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研究生:楊姮稜
研究生(外文):Yang, Heng-Leng
論文名稱:畜主對畜犬行為發展之影響研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of the influences of owner discipline behaviors on dogs'' behavioral development
指導教授:賴秀穗賴秀穗引用關係謝雨生謝雨生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lai, Shiow-SueyHsieh, Yeu-Sheng
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:獸醫學研究所
學門:獸醫學門
學類:獸醫學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:209
中文關鍵詞:畜主教養行為幼犬行為發展
外文關鍵詞:owner discipline behaviorpuppybehaivoral development
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為瞭解畜主對幼犬行為發展的影響及確認畜主教養行為與畜犬品種的交互作用在對幼犬行為發展影響中所扮演的角色,本研究針對畜主使用郵寄問卷長時間多次追蹤特定幼犬成長過程中的行為變化。以多元迴歸分析影響「畜主教養態度」的變項,以邏輯迴歸分析「畜主教養行為」、「畜犬行為表現」及「行為問題」發生與否的影響因子,其中「畜主教養行為」及「畜犬行為表現」皆依畜犬的年齡分成兩個階段來進行分析。透過動物醫院及網路共徵得240隻幼犬參與,經過約一年的追蹤後得到187份有效樣本。分析結果發現畜主情緒越不穩定,表現的教養主導性傾向就越積極;「女性畜主」及先前具有養狗經驗的畜主也較有信心可以教好家中的畜犬。「畜主教養行為」(環境代理變項)的分析發現,除了得到畜主採用的教養方式具有時間延續性的結果外,其餘包括「畜主情緒穩定性」、「對畜犬知識」、「養狗動機」、「養狗經驗」及「畜主教養態度」等變項對教養行為都沒有顯著影響。在「畜犬行為表現」方面,畜犬4至5月齡時由於畜犬尚年幼,且多數剛進入畜主家中沒多久,所以自變項於畜犬的八項行為表現(領域行為、支配行為、追逐行為、吠叫行為、依附行為、破壞行為、不服從行為及恐懼行為)多數呈現不顯著的結果。到了8至12月齡時,「畜主教養行為」屬威信型者,畜犬較容易表現出「吠叫行為」及「破壞行為」,此外「畜主教養行為」與「畜犬品種類型」之交互作用項則對「領域行為」及「不服從行為」產生顯著影響。至於行為問題的發生率調查,8至12月齡畜犬最常發生的「行為問題」是「吠叫行為問題」(54.5%)、「破壞行為問題」(44.8%)及「領域行為問題」(41.4%)。其中「畜主教養行為」屬於威信型者所教養的犬隻較容易罹患「領域行為問題」、「吠叫行為問題」及「破壞行為問題」,然而寬容型的畜主則容易教養出具有「不服從行為問題」之犬隻。此外「畜主教養行為」與「畜犬品種類型」之交互作用項,對「吠叫行為問題」、「破壞行為問題」及「不服從行為問題」具有顯著影響效果。其他行為問題如「追逐行為問題」與「分離躁鬱症」主要是受到基因因素(畜犬品種)的影響,「恐懼行為問題」則受到控制變項中之「畜犬性別」的影響,至於「支配行為問題」則在本研究中未獲得受到基因因素或環境因素影響的結果。由本研究結果可以得知,環境因素與基因因素對於畜犬行為表現及行為問題表現的影響,會因行為或行為問題種類的不同而有所不同。
In order to understand the influences of owner’s discipline behavior and the genetic effects on puppy’s behavioral development, this study was designed with a long-term tracking, multiple mailing surveys for puppies and owners. Multiple regression analysis was used to evaluate variables that can influence owners’ attitude on discipline behavior, whereas logistic regression analysis was employed in the analysis of owner discipline behavior, puppy’s general behavioral expressions, and behavioral problems. Primarily 240 puppies from 6 veterinary hospitals and the Internet were investigated via questionnaires, and finally 187 cases were involved in this study during one-year follow-up. The results of the analyzing the owner’s attitude on discipline behavior show that the effect of owner’s sex, mood stability, and previous dog-rearing experiences are statistically significant. Female owners and owners who had previous dog-rearing practices show more confidence in current discipline behavior. The less stable of the owner’s mood is, the more commanded of his/her attitude on discipline behavior is. Except the variable of owner’s previous discipline behavior patterns, there are no other variables showing statistical significances on discipline behavior. Furthermore, the results of logistic regression analysis on the eight behaviors of puppies (territorial behavior, dominant behavior, predatory behavior, vocalization behavior, attachment behavior, destructive behavior, disobedient behavior, and fear-related behavior) reveals that most of the parameters were not significant when puppies were only four to five months old. This may be due to the relatively short duration of owner-puppy interaction. While in the age of eight to twelve months old, puppies with authoritative owners express vocalization behavior, and destructive behavior more frequently. After the cross-reaction of owner’s discipline behavior and the genetic factors (breeds), the frequency of puppy’s expressions of territorial behavior and disobedient behavior is significantly higher. Most common behavioral problems of dogs in the age of eight to twelve months were excessive barking problem (54.5%), destructive problem (44.8%), and territorial aggression (41.4%). Dogs with authoritative disciplines express territorial aggression, excessive barking problem, or destructive problem more frequently, whereas dogs with permissive owners express disobedient problem more frequently. After the cross-reaction with genetic factors, the statistically significant influence of owner’s discipline behavior on dogs with territorial aggression does no longer exist. And the possibilities of dog’s expression on predatory aggression and separation anxiety are significantly influenced by genetic factors. The predominant factor of fear-related problems is sexual hormones. Dominance aggression is the only one behavioral problem that is not influenced by neither environmental nor genetic factors.
第一章 前言與研究動機 …………………………………………..1
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 犬隻行為發展 ……………………………………………..5
第一節之一 犬隻早期行為發展 ………………………………..5
第一節之二 犬隻一般行為 ……………………………………..8
第二節 犬隻行為問題 …………………………………………..14
第三節 犬隻行為發展理論(一):
遺傳(基因)與犬隻行為發展 …………………………..24
第四節 犬隻行為發展理論(二):
環境(畜主)與犬隻行為發展 …………………………..28
第五節 犬隻行為發展理論(三):
遺傳與環境的交互作用 ………………………………..34
第六節 犬隻行為測量 …………………………………………..36
第七節 研究架構 ………………………………………………..40
第八節 研究假設 ………………………………………………..45
第三章 研究設計與資料分析
第一節 研究設計 ………………………………………………..48
第二節 變項定義與操作 ………………………………………..50
第三節 資料分析與方法 ………………………………………..64
第四章 資料分析結果(一):用於分析之樣本基本資料
第一節 摘要 ……………………………………………………..66
第二節 參加本研究之畜主基本資料 …………………………..68
第三節 參加本研究之畜犬基本資料 …………………………..73
第四節 畜主對畜犬教養態度及教養行為之基本資料 ………..76
第五節 犬隻行為表現之基本資料 ……………………………..81
第六節 犬隻行為問題表現之基本資料 ………………………..101
第七節 討論 ……………………………………………………..108
第五章 資料分析結果(一):
畜主對畜犬之教養態度及教養行為的影響因素分析
第一節 摘要 ……………………………………………………..113
第二節 畜主對畜犬之教養態度及教養行為的影響因素分析…..114
第三節 畜主對畜犬之教養行為的影響因子分析 ……………..116
第四節 討論 ……………………………………………………..119
第六章 資料分析結果(二):畜犬行為表現的影響分析
第一節 摘要 ……………………………………………………..121
第二節 畜犬4至5月齡行為表現之影響分析 …………………..122
第三節 畜犬8至12月齡行為表現之影響分析 …………………134
第四節 討論 ……………………………………………………..147
第七章 資料分析結果(三):畜犬行為問題表現的影響分析
第一節 摘要 ……………………………………………………..152
第二節 畜犬行為問題表現的影響分析 ………………………..153
第三節 討論 ……………………………………………………..166
第八章 研究討論與結論
第一節 總結討論 ………………………………………………..170
第二節 研究結論與建議 ………………………………………..176
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………………..179
附錄 研究問卷 ……………………………………………………..187
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