(54.236.58.220) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/01 00:11
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:周建亨
研究生(外文):Chien-Heng Chou
論文名稱:多國籍企業海外投資動機與企業內貿易效果關係之研究-以台灣資訊電子業為例
論文名稱(外文):The MNE’s FDI Motives and the Effects of Intra-firmTrade — A Study in the Context of Taiwan Information and Electronic Industries
指導教授:林彩梅林彩梅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsai-May Lin
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:國際企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:141
中文關鍵詞:海外投資動機企業內貿易效果資源投資市場投資效率投資策略性資產投資產業空洞化貿易收支效果
外文關鍵詞:FDI motivesThe effects of intra-firm tradeResources seekingMarket seekingEfficiency seekingStrategic assests seekingDe-industrializationThe effects on trade balance
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:415
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
1990年代全世界三分之一的貿易量,是經由多國籍企業以企業內貿易方式而達成的,而此一交易方式正方興未艾。本研究之目的,在檢測多國籍企業之海外投資動機(追求資源、市場、效率、及策略性資產)與企業內貿易之關係,以期能提高既有文獻對企業內貿易傾向之解釋力。另一方面,本研究依商品之流向將企業內貿易之效果分為四種(輸出代替、逆輸入、誘發輸出、及輸入轉換),以期能更加瞭解海外投資動機如何透過企業內貿易而影響商品在國際間之流向。
本研究採用判斷抽樣(judgement sampling)方式,針對台灣資訊電子業之上市與上櫃公司全部以郵寄問卷方式收集資料。總共寄出226份問卷,經過兩次跟催,回收130份,有效問卷92份,回收率為40.7%。
研究結果顯示,多國籍企業之海外投資動機比企業特徵(多國籍化程度、研究發展密集度)更能顯著的解釋企業內貿易發生之傾向。就個別海外投資動機對企業內貿易之影響層面而言,以追求市場之動機影響最廣,與四種企業內貿易效果均有顯著相關。其次依序為追求效率、追求資源、最後為追求策略性資產之動機。
根據研究發現,本研究探討不同動機之海外投資如何透過企業內貿易效果影響母國經濟(例如產業空洞化)與貿易(例如貿易平衡、貿易衝突的避免等)之涵義及後續研究之建議。
In 1990s, about one third of all international trade occurs through intra-firm trade within MNEs. Intra-frim trade is expected to keep growing. One purpose of this study is to test the relationships between the motives (i.e., seeking for resources, mar-kets, efficiency and strategic assets) of the multinational enterprise (MNE) for foreign direct investments (FDIs) and intra-firm trade, with an aim to add to the explanation power of existing literature about the causes of intra-firm trade. The other purpose is to better understand how the motives of the MNE for FDI influence the direction of in-ternational trade through intra-firm trade by decomposing the effect of intra-firm trade into four sub-effects (i.e., export replacement, reverse import, lead export and import exchange).
This study used judgement sampling to collect data from 258 companies in infor-mation and electronic industries in Taiwan. These companies were listed in either TSE or OTC in 2001. The companies who did not have subsidiaries abroad at the time of survey were screened out by a telephone interview. Two hundred and twenty-six com-panies were retained and a questionnaire was sent to each company. After two fol-low-up mailings were made, one hundred and thirty questionnaires were returned, of which 92 were valid. The return rate was 40.7%.
The results show that, the motives of the MNE for foreign direct investments sig-nificant explain the variation of the MNE’s intra-firm trade. In addition, the explana-tion power of motives is larger than that of the MNE’s characteristics (i.e., multination-ality, the intensity of research and development). Looking at the scope of the influ-ences of each motive on the effects of intra-firm trade, the motive for seeking for mar-kets has the largest scope of influences, followed by efficiency seeking, resource seek-ing and, finally, strategic assets seeking.
Based on the research results, this study discusses how foreign direct investments under different motives influence the international trade, such as balance of payments and frictions of international trade, and economic welfare, such as deindustrialization, of parent countries through intra-firm trade effects. Directions of further studies are also suggested.
第一章  緒論...................1
  第一節  理論背景...............1
  第二節  研究問題與目的............8
  第三節  研究重要性..............10
  第四節  研究之產業背景............11
  第五節  研究範圍與限制............22
第二章  文獻探討與研究假設............23
  第一節  企業海外投資動機類型與投資標的....23
  第二節  企業內貿易之決定因素.........38
  第三節  企業內貿易效果理論..........43
  第四節  研究假設...............48
第三章  研究方法.................62
  第一節  觀念性架構..............62
  第二節  變數的操作性定義與問卷結構......64
  第三節  資料收集方法與樣本結構........69
  第四節  資料分析方法.............73
第四章  台灣資訊電子業之海外投資動機分析.....76
  第一節  海外投資動機量表之效度、信度分析...76
  第二節  海外投資動機強度指標.........81
第五章  台灣資訊電子業之企業內貿易效果分析....85
  第一節  企業內貿易效果之成效分析.......85
  第二節  公司特徵與企業內貿易效果之關係....87
第六章  台灣資訊電子業之海外投資動機與企業內貿
     易效果的關係...............90
第七章  結論與建議................99
  第一節  結論與涵義..............99
  第二節  政府對外投資政策之涵義........107
  第二節  研究建議...............111
參考文獻 .....................113
附錄A  財團法人資訊工業策進會對資訊電子業之產
     品定義..................127
附錄B  研究問卷.................131
附錄C  本研究樣本資訊電子業廠商所生產之產品...134
一、中文部分
入江豬太郎(1988),五大學派思想在國際貿易和對外投資理論不同:多國
籍企業之新動向,收於中華民國多國籍企業研究學會編,多國籍企業
研究學報-第四屆多國籍企業國際學術研討會論文集(pp. 56-78),台
北:編製者發行。
電腦家庭文化事業股份有限公司(2001),上市公司投資總覽,8,台北:
編製者發行。
電腦家庭文化事業股份有限公司(2001),上櫃公司投資總覽,8,台北:
編製者發行。
行政院主計處(2000, March),中華民國八十八年台灣地區人力資源調查
統計年報,台北:編製者發行。
巫英臣(2000),企業內貿易決定因素及貿易效果之研究,私立中國文化大
學國際企業管理研究所未出版之博士論文,9-28。
何玉麗(1990),談產業空洞化防範之道,臺灣經濟研究月刊,13(8),
104-107。
林彩梅(1997),多國籍企業論(4版),台北:五南圖書出版公司。
林彩梅(1999),日本MNE「企業內貿易效果」策略與產業國際競爭力,收
於中華民國多國籍企業研究學會編,多國籍企業研究學報-第七屆多
國籍企業國際學術研討會論文集(pp. 48-67),台北:編製者發行。
周添城,吳惠林(1990),臺灣產業空洞化問題的省思及檢討,,經濟前
瞻,10,33-36。
施建生(1990),對外投資與產業空洞化,臺灣經濟研究月刊,13(3),6-
7。
胡勝正,詹維玲(2000),台灣資訊電子業對總體經濟的影響,自由中國之
工業,90(9),1-49。
財政部統計處(2000, December),中華民國台灣地區進出口貿易統計月
報,台北:正中書局。
財政部統計處(2000),中華民國台灣地區資訊工業生產統計月報,98,台
北:編製者發行。
財團法人資訊工業策進會(1999),我國電腦產業產銷發展趨勢分析,台
北:編製者發行。
財團法人資訊工業策進會(2000, July),資訊電子產品之定義,來源:
http://mic.iii.org.tw/customs/infprod.html [2000, April 5]。
經濟部統計處編(2000),中華民國臺灣地區資訊電子工業生產統計月報,
98,台北:編製者發行。
經濟部投資審議委員會(1999),中華民國歷年核准華僑及外國人投資、對
外投資、對外技術合作、對大陸間接投資、大陸產業技術引進統計年
報,台北:編製者發行。
經濟部建設委會綜合計劃處(1990),美、日、西德產業空洞化初步探討,
自由中國之工業,74(4),1-9。
經濟部統計處(1999),中華民國台灣地區製造業對外投資實況調查報告-
中華民國八十八年調查,台北:編製者發行。
謝寬裕(1999),臺灣產業外移與產業空洞化之檢驗,臺灣經濟金融月刊,
35(8),40-65。
二、日文部分
日本通商產業大臣官房調查統計部企業統計課與通商產業省產業政策局國
際企業課(1999),我國企業海外事業活動,第27回,日本,東
京:大藏省印刷局。
日本通商產業省編(1996),通商白書〈各論〉,東京:大藏省印刷局。
日本貿易振興會編(2000),商業白書-世界日本海外直接投資,東京:編
製者發行。
日本慶應大學經濟學部研究會編(1996),產業空洞化,日本:編製者發
行。
三、英文部分
Andersson, T., & Fredriksson, T. (1996). International
organization of production and variation in the exports
from affiliates. Journal of International Business Studies,
27(2), 249-263.
Andersson, T., & Fredriksson, T. (2000). Distinction between
inter-mediate and finished products in intra-firm trade.
International Journal of Industrial Organization, 18, 773-
792.
Arrow, K. J. (1964). Control in large organizations. Management
Sci-ence, 10(3), 397-408.
Arrow, K. J. (1974). The limits of organization. New York: W.
W. Norton & Co.
Biersteker, T. J. (1978). Contending perspectives on the
multinational corporations: Distortion or development.
Cambridge, Massa-chusetts: The MIT Press.
Bonturi, M., & Fukasaku, K. (1993). Globalisation and intra-
firm trade: An empirical note. OECD Economic Studies, 20
(1), 145-159.
Buckley, P. J. (1991). Developments in international business
theory in the 1990s. Journal of Marketing Management, 7(1),
15-24.
Buckley, P. J., & Casson, M. C. (1976). The future of the
multinational enterprise. London: Macmillan.
Buckley, P. J., Pass, C. L., & Prescott, K. (1991). Foreign
market ser-vicing strategies and competitiveness. Journal
of General Management, 17(2), 34-46.
Buckley, P. J., & Pearce, R. D. (1979). Overseas production and
ex-porting by the world’s largest enterprises: A study in
sourcing policy. Journal of International Business Studies,
10(1), 9-20.
Burns, J. (1980). Transfer pricing decisions in U.S.
multinational cor-porations. Journal of International
Business Studies, 11(2), 162-179.
Casson, M. C. (1979). Alternatives to the multinational
enterprise. London: Macmillan.
Casson, M. C. (1982). Transaction costs and the theory of the
multina-tional enterprise. In Rugman A. M. (Ed.), New
Perspectives in International Business. London: Croom Helm.
Casson M. C. (Ed.). (1991). Global research strategy and
interna-tional competitiveness. Cambridge, Massachusetts:
Basil Blackwell.
Casson, M. C., & Associates (1986, 1991). Multinationals and
world trade: Vertical integration and the division of labor
in world industries. London: Allen & Unwin.
Casson , M. C., & Pearce, R. D. (1987, October). The welfare
effects of foreign enterprise: A diagrammatic analysis.
Paper presented at the International Investment and
Business Studies Meetings, University of Reading, Reading,
Massachusetts.
Coase, R. H. (1937). The nature of the firm. Economica, 4(11),
386-405.
Cho, K. R. (1988). Determinants of intra-firm trade: A search
for a theoretical framework. The International Trade
Journal, 3(2), 167-185.
Cho, K. R. (1990). The role of product-specific factors in
intra-firm trade of US manufacturing multinational
corporations. Journal of International Business Studies, 21
(2), 319-330.
Culem, C. (1988). The location determinants of direct
investments among industrialized countries. European
Economics Review, 32(8), 885-904.
Darlington, R. B. (1990). Regression and linear models. New
York: McGraw-Hill.
Dunning, J. H. (1977). Trade, location of economic activity and
the MNE: A search for an eclectic approach. In Ohlin, et
al. (Eds.), The international allocation of economic
activity. New York: Holmes and Meier.
Dunning, J. H. (1979). Explaining changing patterns of
international production: In defense of the eclectic
theory. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 41(3),
269-295.
Dunning, J. H. (1980). Towards an eclectic theory of
international production. Journal of International Business
Studies, 11(1), 9-31.
Dunning, J. H. (1981). International productions and the
multina-tional enterprise. London: Allen and Unwin.
Dunning, J. H. (1983). Changes in the level and structure of
interna-tional production: The last one hundred years. In
M. C. Casson (Ed.), The growth of international business
(pp. 84-139). Lon-don: Allen & Unwin.
Dunning, J. H. (1988a). Explaining international production.
London: Unwin Hyman.
Dunning, J. H. (1988b). Multinationals, technology and
competitive-ness. London: Allen and Unwin.
Dunning, J. H. (1993). Multinational enterprises and the global
econ-omy. Wokingham: Addison-Wesley.
Dunning, J. H. (1998). American investment in British
manufacturing industry. London and New York: Routledge.
Eitman, D., & Stonehill, A. (1989). Multinational business
finance. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.
Fahim-Nader, M. (1991, September). Capital expenditures by
majority owned foreign affiliates of U.S. companies,
revised estimates for 1991. Survey of current Business, 32-
38.
Flowers, E. B. (1976). Oligopolistic reaction in European and
Cana-dian direct investment in the United States. Journal
of Interna-tional Business Studies, 7(1), 43-55.
Frank, I. (1980). Foreign enterprise in developing countries.
Balti-more: John Hopkins University Press.
Ghoshal, S. (1987). Global strategy: An organizing framework.
Stra-tegic Management Journal, 8(5), 425-440.
Gilroy, B. Y. (1989). Intra-firm trade. Journal of Economic
Survey, 3(3), 325-343.
Gray, H. P. (1993). Transnational corporations and trade and
pay-ments. United Nations Library on Transnational
Corporations, London: Routledge.
Griffin, K. (1978). International inequality and national
poverty. London: Macmillan.
Grubert, H., & Mutti, J. (1991). Taxes, tariffs and transfer
pricing in multinational corporate decision making. The
Review of Eco-nomics and Statistics, 73(22), 285-293.
Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C.
(1995). Multivariate data analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice Hall.
Helfgott, R. B. (1973). Multinational corporations and manpower
utilization in developing nations. Journal of Developing
Areas, 7, 235-246.
Helleiner, G. K. (1975). The role of multinational corporations
in the less developed countries-trade in technology. World
Develop-ment, 3, 161-189.
Helleiner, G. K. (1981). Intra-firm trade and the developing
countries. London: Macmillan.
Helleiner, G. K., & Lavergne, R. (1979). Intra-firm trade and
indus-trial exports to the United States. Oxford Bulletin
of Economics and Statistics, 41(3), 297-312.
Jenkins, R. O. (1987). Transnational corporations and uneven
devel-opment: The internationalization of capital and the
third world. New York: Methuen.
Knickerbocker, F. T. (1973). Oligopolistic reaction and the
multina-tional enterprise. Cambridge, Massachusetts:
Harvard Univer-sity Press.
Kobrin, S. J. (1991). An empirical analysis of the determinants
of global integration. Strategic Management Journal, 12(1),
17-31.
Kopits, G. F. (1979). Multinational conglomerate
diversification. Economia Internazionale, 32, 99-111.
Kravis, I. B., & Lipsey, R. E. (1982). The location of overseas
produc-tion and production for export by US multinational
firms. Journal of International Economics, 12(2), 201-223.
Lall, S. (1978). The pattern of intra-firm exports by US
multinationals. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and
Statistics, 40, 209-222.
Lessard, D. R., & Shapiro, A. (1973, Winter). Guidelines for
global financing choices. Midland Corporate Finance
Journal, 68-80.
Lipsey, R. E., Kravis, I. B., & Ronald, R. R. (1982). Do
multinational firms adapt factor proportions to prices? In
A. O. Krueger (Ed.), Trade and employment in developing
countries: Factor supply and substitution. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press.
Little, J. S. (1986, January/February). Intra-firm trade and
U.S protec-tionism: Thoughts based on a small survey. New
England Eco-nomic Review (Federal Reserve Bank of Boston),
42-51.
Little, J. S. (1987, May/June). Intra-firm trade: An update.
New Eng-land Economic Review (Federal Reserve Bank of
Boston), 46-51.
Martin, R. & Rowthorn, R. (1986). The Geography of
deindustrializa-tion. London: Macmillan.
Murray, R. (1981). Multinationals beyond the market. Brighton,
Sus-sex: Harvester.
Mytelka, L. K. (1987). Knowledge intensive production and the
changing internationalization strategies of multinational
firms. In J. A. Caporaso (Ed.), A changing international
division of labour (pp.44-70). London: Francis Pinter
Publishers.
Nicholas, S. (1986). The theory of multinational enterprise as
a trans-actional model. In P. Hertner & G. Jones (Eds.),
Multinationals: Theory and history. Aldershot: Gower.
Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-
Hill.
OECD (1993). Intra-firm trade: Trade policy. Paris: OECD.
Parry, T. G. (1980). The multinational enterprise,
international in-vestment and host country imports.
Greenwich, CN: JAI Press.
Pearce, R. (1982). Overseas production and exporting
performance: An empirical note. Paper presented at the
International Invest-ment and Business Studies Meetings,
University of Reading, Reading, Massachusetts.
Pearce, R. D., & Singh, S. (1992). Internationalisation of R&D
among the world’s leading enterprises. In O. Grandstrand,
S. Sjolander & L. Hakanson (Eds.), Technology, management
and interna-tional business: Internationalisation of R&D
and technology. Chichester: Wiley.
Porter, M. E. (1990). The competitive advantage of nations. New
York: The Free Press.
Reuber, G. L. (1973). Private foreign investment in
development. Ox-ford: Clarendon Press.
Rowthorn, R., & Ramasmamy (1997). Deindustrialization: Causes
and implications. IMF working paper, WP/79/42, 6.
Rugman, A. M. (1980). Internalization as a general theory of
foreign direct investment: A re-appraisal of the
literature. Welt-wirtschaftliches Archiv, 116(2), 365-379.
Rugman, A. M. (1981). Inside the multinationals. London: Croom
Helm.
Rugman, A. M. (1991). Diamond in the rough. Business Quarterly,
55(1), 61-64.
Sekaran, U. (1992). Research methods for business: A skill-
building approach (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons,
Inc.
Siddharthan, N. S., & Kumar, N. (1990). The determinants of in-
ter-industry variations in the proportions of intra-firm
trade: The behaviour of US multinationals.
Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 126(4), 581-591.
Stewart, T. A. (1997). Intellectual capital. London: Nicholas
Bradley.
UNCTAD (1993). World investment report 1993: Transnational cor-
porations and integrated international production. New
York: United Nations.
UNCTAD (1995). World investment report 1995: Transnational cor-
porations and competitiveness. New York: United Nations.
UNCTAD (1996). World investment report 1996: Invest, trade and
in-ternational policy arrangements. New York: United
Nations.
UNCTAD (1998). World investment report 1998: Trends and deter-
minants. New York: United Nations.
US Department of Commerce (1985). US direct investment abroad:
1982 benchmark survey. Washington, DC: US Government
Printing Office.
Veugelers, R. (1991). Locational determinants and ranking of
host countries: An empirical assessment. Kyklos, 44(2), 363-
382.
White, L. J. (1978). The evidence on appropriate factor
proportions for manufacturing in less developed countries:
A survey. Eco-nomic Development and Cultural Change, 27, 27-
59.
Williamson, O. E. (1971). The vertical integration of
production: Market failure considerations. American
Economic Review, 61, 112-123.
Williamson, O. E. (1975). Markets and hierarchies: Analysis and
an-titrust implications. New York: Free Press.
Williamson, O. E. (1979). Transaction cost economics: The
govern-ance of contractual relations. Journal of Law
Economics, 22, 233-261.
Williamson, O. E. (1981). The modern corporation: Origins,
evolution, attributes. Journal of Economics Literature, 19,
1537-1568.
Zan, L., Zambon, S., & Pettigrew, A. (1993). Barriers to
internation-alization. In P. J. Buckley (Ed.), Foreign
direct investment and multinational enterprises (pp. 17-
37). Houndmills, Basingstroke, Hampshire, and London:
MaCmillan.
Zejan, M. C. (1989). Intra-firm trade and Swedish
multinationals. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 125(5), 814-
833.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 張誦聖 〈袁瓊瓊與八0年代台灣女性作家的「張愛玲熱」〉,《中外文學》第23卷第8期,1995年。
2. 呂正惠,〈七、八十年代台灣鄉土文學的源流與變遷─政治、社會及思想背景的探討〉,收入張寶琴等編:《四十年來中國文學》,台北:聯合文學出版社,1995年6月。
3. 黃宗慧 〈她看見了死亡的顏色─貼近《漫遊者》的幽冥之境〉,《聯合文學》,第200期,2001年6月。
4. 黃錦樹 〈悼祭之書〉,收於朱天心《漫遊者》(序),台北:聯合文學出版社,2000年11月。
5. 張惠菁 〈螢火蟲洞話語─讀朱天心《漫遊者》〉,《聯合文學》,第201期,2001年7月。
6. 張小虹 〈女兒的憂鬱─朱天心《漫遊者》中的創傷與斷離空間〉,《聯合文學》,第195期,2001年1月。
7. 范銘如 〈《漫遊者》的拾荒癖〉,《聯合文學》,第198期,2001年4月。
8. 朱偉誠 〈無重力狀態的漫遊憶往─讀朱天心《漫遊者》〉,《聯合文學》,第197期,2001年3月。
9. 張誦聖 〈絕望的反射─評朱天心《古都》〉,《聯合文學》,第13卷第10期,1997年8月。
10. 沈冬青 〈故鄉永恆的過客─探索朱天心的「古都」〉,《幼獅文藝》,第528期,1997年12月。
11. 黃錦樹 〈被都市化遺棄的眷村:台灣─從朱天心新作《想我眷村的兄弟們》談起〉,《海峽評論》第18期,1992年6月號。
12. 林積萍 〈朱天心〈想我眷村的兄弟們析論〉─文學社會學研究法之應用〉,《東吳中文研究集刊》第6期,1999年5月。
13. 陳國偉 〈遺失地址的理想國─朱天心小說中的記憶烏托邦〉,《淡水牛津文藝》第一期,1998年10月。
14. 季欣麟 〈在城市流亡的老靈魂─聽朱天心說說話〉,《遠見雜誌》,第141期,1998年3月號。
15. 王德威 〈老靈魂前世今生─朱天心的小說〉,《聯合文學》,第152期,1997年。
 
1. 國際產業分工與多國籍企業之企業內貿易效果關係之研究-以台灣化學產業為例
2. MNE企業內貿易效果策略與產業國際競爭力之研究─台、日製造業MNE中國大陸子公司之比較分析
3. 多國籍企業特性對企業內貿易效果及國際貿易績效之影響-以中日多國籍企業多例
4. 多國籍企業所有權型態、技術能力與經營績效關係之研究-以在台之英美日子公司為例
5. 多國籍企業企業內貿易效果與貿易競爭力之關係兼論兩岸經濟合作架構協議之干擾效果
6. MNE移轉訂價策略對稅率認知與經營績效關係干擾影響之研究
7. 多國籍企業之價格移轉策略對稅率之認知與經營績效影響之研究-英美日在台子公司之比較
8. 在台中美日多國籍企業財務管理決策之比較--電子業之實證研究
9. 跨國企業程序正義與策略執行績效關係之研究兼論子公司角色及國家文化差異干擾之影響~台美日在大陸子公司之實例研究
10. 多國籍企業特性與企業國際競爭力關係之研究--以中日資訊硬體產業為例
11. 併購對企業國際化程度與財務績效關係之干擾影響
12. 和平文化經營理念與異文化經營管理制度對經營績效影響之研究-英、美、日MNE在台灣子公司之比較
13. 探討多國籍企業資源與決策對其子公司績效之影響─以台灣外商銀行為例
14. 多國籍企業對外投資之動機、進入模式及管理-以台商在大陸、越南為例
15. 多國籍企業在大中華區域策略研究:以兩岸子公司間關係為焦點
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔