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研究生:曾證真
研究生(外文):Cheng-Chen Tseng
論文名稱:情人及蝴蝶君中之自我疏離及性別議題
論文名稱(外文):Self-Alienation And Gender Identity in The Lover and M. Butterfly
指導教授:吳萼洲
指導教授(外文):Dr.E-chou Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:183
中文關鍵詞:變裝癖變性者男性本質自我疏離
外文關鍵詞:transsexualtransvestitismmasculinityself-alienation
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呂哈蕬的情人及黃哲明的蝴蝶君兩部作品皆敘述中國人及法國人間所發生的故事。情人一書中描述一位富有的中國男人與一位貧窮家庭的法國女孩的愛情故事。法國女孩試圖維持其白色優越,卻不受她低下的社會地位所箝制。中國男人則表現出,其次於法國女孩的一面,而不與其高尚社會地位有所衝突。相對的,蝴蝶君中的嘉利瑪亦呈現出,附屬於宋麗玲的姿態。同時,嘉利瑪並未放棄其優越的白人地位,而宋麗玲則扮演著共產黨社會所期望的傳統女性角色。
論文第一章敘述法國女孩及嘉利瑪,都呈現出掌握白色優越的野心,且不受其弱勢的社會地位及性別特質影響。中國男人及宋麗玲,也都分別擁有較高的社會地位及較強勢的性別特質,但卻扮演著附屬於其法國情人的角色。第二章所探討的自我疏離,解釋了此四角色所扮演的多重社會角色,及自我疏離的功能性,亦即是符合社會對個人的期望。自我疏離使得此四角色能自由的穿梭於多重角色扮演之間。第三章所探討的是嘉利瑪及中國男人天生擁有男性本質,並且他們必須自我疏離以扮演具男性本質的角色。自我疏離的男性本質粉碎了男性天生具有男性本質的迷思。第四章分析法國女孩及宋麗玲同時具有男性本質及同性戀傾向。他們能同時呈現出原始的性別傾向及自我疏離的性別傾向。
穩定的易變性引導出的結論是此四個人物並非受到多重角色的禁錮。相對的他們能自由的選擇在不同的場合扮演適當的角色。此外,他們也瓦解了身分及性別兩議題的主體性。此四人物已完全不受限於單一身分及單一性別的限制。
Both The Lover by Durus and M. Butterfly by David Henry Hwang contain a story between Chinese and French characters. The Lover is about a romantic relationship between a rich Chinese man and a poor French girl. The poor French girl tries to hold her white privilege without concealing her lower social identity. The rich Chinese man doesn’t bother himself to present as an inferior character to the poor French girl because he is in a higher social position. Likewise, Gallimard, the French diplomat in M. Butterfly, reveals his subordination to the male/female Chinese character, Song. At the same time, Gallimard still retains his white privilege when Song assumes a role of a traditional Chinese woman like what the Communist country expects him/her to be.
The first chapter handles how the French girl and Gallimard present their determination to reserve their white privilege without denying their weak social identities. Though the Chinese characters are portrayed to possess higher social identity they are willing to be subordinate to the French characters. Self-alienation in the second chapter explains that all these four characters are willing to assume multiple social roles to reach social expectations. Self-alienation makes them free characters playing various social roles. Chapter three deals with the issue that the male characters, Gallimard and the Chinese man, are not born with masculinity but to assume the masculine roles that are alienated from their original gender selves. Their self-alienated masculinity breaks the myth that men are born masculine. The fourth chapter provides a discussion that both the French girl and Song present masculinity and homosexuality. Both of them assume two gendered selves: the natural one and the self-alienated one.
Stable instability concludes that these four characters are not restricted by multiple social roles or gender roles. However, they are free to decide which role to play under certain circumstance. Besides, they break the subjectivity in identity and gender issues. Characters are liberated from the restrictions of the fixed of self-identities and gender identities.
Chinese Abstract------------------------------------------------------i
English Abstract-------------------------------------------------------iii
Acknowledgements---------------------------------------------------v
Chapter One: Introduction--------------------------------------------1
Chapter Two: Alienation and Self-Alienation---------------------- 10
Chapter Three: Betrayals of Masculinity---------------------------- 31
Chapter Four: Transvestite And Transsexual----------------------- 51
Chapter Five: Conclusion----------------------------------------------71
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