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研究生:陳佳飛
研究生(外文):Chia-fei Chen
論文名稱:食品容器及包裝用塑膠材質之塑化劑溶出研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Migration of the Plasticizers Used for Food Containers and Packages
指導教授:陳美蓮陳美蓮引用關係毛義方毛義方引用關係
指導教授(外文):Mei-Lien ChenI-Fang Mao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立陽明大學
系所名稱:環境衛生研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:塑化劑食品容器食品包裝溶出試驗內分泌干擾物質
外文關鍵詞:plasticizersfood containerfood packagemigrationendocrine-disruptor
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:34
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由於塑膠優越的特性,所以食品包裝大部分皆採用塑膠包裝,然而其中所含有的塑化劑,卻可能因為使用因素轉移至食物中或是釋放於環境中成為污染物。近年來,許多國家已經將DEHA、DBP、BBP、DEHP與DOP等塑化劑,列為疑似內分泌干擾物質。
本研究目的在於探討,不同塑膠材質之塑膠袋、塑膠杯或碗、保鮮膜與寶特瓶在不同溫度、pH值、儲存時間或微波時間下,DEHA、DBP、BBP、DEHP與DOP五種塑化劑溶出情形。
本研究溶出試驗,計研究塑膠袋48個、塑膠杯或碗26個、寶特瓶24個與保鮮膜24個,樣本共計122個。塑化劑的檢出率,若以塑膠製品種類區分,保鮮膜的檢出率最高為50﹪,其他依次為塑膠袋41.7﹪、塑膠杯或碗7.7﹪、寶特瓶0﹪。若細分各種塑化劑的檢出率,塑膠袋檢出率高低依次為DBP33.3﹪、DEHP14.6﹪及DEHA8.3﹪;塑膠杯或碗只檢出DBP,檢出率為7.7﹪;寶特瓶則五種塑化劑均未檢出;保鮮膜檢出率高低依次為DEHP29.2﹪、DBP20.8﹪及DEHA8.3﹪。本研究發現DEHP與DBP的檢出率最高,BBP及DOP則全部樣本均未檢出。依各塑化劑的檢出濃度來看,DEHA與DEHP檢出最高濃度分別為2.964μg/dm2與0.327μg/dm2,二者皆出現在保鮮膜的樣本。DBP最高則出現在塑膠袋樣本濃度1.10μg/dm2,本研究發現,pH=7比pH=3有較易溶出塑化劑且溫度越高越容易溶出塑化劑的趨勢,但是統計上皆未達到顯著差異。本研究結果可提供國人選用塑膠製品及使用條件,及政府管理食品包裝中,塑化劑溶出相關法規之參考。
The plastics are widely used for food packaging because of their superior characteristics. However, the plasticizer, one component of plastics, may migrate to food or release into the environment during the process of use or disposal. In the recent years, many countries have already classified the plasticizers- DEHA, DBP, BBP, DEHP, DOP- as estrogen-like substances which may disturb the endocrine system.
The aim of this study is to investigate the migration of plasticizers in plastic packages, cups, bowls, films and bottles by means of treating them with different conditions, including temperature, pH, storage time and microwaving time. This study analyzed 122 samples, in composition of 48 plastic bags, 26 plastic cups and bowls, 24 plastic films and 24 plastic bottles. The percentages of detectable plasticizers in all analyzed samples were 50% of PVC films, 41.7% of bags, 7.7% of plastic cups and bowls and 0% of plastic bottles. The detected rates for the five plasticizers in different types of plastic products were 33.3% of DBP, 14.6% of DEHP and 8.3% of DEHA in plastic bags. And, for plastic cups and bowls, the detected rate was 7.7% for DBP. The detected rates for the plastic film were 29.2%, 20.8% and 8.3% for DEHP, DBP and DEHA, respectively. None of plasticizers in plastic bottles was detectable. The results also showed that DEHP and DBP were the highest two plasticizers while BBP and DOP were not detected in this study. The highest level of DEHA and DEHP were 2.964g/dm2 and 0.327g/dm2, respectively, which were found in the samples of plastic films. The result also showed that plasticizers in distilled water with pH=7 were more easily be migrated than those with pH=3. The distilled water with higher temperature was more easily to release plasticizers. The results of our study also provide information of choosing proper plastic materials and the usage of the plastic products for consumers. We also offer our government with reference to regulate the migration of plasticizers in the food packaging.
目 錄……………………………………………………………..……...Ⅰ
表 目 錄……………………………………………………………………..Ⅲ
圖 目 錄……………………………………………………….…………….Ⅳ
摘 要……………………………………………………….…….……...Ⅴ
Abstract……………………………………………………..……...…..VI
第一章 前 言…………………………………………………….….….1
第一節 研究背景…………………………………………………….…..1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………….…..4
第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………….….….5
第一節 食品塑膠包裝材料使用情形……………………………….…..5
第二節 酸鹽類(phthalate)與DEHA (bis-2-ethylhexyl adipate)基本特性與其使用情形……………………….…………….….5
第三節 塑化劑相關之法規規定………………………………………...7
第四節 人類暴露與塑化劑轉移情形………………………………….…8
第五節 塑化劑之毒性…………………………………………………..15
第三章 材料與方法…………………………………………..........17
第一節 材料……………………………………………………………..17
第二節 方法……………………………………………………………..19
第三節 資料處理與分析………………………………………………..23
第四章 結果……………………….…………………………………….24
第一節 塑膠袋之溶出條件分析………………………………………..24
第二節 塑膠杯或碗塑化劑溶出條件…………………………………..28
第三節 保鮮膜塑化劑溶出條件………………………………………..29
第四節 寶特瓶塑化劑溶出條件………………………………………..31
第五節 分析方法驗證…………………………………………………..31
第五章 討論……………………………………………………….…….33
第一節 塑膠袋溶出之探討……………………………………………..33
第二節 塑膠杯或碗溶出之探討………………………………………..35
第三節 保鮮膜溶出之探討……………………………………………..35
第四節 寶特瓶溶出之探討……………………………………………..37
第五節 研究結果之應用………………………………………………..37
第六節 對生態環境之影響探討………………………………………..38
第七節 研究方法之討論………………………………………………..39
第六章 結論………………………………………………………….….40
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………….42
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