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研究生(外文):Pan, Chien-An
論文名稱(外文):Comparison of ant community composition on the ground of two types of habitat in Fushan experimental forest
指導教授(外文):Wu, Wen-Jer
外文關鍵詞:Fushanantcommunity composition
  • 被引用被引用:10
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For comparing the ant community composition the ant species were sampled by pitfall traps quantitatively from two different habitats, the forest and an artificial open area among Fushan experimental forest, from August 2000 to July 2001. Overall, 5 subfamilies, 31 genera and 53 species of ants were collected. Forty-five species were collected on the ground of the open area, while only 31 species were collected on forest floor. The species richness and abundance of the ant were higher in the open area, and Shannon coefficient of diversity and evenness were similar between two habitats. The species assemblage of the ant was analyzed by functional group method. The ratio of two functional groups, the competition group and disturbance group, was higher in the open area suggested that the effect of artificial removal of original plantation was similar to the effect of natural formation of treefall gaps, which may increase disturbance and available resources. Lower similarity of ant community composition were found between two sampling plots with more distance, but the ant community composition were not evidently different between these two habitats.
目錄 i
表次 iii
圖次 iv
附錄次 v
壹、 前言 1
貳、 往昔研究 3
一、螞蟻概述 3
二、螞蟻與環境間的關係 5
三、影響螞蟻群聚組成的因素 8
四、螞蟻群聚組成研究與應用 12
參、 材料與方法 15
一、福山地區環境概述 15
二、選取樣區與取樣點設置 16
(一)、取樣陷阱設置 16
(二)、取樣區設置 17
1. 開闊地地表 17
2. 森林地表 19
三、功能群分析 20
四、螞蟻捕獲量與氣候因子的相關性分析 21
五、取樣點相似度分析 22
肆、 結果 23
一、調查結果 23
二、樣區間比較 25
三、功能群分析 27
四、調查結果月份變化 29
五、取樣點相似度分析 33
伍、 討論 34
一、採集效果 34
二、開闊地與森林林下螞蟻群聚組成的差異 34
三、功能群分析 36
四、取樣點相似度分析 36
陸、 引用文獻 38
柒、 附錄 45
捌、 誌謝 56
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