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研究生:李政衛
研究生(外文):ChengWei,Li
論文名稱:切削麻時效鋼表面缺陷之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Finished Surface Damage in Turning Maraging Steel
指導教授:廖運炫
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:機械工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:麻時效鋼表面缺陷認口積屑毛邊
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麻時效鋼是一種以低碳麻田散鐵為基材,經熱處理析出金屬間化合物來達到時效硬化的高強度、高韌性合金鋼。麻時效鋼加工後,在加工完成面會殘留鱗片狀缺陷,影響加工完成面品質。經實驗結果發現,鱗片狀缺陷的形成,起因於刃口積屑,刀具的刃口積屑堆積使得刀鼻圓角半徑增加,造成在刀具鼻端與工件接觸點附近的切屑厚度小於最小未變形切屑厚度而無切削作用,同時局部的高壓力與高切削溫度使得殘留材料被擦磨而在刀腹面與加工面間發生材料側向流動的現象,導致進給紋路邊緣有毛邊產生,會在加工完成面上殘留鱗片狀缺陷。此外,切削速度的提昇會形成鋸齒狀切屑(Saw-Tooth Chip),該切屑的兩邊呈特殊地鋸齒狀(Serration)外形,使得切屑兩自由邊緣與刀具接觸不均勻,形成不均勻的接觸應力,易導致刀具有切屑外緣刻痕磨耗的發生。

Maraging steel, which exhibits combination of strength and toughness, is an alloy steel of low-carbon martensite hardened by precipitation. The scale-surface damage often remains on freshly machined surface when solution-treated and aged 18﹪Ni maraging steel is machined. This kind of damage downgrades the quality of the machined surface. It is found from experiment that scale-surface damage is attributed to the “built-up edge”, which is generated under certain cutting speed ranges in machining process. Formation of built-up edge causes an increase of tool nose radius, and the chip thickness is reduced as a result. The residual material is squeezed between the flank face of tool and the machined surface of workpiece, when chip thickness close to trailing edge is less than the minimum undeformed chip thickness under high temperature and stress. The “squeezing” thereafter leads to burrs formed on the feed mark ridges and scale-surface damage caused on the freshly machined surface. In addition, the saw-tooth chip that has the specific chip edge serration is formed with an increase of cutting speed. The serration at the free surface of chip causes unbalanced stress on the tool resulting in the happening of outer metal chip notch wear.

誌謝 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
符號說明 X
第一章 導論 1
1-1研究動機 1
1-2文獻回顧 1
1-3本文目的 4
1-4本文內容 4
第二章 相關理論 6
2-1麻時效鋼之材料特性與應用 6
2-1-1 麻時效鋼的分類 6
2-1-2 麻時效鋼的熱處理 7
2-1-3 麻時效鋼的特性 9
2-1-4 麻時效鋼的應用範圍 11
2-2切削力學 12
2-3磨耗理論 18
2-4表面粗造度的表示法 23
2-4-1 表面組織定義 24
2-4-2 表面粗糙度的表示法 25
2-5 毛邊種類 27
第三章 實驗設備與方法 29
3-1實驗設備 29
3-2實驗方法 34
第四章 實驗結果與討論 37
4-1刀具磨耗機制 37
4-1-1 切屑外緣刻痕磨耗 38
4-2-2 刃口積屑 42
4-2 完工表面型態 48
4-2-1 毛邊形成機制 51
第五章 結論與建議 57
參考文獻 59
作者簡介 63

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