(3.238.88.35) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/11 17:10
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳玲玫
論文名稱:美洲蜚蠊卵鞘的四種處理對瘦蜂寄生及發育之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of four physical treatments of oothecae of periplaneta americana on parasitism and development of the parasitic wasp, evania appendigaster
指導教授:黃紹毅黃紹毅引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:昆蟲學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:美洲蜚蠊瘦蜂冷凍烘箱加熱紫外光加馬射線
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:550
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:32
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
蜚蠊是重要的衛生害蟲之一,其中美洲蜚蠊(Periplaneta americana L.)分佈極為普遍,而瘦蜂(Evania appendigaster L.)為美洲蜚蠊卵鞘寄生蜂之一,可利用於防治美洲蜚蠊。使用美洲蜚蠊為瘦蜂大量飼育之寄主前,必須先抑制其卵鞘之發育,以預防未被寄生之卵鞘孵化出若蟲,造成環境之危害。本研究利用冷凍、烘箱加熱、紫外光照射及加馬射線照射等四種方式處理卵鞘,配合不同處理時間及不同的照射劑量,比較卵鞘之孵化率及瘦蜂對處理後之卵鞘之寄生率、羽化率及發育天數等。有關美洲蜚蠊若蟲之孵化率,紫外光照射處理之卵鞘,不論照射時間的長短,皆可孵出美洲蜚蠊若蟲,而其他三種處理均無若蟲孵化。至於瘦蜂寄生率方面,以冷凍、紫外光及加馬射線處理之卵鞘寄生率較佳,而烘箱加熱處理者次之。在瘦蜂羽化率方面,以紫外光、加馬射線照射處理之卵鞘,對瘦蜂羽化之影響最小,其次為烘箱加熱處理,而冷凍處理的影響最大,其羽化率不及20%。發育時間方面,除了冷凍處理需較長的時間外,其餘三種處理之發育天數約為41-42天。綜合本研究之結果發現,可利用於瘦蜂之大量飼育的方法有冷凍、烘箱加熱及加馬射線等三種處理,其中又以加馬射線照射處理之卵鞘,對瘦蜂之寄生、羽化及發育之影響最小。應用瘦蜂之大量飼育及餌劑之搭配使用,運用於蜚蠊常棲息且人類易忽略之地區如排水系統等,應可有效的降低美洲蜚蠊之族群,進而達到防治之效果,並且可降低對化學藥劑之使用量,以減少環境的破壞。

中文摘要-----------------------------------------------1
前言及前人研究- -------------------------------------3
材料與方法--------------------------------------------15
結果--------------------------------------------------21
討論--------------------------------------------------26
參考文獻----------------------------------------------32
英文摘要--------- -----------------------------------37
圖表--------------------------------------------------38

王正雄。1997。住家蟑螂生物學與防治。中華環境有害生物防治協會,29-236頁
周欽賢、連日清、王正雄。1999。醫學昆蟲修訂第二版。國立編譯館主編,南山堂出版社印行,320-321頁。
胡燦、陳家杰、彭武康。2002。加馬射線對煙甲蟲(Lasioderma serricorne Fabricius)(Coleoptera: Anobiidae)之致死效果。台灣昆蟲 22: 157-162。
黃麒璋。1995。瘦蜂產卵經驗對產卵時間即尋找寄主之影響。中興大學昆蟲學研究所碩士論文,29-31pp。
葉金彰。1995。美洲蜚蠊卵鞘掩埋行為及其應用為卵鞘誘集器之研究。中華昆蟲15:153-161。
穆傳蓁。1993。瘦蜂之生物記要及其產卵行為。中興大學昆蟲學研究所碩士論文,pp。
羅幹成。1997。害蟲生物防治之回顧與展望。植物保護學會會刊39: 85-109。
Ashley, T. R., J. C. Allen and D. Gonzalez. 1974. Successful parasitization of Heliothis zea and Trichoplusia ni eggs by Trichogramma. Environ. Entomol. 3: 319-322.
Brower, J. H. 1982. Parasitization of irradiated eggs and eggs from irradiated adults of the Indianmeal moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by Trichogramma pretiosum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 75: 939-944.
Burditt, A. K. and F. P. Hungate. 1988. Gamma irradiation as a quarantine treatment for cherries infested by Western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 81: 859-862.
Calderon, M. and S. Navarro. 1971. Effects of ultra-violet irradiation on the eggs of Ephestia cautella (Wlk.) (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 7: 309-311.
Cameron, E. 1955. On the parasites and predators of cockroach. I. Tetrastichus hagenowii (Ratz.). Bull. Entomol. Res. 46: 137-147.
Cameron, E. 1957. On the parasites and predators of cockroach. II. Evania appendigaster (L.). Bull. Entomol. Res. 48: 199-208.
Coler, R. R., R. G. Van Driesche and J. S. Elkinton. 1984. Effect of an oothecal parasitoid, Comperia merceti (Compere) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), on a population of the Brownbanded cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattellidae). Environ. Entomol. 13: 603-606.
Dawes, M. A., R. S. Saini, M. A. Mullen, J. H. Brower and P. A. Loretan. 1987. Sensitivity of sweetpotato weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to gamma radiation. J. Econ. Entomol. 80: 142-146.
Edmunds, L. R.1953. Some notes on the Evaniidae as household pests and as a factor in the control of roaches. Ohio J. Sci. 53: 121-122.
Edmunds, L. R. 1954. A study of the biology and life history of Prosevania punctata (Brulle) with notes on additional species (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 47: 575-592.
Edmunds, L. R. 1955. Biological notes on Tetrastichus hagenowii (Ratzeburg), a chalcidoid parasite of cockroach eggs (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae; Orthoptera: Blattidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 48: 210-213.
Goldstein, L. F., P. P. Burbutis and D. G. Ward. 1983. Rearing Trichogramma nubilale (Hymenoptera:Trichogrammatidae) on ultraviolet-irradiated eggs of the European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 76: 969-971.
Goodwin, S. and T. M. Wellham. 1990. Gamma irradiation for disinfestations of cut flowers infested by twospotted spider mite (Acarina: Tetranychidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 83: 1455-1458.
Haber. V. R. 1920. Oviposition by an Evaniid, Evania appendigaster (L). Canad. Entomol. 52: 248.
Hagenbuch, B. E., R. S. Patterson, P. G. Koehler and R. J. Brenner. 1988. Mass production of the cockroach oothecal parasitoid, Tetrastichus hagenowii (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), and its host, the American cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 81: 531-535.
Hagenbuch, B. E., R. S. Patterson and P. G. Koehler. 1989. Biological control of the American cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattidae) with inundative releases of Tetrastichus hagenowii (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 82: 90-94.
Harwalkar, M. R., H. D. Rananavare and G. W. Rahaikar. 1987. Development of Trichogramma brasiliensis (Hym : Trichogrammatidae) on eggs of radiation sterilized females of potato tuberworm, Phthorimaea operculella (Lep.: Gelechiidae). Entomophaga 32: 159-162.
Hechmer, A. and R. G. Van-Driesche. 1996. Ten year persistence of a non-augmented population of the Brownbanded cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattellidae) parasitoid, Comperia merceti ( Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Fla. Entomol. 79: 77-79.
Hu, J. S., D. B. Gelman and R. A. Bell. 1999. Effects of selected physical and chemical treatments of Colorado potato beetle eggs on host acceptance and development of the parasitic wasp, Edovum puttleri. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 90:237-245.
Johnson, J. A., E. L. Soderstrom, D. G. Brandl, L. G. Houck and P. L. Wofford. 1990. Gamma radiation as a quarantine treatment for Fuller rose beetle eggs (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on citrus fruit. J. Econ. Entomol. 83: 905-909.
Kang, B. and J. L. Chang. 1985. Aallergenic impact of inhaled arthopod material. Clin. Rev. Allergy 3: 363-375.
Kumarasinghe, N. C. and J. P. Edirisinghe. 1987. Oothecal parasites of Periplaneta Americana: Parasitization and development in relation to host age. Insect Sci. Appl. 8: 225-228.
Lebeck, L. M. 1991. A review of the hymenopterous natural enemies of cockroaches with emphasis on biological control. Entomophaga 36: 335-352.
Lit, I. L. 1988. A survey of Hymenopterous parasitoids of cockroach oothecae with biological notes on two promising species. Philipp. Agric. 71: 365-370.
Maini, S. and G. Nicoli. 1990. Edovum puttleri (Hym.: Eulophidae): biological activity and responses to normal and frozen eggs of Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Col.: Chrysomelidae). Entomophaga
35: 185-193.
Morgan, P. B., B. J. Smittle and R. S. Patterson. 1986. Use of irradiated pupae to mass culture the microhymenopterous pupal parasitoid Spalangia endius Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). I. Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 21: 222-227.
Nagarkatti, S., K. J. Giroux and T. P. Keeley. 1991. Rearing Trichogramma nubilale (Hymenoptera : Trichogrammatidae) on eggs of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Entomophaga 36: 443-446.
Narasimham, A. U. and T. Sankaran. 1979. Domiciliary cockroaches and their oothecal parasites in India. Entomophaga 24: 273-279.
Piper, G. L., G. W. Frankie and J. Loehr. 1978. Incidence of cockroach egg parasites in urban environments in Texas and Louisiana. Envion. Entomol. 7: 289-293.
Rueger, M. E. and T. A. Olson. 1969. Cockroaches (Blattaria) as vectors of food poisoning and food infection organisms. J. Med. Entomol. 6: 185-189.
Rust, M. K. 1999. Biorational approach for suppressing american cockroaches in sewage systems. Pest management grants final report 1-24.
Rust, M. K., D. A. Reierson and K. H. Hansgen. 1991. Control of American cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattidae) in sewers. J. Med. Entomol. 28: 210-213.
Schal, C., J. Y. Gautier and W. J. Bell. 1984. Behavioural ecology of cockroaches. Biol. Rev. 59: 209-254.
Schulaner, F. A. 1970. Sensitivity to the cockroach in three groups of allergic children. Pediatrics 45: 465-466.
Shamim, S. A., W. Islam and K. A. M. S. H. Mondal. 2001. Biological control potential of the cockroach parasitoid Aprostocetus asthenogmus (Waterston)(Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Insect Pest Control 43: 68-71.
Sharp, J. L. 1995. Mortality of sweetpotato weevil (Coleoptera: Apionidae) stages exposed to gamma irradiation. J. Econ. Entomol. 88: 688-692.
Suiter, D. R., R. S. Patterson and P. G. Koehler. 1998. Seasonal incidence and biological control potential of Aprostocetus hagenowii (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in treehole microhabitats. Environ. Entomol. 27: 434-442.
Thoms, E. M. and W. H. Robinson. 1987. Potential of the cockroach oothecal parasite Prosevania punctata (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) as a biological control agent for the Oriental cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattidae). Environ. Entomol. 16: 938-944.
Toba, H. H. and A. K. Burditt. 1992. Gamma irradiation of Codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) eggs as a quarantine treatment. J. Econ. Entomol. 85: 464-467.
Townes. H. 1949. The nearctic species of Evaniidae. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 99: 525-539.
Weisel-Eichler, A., G. Haspel and F. Libersat. 1999. Venom of a parasitoid wasp induces prolonged grooming in the cockroach. J. Exp. Biol. 202: 957-964.
Westwood, J. O. 1843. On evania and some allied genera of hymenopterous insects. Trans. Entomol. Soc. London 5: 237-278.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔