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研究生:徐榮崇
研究生(外文):Hsu Jung Chung
論文名稱:澳洲台灣移民居住地的選擇與決策過程--以雪梨、布里斯本及墨爾本為例
論文名稱(外文):Residential Choice and Decision-Making Process of Taiwanese Migrants in Sydney, Brisbane and Melbourne
指導教授:姜蘭虹姜蘭虹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiang, Lan-hung Nora
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:地學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:地理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:234
中文關鍵詞:台灣移民居住地選擇適應決策澳洲
外文關鍵詞:Taiwanese migrantsresidential choiceadaptationdecision-makingAustralia
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澳洲是台灣移民近十年來選擇的移出地之一。1980年末,在澳洲與亞太地區國家間關係的持續發展及其增加了商業與技術移民的名額的環境下,使得大多擁有豐富資產以及教育程度高的台灣人紛紛移入了澳洲。並且明顯集中在雪梨、布里斯本及墨爾本三個都市。本研究即以此三都市的台灣移民為對象,透過普查等統計資料分析和深入訪談的方法,盡量以社會地理學「局內人」的觀點,系統性地探討台灣移民對居住地選擇的因素,並架構居住地改變和選擇的邏輯,來思考整個遷移過程的機制。
結果發現,他們會因為大都市較有商機的理由選擇雪梨,並以雪梨灣北岸為主要居住地區;會因為天氣好的因素而選擇布里斯本,並集中在南區的新利班周遭地區;會因為子女教育而選墨爾本,主要分布在市中心向東電車沿線等好學區的等地區。而且他們的購屋能力遠勝於其他移民。
基於需求、能力與時間三要素的相互影響下,澳洲台灣移民在居住地選擇的決策上更趨多樣化與個別化。訪談結果發現,隨著時間適應情形的改變,作遷移決策時所考量的因子也會改變。剛到澳洲時,選擇居住地的因素主要會考量親友意見;在預算、子女教育和離工作地點遠近等因素下,會在親友住所鄰近區域尋找房子,以租屋為主要選擇。一般而言,他們比較喜歡住新房子,而且對於他們所選擇的居住地都表示滿意。隨著經驗的累積及對周遭環境的熟悉,個別差異性開始凸顯,每個人對居住地的選擇會有不同的考量與分析。他們會因為居住時間、生命週期和適應情形的改變,或房地產的漲跌而更換房子,而且多數人不要游泳池與大庭院。在遷居上,有向都市公寓型房子搬遷的趨勢。而且,當台灣移民對新環境的了解越深入,觀念及價值也會隨之改變,表示他們在澳洲社會中已逐漸發展出一套自己的「澳洲-台灣」生活的新行為模式,而且正默默的生根中。
According to the Australian census, almost all Taiwanese-born immigrants arriving at Australia settled in Sydney, Brisbane and Melbourne after 1986. This trend is a result of developments in Australia and the Asia-Pacific countries and the Australia’s shifting immigration policy with increasing emphasis placed on business and skill migrants in the late 1980s.
This research examines the distribution and residential mobility of recent Taiwanese migrants in terms of residential choice for their first and subsequent moves and attempt to explore the factors of decision-making process in Australian cities. Having built a research framework based on reviewing literature, two basic research methods employed: Quantitative analysis of census data and in-depth interviews of seventy-nine Taiwanese immigrants in three major cities in Australia.
As the results from this study shows, that most Taiwanese immigrants who first arrived in Australia, live in large cities. The main reason for choosing to settle in Sydney was favorable commercial opportunities and they favored the northern part of Sydney. Those who chose Brisbane and attracted by the good climate there; and they favored living in the Sunnybank area in south Brisbane. Melbourne is preferred by some others, for the sake of their children education, especially the areas where near the good schools.
The residential mobility of Taiwanese migrants in Australia is based on three decision-making elements: "Needs", "Capital" and "Time", and the interaction of these elements lead to diversification and individual differences in the factors of residential choice. In general, the migrants always choose to locate in close proximity to their family, friends and Taiwanese communities. They preferred new houses that are dominated by three- and four- bedroom units and that tended to give them a high level of satisfaction. The factors considered in their locational choice included income and housing budget, children’s education, proximity to work and shops and friend’s opinions. Over time, the reasons for residential choice changed, reflecting individual preferences and experiences, apart from such main reasons of change as life-cycles and fluctuating housing prices. Gradually, there appeared a lower preference for houses with swimming pools and gardens, as migrants relocate to different houses.
內 容 頁碼
摘要
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究問題與目的………………………………………… 8
第三節 研究步驟與流程………………………………………… 9
第四節 論文的章節……………………………………………… 11
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 遷移的界定……………………………………………… 13
第二節 遷移的理論……………………………………………… 20
第三節 移民的居住地選擇與決策……………………………… 33
第四節 移民的適應……………………………………………… 49
第五節 澳洲移民政策與台灣移民……………………………… 53
第三章 研究設計與實施的方法
第一節 研究的立論與思考……………………………………… 63
第二節 資料的蒐集與分析……………………………………… 65
第三節 訪談的設計與實施方法………………………………… 73
第四節 資料的分析與形成架構………………………………… 77
第四章 選擇居住地的因素
第一節 普查資料分析結果……………………………………… 99
第二節 受訪台灣移民特徵分析………………………………… 110
第三節 選擇居住城市的因素…………………………………… 114
第四節 選擇城市內居住地的因素……………………………… 117
第五節 選擇初次居住地的因素………………………………… 147
第六節、再遷移時選擇居住地的因素…………………………… 156
第七節 小結……………………………………………………… 163
第五章 居住地選擇的決策過程
第一節 前言……………………………………………………… 167
第二節 居住地的選擇與決策…………………………………… 168
第三節 尋求新住所的方式……………………………………… 184
第四節 小結……………………………………………………… 186
第六章 結論……………………………………………………… 189
參考文獻…………………………………………………………… 199
附錄一、澳洲1911-1996普查項目一覽表……………………… 213
附錄二、澳洲1996年普查調查表…………………………………217
附錄三、澳洲海關入出境的登錄卡…………………………… 233
附錄四、澳洲訪查工作報告……………………………………… 234
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