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研究生:紀金山
研究生(外文):Chin-Shan Chi
論文名稱:師資培育制度轉型與實踐的組織分析
論文名稱(外文):An Organizational Analysis of the Transformation and Practices of Taiwan’s Teacher Education System
指導教授:熊瑞梅熊瑞梅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ray-May Hsung
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:社會學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:213
中文關鍵詞:師資培育教育改革組織制度統理
外文關鍵詞:teacher educationeducational reformorganizationinstitutiongovernance
相關次數:
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師資培育制度的變革是近年來台灣教育改革過程深具影響力的事件之一。本論文使用組織理論的統理取向解析台灣師資培育制度的轉型與實踐,主要的研究焦點為師資培育制度形成和轉型中國家統理形式的變遷、大學校院創設中等教育學程的組織擴散機制、師資供需組織層級化現象與影響機制,藉以瞭解台灣師資培育制度的轉型和實踐階段中各種制度機制的統理效果。
本論文發現師資培育制度形成初期,統理基礎在於國家公部門的直接調控;當國家形構特質由威權體制轉為仲裁協調結構時,相對於國家公部門的權力慣性作用,組織性政治聯盟也發揮重要的影響。在師資培育制度改革度實踐階段,有兩種制度機制顯著影響了中等教育學程組織擴散過程,分別是大學校院本身所擁有的長期性制度特質,以及大學校院認知學習的適應特質。至於在統理準市場的師資供需組織關係形式的機制方面,除了公部門政策調控機制,還有組織場域層次的組織競爭和規範機制也扮演重要的角色。
總之,在台灣師資培育制度改革的過程中,組織層次的規範和競爭機制逐漸產生重要影響作用。本論文的理論意涵具體表現了制度統理轉型趨勢,是由國家公部門主導的調控形式邁向組織邏輯主導的準市場統理形式。本研究的發現突顯了當前師資培育制度改革的制度實踐,一方面是維持既有的師範優勢,另一方面再製了大學校院組織場域的特質;結果導致師資培育制度夾雜了更複雜的組織邏輯。
The reform of the teacher education system is one of the landmark events in recent Taiwan’s educational reform. This dissertation employs a governance approach to explore the transformation and practices of the teacher education system in Taiwan. The major topics include the state’s governance in the formation and transformation of the teacher education system, the organizational diffusion of high-school teacher education programs, and the organizational relationship in the supply-and-demand of high-school teachers. The purpose of this organizational analysis is to identify the governance effects of the institutional mechanisms in the process of transformation and practices of Taiwan’s teacher education system.
In the early period, the governance regime of teacher education system is based on the state’s regulation. While the state is transformed from an authoritarian to a coordinative structure, many educational reform groups emerge and pose challenges to the state’s authority. In the process of the organizational diffusion of high-school teacher programs, this study identifies two significant mechanisms--the institutional and the adaptive characteristics of universities. As a semi-market governance structure, the supply and demand of teachers is affected by several mechanisms. In addition to the state’s regulation, both of the organizational normative and competitive mechanisms are also playing a significant role.
In sum, the normative and competitive mechanisms in the organizational field have become influential in the process of Taiwan’s teacher education system reform. The major findings of this dissertation demonstrate that the growing trend of the governance transformation has moved from a state-directed control format toward an organization-centered semi-market format. The analysis indicates that the teacher education system reform constitutes two major features. On the one hand, the extant advantages of the normal universities are still maintained. On the other hand, the characteristics of the university field are reproduced in the new institution. Thus the teacher education institution is then governed by more complicated organizational logics than before.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究緣起
第二節 師資培育制度改革的組織意義
第三節 研究主旨、對象與問題意識
第四節 本論文的章節安排
第二章 理論架構探討
第一節 解釋制度轉型與實踐的統理轉型取向
第二節 國家部門的統理機制
第三節 組織層次的統理機制
第四節 師資培育制度統理轉型的分析架構
第三章 研究設計與分析方法
第一節 研究設計
第二節 分析架構的主要概念
第三節 資料蒐集與分析方法
第四章 師資培育制度沿革與變遷動力
第一節 中等師資培育制度的沿革
第二節 台灣威權體制對師資培育制度的影響
第三節 制度機制對師資培育制度變遷的影響
第四節 小結
第五章 「師資培育法」形成的制度機制
第一節 政策範疇概念與分析方法
第二節 師資培育制度統理轉型的過程與機制
第三節 師資培育法政策範疇的結構形式
第四節 小結
第六章 台灣中等教育學程創設的組織分析
第一節 理論假設與分析方法
第二節 制度改革與組織場域現況
第三節 事件與組織屬性的社會空間關係
第四節 中等教育學程創設機制的事件史分析
第五節 中等教育學程創設先後的組織樣態
第六節 小結
第七章 中等師資供需組織關係形式的建構
第一節 理論假設與分析方法
第二節 中等師資供需組織關係形式的層級化現象
第三節 影響師資供需組織關係形式的統理機制
第四節 小結
第八章 結論與討論
第一節 研究發現與討論
第二節 教育制度改革的檢討與反省
第三節 本論文研究限制和未來研究的建議
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