) Structure of sonic muscle
Extrinsic sonic muscles lying adjacent to the swimbladder were only found in the male black croaker. The C.S.A. (cross section area) of sonic muscle fibers was significantly smaller than those of abdominal muscle fiber (t-test P<0.05). A core-like structure (central core) and alternating ribbons of sarcoplasmic retuiculum and myofibrils were found in the cross section of sonic muscle fiber. The mitochondria distributed within the central core and around the peripheral of sonic muscle fiber. Two types of sonic muscle fiber (IIa, IIc) were identified and more than 99% of the sonic muscles were composed of Type IIa fibers.
(3) Annual variation of sonic muscle
The length and width of sonic muscle did not exhibit annual variation, but the thickness and weight of sonic muscle did. The C.S.A. of sonic muscle fiber increase to the highest value of 528.59±122.90μm2 in May and decrease to the lowest value of 127.37±9.36μm2 from October to December. Obvious central core and well developed sarcoplasmic reticulum were noted in hypertrophied sonic muscle fibers.
(4) Annunal cycle of gonad condition.
G.S.I.(Gonadosomatic Index) of both sex approached the peak value during March and May. Their gonadal development reveled the predominance of mature gametes. H.S.I. (Hepatosomatic Index) of both sexes inversely decreased to the lowest value during March to May and declined to a constant level. The female increased their H.S.I. abruptly during December and February may be due to the synthesis of vitellogenin in the liver.
Sonic muscle of black croaker varied significantly with the gonadal condition. The changes of sonic muscle in the spawning season will lead to increase sound amplitude that may be helpful for spawning success in the dim-light evening and high-turbidity inshore. Therefore, those seasonal changes of sonic muscle may be the adaptation for reproduction.
目錄
謝辭.........................................................(I)
目錄........................................................(II)
表目錄.....................................................(III)
圖目錄......................................................(IV)
照片目錄.....................................................(V)
中文摘要....................................................(VI)
英文摘要...................................................(VII)
前言.........................................................(1)
材料與方法...................................................(7)
結果........................................................(17)
討論........................................................(24)
參考文獻....................................................(33)
Tables......................................................(41)
Figures.....................................................(45)
Plates......................................................(53)
Appelt, D., V. Shen and C. Franzini-Armstron (1991). Quantitation of Ca ATPase, feet and mitochondria in superfast muscle fibres from the toadfish, Opsanus tau. J. Muscle Res. Cell Motility., 12: 543-552.
Barnard, J., V. R. Edgerton, T. Furukawa and J. B. Peter (1971). Histochemical, biochemical and contractile properties of red, white and intermediate fibers. Am. J. Physiol., 220: 410-414.
Barry, D. T. (1987). Acoustic signals from frog skeletal muscle. Biophys. J., 51: 769-773.
Bass, A. H. and M. A. Marchaterre (1989). Sound-generating (sonic) motor system in a teleost fish (Porichthys notatus): sexual polymorphism in the ultrastructure of myofibrils. J. Comp. Neurol., 286: 141-153.
Bone, Q. (1978). Locomotor muscle. In Fish physiology, Vol. 7. Edited by W. S. Hoar and D. J. Ranall. Academic Press, New York. pp. 361-417.
Brooke, M. H., E. Williamson and K. K. Kaiser (1971). The behavior of four fiber types in developing and reinnervated muscle. Arch. Neurol. (Chicago), 25: 360-366.
Brantley, R. K., J. C. Wingfield and A. H. Bass (1993). Androgen effects on vocal muscle structure in a teleost fish with inter- and intra-sexual dimorphism. J. Morphol., 216: 305-318.
Campbell, C. M. and D. R. Idler (1976). Hormonal control of vitellogenesis in hypophysectomized Winter Flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus Walbaum). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol., 28: 143-150.
Carepne, E., A. Veggetti, and F. Mascarello (1982). Histochemical fibre types in the lateral muscle of fishes from fresh, brackish and salt water. J. Fish Biol., 20: 379-396.
Chen, S. F., B. Q. Huang and Y. Y. Chien (1998). Histochemical characteristics of sonic muscle fibers in tigerperch, Terapon jarbua. Zool. Stud., 37: 56-62.
Chen, S. F and B. Q. Huang (2000). Cytochemical profiles and quantitative analysis of fiber types in trunk muscle of Tigerperch, Terapon jarbua. Zool. Stud., 39: 28-37.
Chu, C. C., S. F. Chen and B. Q. Huang (1997). The functional morphology of fiber types in the thornfish, Terapon jarbua sonic muscle. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan, 24: 21-31.
Connaughton, M. A.and M. H. Taylor (1994). Seasonal cycles in the sonic muscles of the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis. Fish. Bull., 92: 697-702.
Connaughton, M. A. and M. H. Taylor (1995a). Seasonal and daily cycles in sound production associated with spawning in the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis. Environ. Biol. Fish., 42: 233-240.
Connaughton, M. A. and M. H. Taylor (1995b). Effects of exogenous testosterone on sonic muscles of the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis. Gen Comp. Endocrinol., 100: 238-245.
Connaughton, M. A.and M. H. Taylor (1996). Drumming courtship and spawning behavior in captive weakfish, Cynoscion regalis. Copeia., 1996: 195-199.
Connaughton, M. A., M. L. Fine and M. H. Taylor (1997). The effects of seasonal hypertrophy and atrophy on fiber morphology, metabolic substrate concentration and sound characteristics of the weakfish sonic muscle. J. Exp. Biol., 200: 2499-2457.
Connaughton, M. A., M. L. Fine and M. H. Taylor (2000). Effects of fish size and temperature on weakfish disturbance calls: implications ofr the mechanism of sound generation. J. Exp. Biol., 203: 1503-1512.
Demski, L. S., Gerald, J. W. and Popper, A. N. (1973). Central and peripheral mechanisms of teleost sound production. Am. Zool., 13: 1141-1167.
Dijkgraaf, S. (1947). A sound producing fish in the Naples aquarium. Experientia, 3: 493-494.
Dubowitz, V. (1985). Muscle Biopsy: a practical approach, 2nd edn P.41-81. Bailliere Tindall.
Fawcett, D. W. and J. P. Revel (1961). The sarcoplasmic reticulum of a fast-acting fish muscle. J. Biophys. Biochem. Cytol., 10: 89-109.
Fernandez, D. A., J. Calvo, C. E. Franklin and I. A. Johnston (2000). Muscle fibre types and size distribution in sub-antarctic notothenioid fishes. J. Fish Biol., 56: 1295-1311.
Fine, M. L. (1978). Seasonal and geographical variation of the mating call of the oyster toadfish Opsanus tau L. Oecologia, 36(1): 45-47.
Fine, M. L. (1997). Endocrinology of sound production in fishes. Mar. Fresh. Behav. Physiol., 29: 23-45.
Fine, M. L. and K. R. Pennypacker (1986). Hormonal basis for sexual dimorphism of the sound producing apparatus of the oyster toadfish. Exp. Neurol., 92: 289-298.
Fine, M. L. and K. R. Pennypacker (1988). Histochemical typing of sonic muscle from the oyster toadfish. Copeia., 1988: 130-134.
Fine, M. L., K. R. Pennypacker, K. A. Drummond and C. R. Blem (1986). Concentration and location of metabolic substrates in fast toadfish sonic muscle. Copeia., 1986: 910-915.
Fine, M. L., N. M. Burns and T. M. Harris (1990). Ontogeny and sexual dimorphism of sonic muscle in the oyster toadfish. Can. J. Zool., 68: 1374-1381.
Fine, M. L., B. Bernard and T. M. Harris (1993). Functional morphology of toadfish sonic muscle fibers: Relationship to possible fiber division. Can. J. Zool., 71: 2262-2274.
Frangioni, J. V., T. S. Kwan-Gett., L. E. Dobrunz and T. A.
McMahon (1987). The mechanism of low-frequency sound production in muscle. Biophys. J., 51: 774-783.
Gill, H. S., A. H. Weatherley, R. Lee and D. Legere (1989). Histochemical characterization of myotomal muscle of five teleost species. J. Fish Biol., 34: 375-386.
Guest, W. C. and Lasswell, J. L. (1978). A note on courtship behavior and sound production of red drum. Copeia., 1978: 337-338.
Higgins, P. J. (1990). The histochemistry of muscle in juvenile Atlantic salmon. Salmo salar L. J. Fish Biol., 37: 521-529.
Hill, G. L., M. L. Fine and J. A. Musick (1987). Ontogeny of the sexually dimorphic sonic muscle in three sciaenid species. Copeia, 3:708-713.
Holt, G. J., S. A. Holt and C. R. Arnold (1985). Diel periodicity of spawning in sciaenids. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 27(1-2): 1-7.
Jasra, P. K., C. L. Talesara and S. Kiran (1991). Polymorphism of myofibrillar proteins in histochemically identified myotomal muscle fibre types of Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch) and Labeo rohita (Hamilton). J. Fish Biol., 38: 165-173.
Johnson, M. S., T. D. Waybright., D. W. Matt., J. J. Feher and
M. L. Fine (2000). Absence of a seasonal cycle in the sonic neuromuscular system of the oyster toadfish. J. Fish Biol., 56: 211-215.
Kilarski, W. (1990). Histochemical characterization of myotomal muscle in the roach, Rutilus rutilus(L.). J. Fish Biol., 36: 353-362.
Korneliussen, H., H. A. Dahl and J. D. Paulsen (1978). Histochemical definition of muscle fibre types in the trunk musculature of a teleost fish (cod, Gadus morhua, L.). Histochemistry, 55: 1-16.
Lobel, P. S (1992). Sound produced by spawning fishes. Environ. Biol. Fish., 33: 351-358.
Loesser, K. E., J. Rafi and M. L. Fine (1997). Embryonic, juvenile,and adult development of the toadfish sonic muscle. Anat. Rec., 249: 469-477.
Mascarello, F., A. Rowlerson, G. Radaelli, P-A. Scapolo and A. Veggetti (1995). Differentiation and growth of muscle in the fish Sparus aurata (L): 1. Myosin expression and organization of fibre types in lateral muscle from hatching to adult. J. Muscle Res. Cell Motility., 16: 213-222.
Mok, H. K. and R. G. Gilmore (1983). Analysis of sound production in estuarine aggregations of Pogonias cromis, Bairdiella chrysoura and Cynoscion nebulosus (Sciaenidae). Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin., 22: 157-186.
Myrberg, A. A. (1981). "Sound communication and interception in fishes," in Hearing and Sound Communication in Fishes, edited by W. N. Tavolga, A. N. Popper, and R. R. Fay (Springer-Verlag, New York), pp. 395-425.
Nathanailides, C., O. Lopez-Albors and N. C. Stickland (1995). Temperature- and developmentally-induced variation in the histochemical profile of myofibrillar ATPase activity in carp. J. Fish Biol., 47: 631-640.
Odense, P. H., C. M. Morrison and P. Rombough. (1978). The morphology and lactate dehydrogenase patterns of the sound muscle of the haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinnus). Can. J. Zool., 56: 1312-1326.
Ono, R. D. and S. G. Poss (1982). Structure and innervation of the swimbladder musculature in the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis (Teleostei:Sciaenidae). Can. J. Zool., 60: 1955-1967.
Oster, G. and J. S. Jaffe (1980). Low frequency sounds from sustained contraction of human skeletal muscle. Biophys. J., 30: 119-127.
Pottinger, T. G. and A. D. Pickering (1985). The effects of 11-ketotestosterone and testosterone on the skin structure of brown trout, Salmo trutta, L. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol., 59: 335-342.
Raso, D. S. (1991). A study of the peripheral innervation and muscle fibre types of Ictalurus nebulosus (Lesueur) and Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque). J. Fish Biol., 39: 409-419.
Saucier H. M. and D. M. Baltz (1993). Spawning site selection by spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus, and black drum,
Pogonias cromis, in Louisiana. Exp. Biol. Fish., 36: 257-272.
Schneider, H. (1967). Morphology and physiology of sound-producing mechanisms in teleost fishes. In Marine Bio-acoustics, Vol. 2. W. N. Tavolga, eds., Pergamon Press, New York.
Sundararaj, B. I. and P. Nath. (1981). Steroid-induced synthesis of vitellogenin in the catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol., 43(2): 201-210.
Takemura, A., T. Takita., and K. Mizue. (1978). Studies on the underwater sound-VII. Underwater call of the Japanese marine drum fishes (Sciaenidae). Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish., 44(2):121-125.
Tavolga, W. N. (1971). Acoustic orientation in the sea catfish,
Galeichthys felis. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 188: 80-97.
Tower, R. W. (1908). The production of sound in the drumfishes, the sea-robin and the toadfish. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 18: 149-180.
Tracy, H. C. (1959). Stages in the development of the anatomy of motility of the toadfish (Opsanus tau). J. Comp. Neurol., 111: 27-81.
Walsh, P. J., C. Bedolla and T. P. Mommsen (1989). Scaling and sex-related differences in toadfish (Opsanus beta) sonic muscle enzyme activities. Bull. Mar. Sci., 45: 68-75.
Walsh, P. J., T. P. Mommsen and A. H. Bass (1995). "Biochemical and molecular aspects of singing in batrachoidid fishes" in Biochemistry and molecular biology of fishes, Vol. 4, edited by P. W. Hochachka and T. P. Mommsen. Elsevier Press, New York. pp. 279-289.
Wiegand, M. D. and R. F. Peter (1980). Effects of salmon gonadotrophin (SG-G100) on plasma lipids in the goldfish, Carassius auratus. Can. J. Zool., 58: 957-966.
林淵智(2001). 烏魚骨骼肌發育之組織生化特性。國立台灣海洋大學漁業科學研究所碩士論文,65頁。
杜美惠(1991). 花身雞魚Terapon jarbua (Forskal, 1975)發音肌肉細胞的特徵。國立中山大學海洋生物研究所碩士論文。
邵廣昭‧陳天任‧賴景陽‧何平和‧柳芝蓮‧陳章波 (1996). 台灣常見魚介貝類圖說(下)─魚類,181頁。
翁進坪(1989). 花身雞魚音響生態之研究。國立台灣海洋學院漁業研究所
碩士學位論文,78頁。
翁進坪(2000). 日本銀身魚或 Argyrosomus japonicus (Sciaenidae)生物聲學之研究。國立台灣海洋大學漁業科學研究所博士學位論文,144頁。
黃貴民(1982). 台灣龜山島附近海域產黑口之漁業生物學研究。國立台灣海洋學院漁業研究所碩士學位論文,53頁。
蔡政南(1993). 臺灣東港附近海域黑口之年齡與成長。國立台灣海洋大學漁業科學研究所碩士學位論文,51頁。
葉純甫(1998). 發育階段日本鰻體側肌纖維之組織化學特性。國立台灣海洋大學漁業科學研究所碩士學位論文,48頁。
劉發火宣、陳金城(1954). 臺灣北部黑口之調查。中國水產,24: 23-45.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 陳忠志(民80)。韓國資訊普及教育與電腦輔導教學之現況。資訊與教育,24,19-25頁。
2. 吳正己(民90)。從英特爾e教師計畫談資訊融入教學。資訊與教育,85,15-21頁。
3. 林清江(民86)。教育改革的前景。竹縣文教,14,4-10頁。
4. 楊美雪(民85)。由教學設計觀點論需求評估的模式與內涵。教學科技與媒體,26,29-35頁。
5. 楊仁興(民90)。國民小學教師科技及資訊素養基本能力之研究。花蓮師院學報,12,75-105頁。
6. 張德銳(民88)。從九年一貫課程改革談師資培育機構因應策略。教育研究資訊,1(7),33-38頁。
7. 張雅芳、徐加玲(民87)。從系統的觀點規劃教師資訊素養之專業發展。教學科技與媒體,40(3),3-11頁。
8. 韓善民(民90)。我國資訊教育發展現況與展望。資訊與教育雜誌,81,7-12頁。
9. 謝應裕(民88)。多元師資培育如何因應九年一貫新課程教學之探討。高中教育,4,13-17頁。
10. 杜榮珠、王美智(民83)。電腦在教學上的應用--美國中小學電腦教學最新概況。資訊與教育,44,37-41頁。
11. 汪富明(民87)。國小資訊教育的教材與教法。資訊與教育雜誌,64,45-64頁。
12. 李雪莉(民89)。教師運用資訊網路能力調查。天下雜誌,64-102。
13. 韓善民(民86)。我國資訊教育現況與展望。技術及職業教育,38,54-58頁。
14. 歐用生(民86)。國小師資培育制度和課程的改革。教育資料集刊,22,155-178頁。
15. 廖清森(民82)。高雄市國民小學資訊教育實施現況。資訊與教育,38,49-50頁。