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研究生:林郁舜
研究生(外文):Yu-Shun Lin
論文名稱:在氣液界面上陰/陽離子混合界劑單分子層行為的研究
論文名稱(外文):Monolayer Behavior of Mixed Anionic/Cationic Surfactants at Air/Liquid Interfaces
指導教授:張鑑祥張鑑祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Hsiang Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:氣液界面上單分子層陰陽離子界面活性劑
外文關鍵詞:monolayercatanionic surfactantBAMAir/liuid interfaces
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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本研究藉由表面壓-分子佔據面積與表面電位-分子佔據面積等溫線的量測,以及Brewster angle 顯微鏡觀測技術,探討在氣液界面上陰陽離子界劑(catanionic surfactant)單分子層的行為。至於陰陽離子界劑單分子層,則是將具有不同碳鏈長度的陰離子及陽離子型界劑同時分佈在氣液界面上所形成的。
實驗結果顯示利用同時分佈的方式,可成功地在氣液界面上形成陰陽離子界劑單分子層。當陰離子或陽離子型界劑的碳鏈長度增加時,會形成較緊密的單分子層,且在壓縮單分子層的過程中,分子聚集domain的形成會變得更顯著,甚至單分子層的液相或液體-凝縮(liquid-condensed)相domains及崩潰結構的形態,均會受到影響。此外,當陰陽離子界劑單分子層崩潰時,出現摺疊的結構,則在單分子層壓縮-擴張迴圈中的分子損失會變得較不明顯。
This study investigated the monolayer behavior of catanionic surfactants at air/water interfaces by measurements of surface pressure-area and surface potential-area isotherms with Brewster angle microscopy observations. The catanionic surfactant monolayers at interfaces were prepared by cospreading mixed cationic/anionic surfactants with various hydrocarbon chain lengths.
The experimental results revealed that catanionic surfactant monolayers could be successfully formed at the interface by the cospreading approach. When the hydrocarbon chain length of anionic or cationic surfactants was increased, a more condensed monolayer was formed and the domain formation during monolayer compression became significant. In addition, the morphology of liquid or liquid-condensed domains and collapse structures of the monolayers were also strongly affected. Furthermore, when a folding structure was found for a collapse catanionic surfactant monolayer, the loss of monolayer-forming molecules during monolayer compression-expansion cycle became insignificant.
中文摘要I
英文摘要II
總目錄III
表目錄VI
圖目錄VII
第一章 緒論1
1.1前言1
1.2研究動機與目的2
1.3文獻回顧2
1.3.1單分子層的等溫線行為2
1.3.2陰陽離子界面活性劑的單分子層行為5
1.3.3氣液界面單分子層的BAM觀察7
1.3.4表面電位10
1.3.5分子聚集domains的形成11
第二章 實驗18
2.1藥品18
2.2儀器19
2.2.1 Brewster angle microscope19
2.2.2表面電位儀20
2.3實驗方法22
2.3.1 陰陽離子界面活性劑的製備22
2.3.2單分子層等溫線的測量23
2.3.3單分子層遲滯曲線的測量23
2.3.4 BAM的操作24
2.3.5表面電位儀的操作26
第三章 結果與討論34
3.1 DS-HTMA單分子層行為34
3.1.1空氣/純水界面34
3.1.2 空氣/NaCl水溶液界面36
3.1.3 IPA單分子層與混合界劑單分子層的比較37
3.2 陰/陽離子混合界劑單分子層40
3.2.1 SDS-DTMAB (12-12)單分子層行為40
3.2.2 STS-TTMAB (14-14)單分子層行為41
3.2.3 STS-HTMAB (14-16)單分子層行為43
3.2.4 SHS-HTMAB (16-16)單分子層行為46
3.2.5 SOS-OTMAB (18-18)單分子層行為48
3.3碳鏈長度效應50
3.4碳鏈對稱性效應52
第四章結論與建議83
4.1結論83
4.2建議85
參考文獻86
誌謝與自述96
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