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研究生:何寬澧
研究生(外文):Kuan-Li Ho
論文名稱:高壓下聚乙二醇與聚乙二醇甲基醚高分子溶液的PVT性質研究
論文名稱(外文):PVT Properties for Polymer Solutions of PEG and PEGME at Elevated Pressures
指導教授:林河木李明哲李明哲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ho-Mu LinMing-Jer Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:106
中文關鍵詞:密度恆溫壓縮係數PVT性質
外文關鍵詞:densitiesisothermal compressibilitiesPVT properties
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本研究使用高壓密度儀分別量測高壓下混合溶劑與高分子溶液的密度數據,這些混合物包含了由茴香醚、苯乙酮、聚乙二醇-200與聚乙二醇甲基醚-350所組成的三組雙成份和二組參成份系統。操作的溫度由298.15 K到348.15 K,而操作壓力最高達50 MPa。所量得的密度數據可用Tait模式和一選擇的半經驗模式準確關聯。利用Tait模式的參數值可求得恆溫壓縮係數。四種純質的恆溫壓縮係數大小依序為:茴香醚>苯乙酮>聚乙二醇甲基醚-350>聚乙二醇-200。雙成份系統的過剩體積則採用Redlich-Kister(R-K)模式作關聯。
本研究使用FOV與Schotte兩個狀態方程式進行PVT數據的關聯,此兩個模式均能準確關聯雙成份混合物之比容。利用由純物質和雙成份混合物數據所求得的模式參數,這些狀態方程式可用於預測多成份高分子溶液的比容,但預測值大都偏高。
In this study, we measured the densities for mixed solvents and polymer solutions by a high-pressure densimeter. The mixtures include two binary and three ternary systems, containing anisole, acetophenone, PEG-200, and PEGME-350. Operating temperatures were in a range of 298.15 K to 348.15 K and the pressures were up to 50 MPa.
Tait model and a choosed semi-empirical model can correlate accurately the density data. The isothermal compressibilities were calculated with the aid of Tait constants. The magnitudes of the isothermal compressibility follow the order of anisole>acetophenone>PEGME-350>PEG-200. The R-K model was applied to correlate the excess volumes of each binary system.
The FOV and the Schotte equations of state were also applied to correlate the PVT data. Both models correlated well the specific volumes of each binary system. With the parameters determined from pure materials and binary systems, the equations of state were used to predict the specific volumes for multi-component polymer solutions. However, the predicted results appear to be larger than the experimental values.
第一章 緒論
第二章 高分子溶液之高壓密度量測
第三章 數據關聯
第四章 結論
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張基昇,"液化煤典型成份及高分子物質的熱力性質研究",博士論文,國立臺灣工業技術學院化工研究所,臺北,民國八十六年。
徐子昇,"高壓下聚丙二醇與混合溶劑的P-V-T性質研究",碩士論文,國立臺灣科技大學化工研究所,臺北 (2000)。
段友竣,"高壓下高分子攙合物溶液的P-V-T性質研究",碩士論文,國立臺灣科技大學化工研究所,臺北 (2001)。
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