跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.172.223.251) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/16 23:20
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:林伯熔
研究生(外文):Po-Jung Lin
論文名稱:基隆河高速游泳魚類之游泳運動
指導教授:黃寶貴謝寬永謝寬永引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bao-Quey HuangKuan-Yung Hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:最大游泳速度游泳運動臺灣鏟魚臺灣石平尾鰭擺動
外文關鍵詞:Maximum Swimming SpeedFish LocomotionVaricorhinus barbatulusAcrossocheilus paradoxusZacco platypusTail Beat
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:540
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:46
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘 要
台灣鏟魚(Varicorhinus barbatulus,苦花)、台灣石 (Acrossocheilus paradoxus,石斑)及平 (Zacco platypus,溪哥)三種為本省河川中最常見高游泳性之魚種。為瞭解其游泳運動方式與能力,利用環流水槽及高速攝影系統來進行實驗。結果發現台灣鏟魚、台灣石及平尾鰭擺動頻率(tail beat frequency)均會隨著游泳速度提高而增加,兩者並呈直線關係;但尾鰭擺動幅度(tail beat amplitude)並沒有明顯的變化,其擺幅範圍分別界於0.14(BL)∼0.18(BL)、0.16(BL)∼0.18(BL)及0.14(BL)∼0.18(BL) 之間。游泳時由於魚體軸(body axis)之各部分其波動係由吻端向尾端傳遞,故各部位擺動之波形會有相位差,而魚體各部位體軸擺幅最大值均出現在尾鰭末端,而最小值則同樣在自吻端算起之體長前四分之一處。最大耐久速度(maximum swimming speed)之測量係使用控溫式封閉環流水槽來進行。台灣鏟魚最大耐久速度隨著溫度增加呈現明顯遞增之趨勢;但超過了16℃,最大耐久速度逐漸下降。而平在體長15cm以下的魚,其最大耐久速度出現在22∼25℃左右,而15cm以上的魚其最大耐久速度則是位於25∼28℃附近,相較於臺灣鏟魚之16℃及台灣石之19℃,平之適合水溫顯然較高。由結果得知,三種樣本魚之紅肌比例,由吻端算起之魚體長25%至85%部分呈現逐漸增加的趨勢。由於魚類游泳時主要依賴尾鰭擺動以達到前進之目的,而紅肌比例多寡與魚類之游泳能力有關(Greer-Walker and Pull, 1975; Batty, 1984),故此三種樣本魚類游泳前進時負責尾鰭擺動之部分,相當於體長85%部分之位置;其紅肌比例以臺灣鏟魚最高,平均值為10.1± 0.2%,其次為台灣石之9.7± 0.1%,最小為平之7.8± 0.2%,此結果亦與游泳能力成正相關。

ABSTRACT
Varicorhinus barbatulus, Acrossocheilus paradoxus, and Zacco platypus, are fishes that are commonly found in the mid-stream of rivers in the western Taiwan. To understand their swimming behavior and capacity, a circular tank with a high-speed video camera system was used in the study. The result showed that tail beat frequency of those fishes was linearly increasing with the swimming speed. However, the tail beat amplitude of the fishes had only minor changes, ranging from 0.14(BL) to 0.18(BL), 0.16(BL) to 0.18(BL), and 0.14(BL) to 0.18(BL), respectively. Wave transmitted from the nose tip to the tail end along the body axis. The wave caused by the swing of body had a phase lag. For the fishes, the largest amplitude of body axis occurred on the tail end and the smallest amplitude occurred on a quarter of the body length.
For Varicorhinus barbatulus, the maximum sustained swimming speed was increasing with water temperature and the speed reached maximum at 16℃. As water temperature was over 16℃, the maximum sustained swimming speed declined. For Acrossocheilus paradoxus, the critical water temperature occurred at 19℃. For Zacco platypus, the maximum sustained speed was between 22℃ and 25℃ for body size under 15 cm and between 25℃ and 28℃ for body size over 15cm. The ratio of red to white muscle was increasing on the positions between 25% and 28% of the body length for the fishes. On the position of 85% of body length, the Varicorhinus barbatulus had the highest ratio of red to white muscle with averaged at 10.1± 0.2%, Acrossocheilus paradoxus had a ratio at next with averaged at 9.7± 0.1%, and Zacco platypus had the smallest ratio value with averaged at 7.8± 0.2%. These values positively correlated to their sustained swimming speed.

目 錄
摘要……………………………………………………………………………
1. 前言………………………………………………………………………1 2. 材料與方法 ……………………………………………………………6
2-1樣本魚之處理……………………………………………………………6
2-2游泳運動實驗……………………………………………………………7
2-2-1實驗設備……….………………………………………………………7
2-2-2 尾鰭擺動頻率(TBF)及擺幅(AMP)之量測……………………………8
2-2-3影像分析………………………………………………………………9
2-2-4體軸變化之量測………………………………………………………9
2-3不同溫度下最大游泳速度之實驗………………………………………10
2-3-1實驗設備…………….…………………………………………………10
2-3-2最大耐久速度之測量.…………………………………………………10
2-4 體側肌之取樣……………………………………………………………11
3. 結果………………………………………………………………………13
3-1尾鰭擺動頻率(tail beats/sec)………………………………………13
3-2尾鰭擺動幅度(tail amplitude)………………………………………14
3-3體軸(body axis)擺動與游泳速度之關係……………………………15
3-4最大耐久速度與水溫變化之關係………………………………………17
3-5魚體各部分體側肌中紅肌所佔之比例…………………………………19
4. 討論………………………………………………………………………22
5. 參考文獻…………………………………………………………………28

參考文獻
李德旺 (1998). 台東縣的河川魚類。台灣省特有生物研究保育中心,79頁。
李德旺 (1999). 花蓮縣的河川魚類。台灣省特有生物研究保育中心,96頁。
沈世傑.李信徹.邵廣昭.莫顯蕎.陳春暉.陳哲聰 (1993). 臺灣魚類誌。國立台灣大學動物學系,960頁。
邵廣昭 (1997). 宜蘭縣魚類資源。行政院農業委員會,144頁。
曾晴賢 (1990). 臺灣淡水魚(Ι)。行政院農業委員會,136頁。
詹見平 (1996). 台中縣大甲溪魚類誌。台灣省政府教育廳,248頁。
Anderson, M. E. and I. A. Johnston (1992). Scaling of power output in fast muscle fibres of the Atlantic cod during cyclical contractions. J. Expt. Biol., 170: 143-154.
Barnard, J., V. R. Edgerton, T. Furukawa and J. B. Peter (1971). Histochemical, biochemical and contractile properties of red, white and intermediate fibers. Am. J. Physiol., 220: 410-414.
Batty, R. S. (1984). Development of swimming movements and musculature of larval herring (clupea harengus). J. Expt. Biol., 110: 217-229.
Batty, R. S. and J. H. S. Blaxter (1992). The effect of temperature on the burst swimming performance of fish larvae. J. Expt. Biol., 170: 187-201.
Beamish, F. W. H. (1964). Respiration of fishes with special emphasis on standard oxygen consumption. Can. J. Zool., 42: 177-187.
Beamish, F. W. H. (1978). Swimming capacity. In Fish Physiology, (W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall, eds.). Academic Press, New york, 101-189.
Beamish, F. W. H., J. C. Howlett and T. E. Medland (1989). Impact of diet on metabolism and swimming performance in juvenile lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 46: 384-388.
Blake, R. W. (1983). Fish locomotion. Cambridge University press, Cambridge, 208pp.
Brett, J. R. and D. B. Sutherland (1965). Respiratory metabolism of pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus) in relation to swimming speed. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., 22: 405-409.
Brett, J. R. and N. R. Glass (1973). Metabolic rates and critical swimming speeds of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in relation to size and temperature. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., 30: 179-187.
Curtin, N. A. and R. C. Woledge (1988). Power output and force-velocity relationship of live fibres from white myotomal muscle of the dogfish, Scyliorhinus Canicula.
J. Expt. Biol., 140: 187-197.
Dizon, A. E., W. H. Neill and J. J. Magnuson (1977). Rapid temperature compensation of volitional swimming speeds and lethal temperatures in tropical tunas (Scombridae). Env. Biol. Fish.,. 2: 83-92.
Dubois, A. B. and C. S. Ogilvy (1978). Forces on the tail surface of swimming fish: thrust , drag and acceleration in bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix). J. Expt. Biol., 77: 225-241.
Gill, H. S., A. H. Weather, R. Lee and D. Legere (1989). Histochemical characterization of myotomal muscle of five teleost species. J. Fish. Biol., 34: 375-386.
Greer-Walker, M. and G. A. Pull (1975). A survey of red and white muscles in marine fish. J. Fish Biol., 7: 295-300.
Higgins, P. J. and J. E. Thorpe (1990). Hyperplasis and hypertrophy in the growth of skeletal musclein juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. J. Fish Biol., 37: 505-519.
Hiraishi, T., K. Yamamoto, K. Nashimoto and O. Sato (1984). Body form of rainbow trout swimming in the steady flow. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish., 50(6): 951-958.
Hoyle, J., H. S. Gill and A. H. Weatherly (1986). Histochemical characterization of myotomal muscle in the grass pickerel, Esix americanus vermiculatus (LeSeuer), and the muskellunge, E. masquinongy (Mitchell). J. Fish Biol., 28: 393-401.
Jobling, M. (1994). Fish bioenergetics. Chapman and Hall, London, 309pp.
Johnston, I. A. (1977). A comparative study of glycolysis in red and white muscle of the trout (Salmo gairdneri) and mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio). J. Fish Biol., 11: 575-588.
Kamler, E. (1992). Early life history of fish. Chapman and Hall, London, 267pp.
Kaufmann, R. and W. Wieser (1992). Influence of temperature and ambient oxygen on the swimming energetics of cyprinid larvae and juveniles. Env. Biol. Fish., 33: 87-95.
Koch, F. and W. Wieser (1983). Partitioning of energy in fish : can reduction of swimming activity compensate for the cost of production? J. Expt. Biol., 107: 141-146.
Lindsey, C. C. (1978). Form, function, and locomotory habits in fish. In Fish Physiology, (W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall, eds.). Academic Press, New york, 1-100.
Priede, I. G. (1985). Metabolic scope in fishes. In Fish Energetics, (P. Tytler and P. Calow, eds.). The Johns Hopkins university press, Great Britain, 33-66.
Proctor, C., P. R. L. Mosse and R. C. L. Hudson (1980). A histochemical and ultrastructural study of the development of the propulsive musculature of the brown trout, Salmo trutta L., in relation to its swimming behaviour. J. Fish Biol., 16: 309-329.
Puckett, K. J. and L. M. Dill (1984). Cost of sustained and burst swimming to juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 41: 1546-1551.
Reidy, S. P., J. A Nelson, Y. Tang and S. R. Kerr (1995). Post-exercise metabolic rate in Atlantic cod and its dependence upon the method of exhaustion. J. Fish Biol., 47: 377-386.
Stevens, E. D. (1979). The effect of temperature on tail beat frequency of fish swimming at constant velocity. Can. J. Zool., 57: 1628-1635.
Tsukamoto, K. (1984). Contribution of the red and white muscle to the power output required for swimming by the Yellow tail. Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish., 50(12): 2031-2042.
Videler, J. J. and F. Hess (1984). Fast continuous swimming of two pelagic predators, saithe (Pollachius virens) and mackerel (Scomber scombrus) : A kinematic analysis.
J. Expt. Biol., 109: 209-228.
Videler, J. J. (1993). Fish swimming. Chapman and Hall, London, 260pp.
Wardle, C. S. and P. He (1988). Burst swimming speeds of mackerel, Scomber scombrus L. J. Fish Biol., 32: 471-478.
Webb, P. W. (1971). The swimming energetics of trout. J. exp. Biol., 55: 490-520
Webb, P. W. (1982). Locomotor patterns in the evolution of actinopterygian fishes. Am. Zool., 22: 329-342.
Webb, P. W. and P. T. Kostecki (1984). The effect of size and swimming speed on locomotor kinematics of rainbow trout. J. Expt. Biol., 109: 77-95.
Wootton, R. J. (1992). Fish ecology. Chapman and Hall, New York, 212pp.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top