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研究生:王建智
研究生(外文):Chien-Chih Wang
論文名稱:甲苯類化合物對假單胞菌之瞬時抑制作用與化合物結構關係
論文名稱(外文):Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship for Inhibition Effects of Toluenes to Pseudomonas putida
指導教授:黃得時黃得時引用關係黃守仁黃守仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):De-Shih HuangThou-Jen Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學系專班
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:定量結構活性關係假單胞菌甲苯類
外文關鍵詞:Pseudomonas putidaToluenesQSARs
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此次的研究使用氧電極偵測假單胞菌(ATCC 23973)在不同濃度的甲苯芳香族系列化合物之下對苯甲酸鈉的耗氧初始速率,而得到各化合物的Ki值。並由此Ki值去評估各種甲苯芳香族系列化合物的毒性大小。結果發現,化合物毒性隨著甲烷取代基增加而毒性上升,氯取代基也是如此。而甲苯芳香族化合物系列中,以苯胺系列毒性最小,酚次之。另外,假單胞菌可降解苯甲醛、苯甲酸系列化合物,其中以苯甲醛系列化合物尤其明顯。
此次的研究我們以logKi對MlogP及Elumo作迴歸分析,得到一個方程式:log1/Ki=-0.35(±0.04)ELUMO+0.35(±0.036)MlogP-1.98(±0.1),R2=0.808;而在去除三點偏離點後,得到一個最佳公式:log1/Ki =-0.36 (±0.032 )ELUMO + 0.37 (±0.030) MlogP -2.04 (±0.078);n = 42,R2 = 0.8889。
Acute toxicity of toluene series to Pseudomonas putida(ATCC 23973)was estimated by an initial oxygen uptake method. Inhibition studies of these compounds on the oxidation of benzoate by Pseudomonas putida were expressed as oxygen uptake rates.Double reciprocal plots for the inhibition by these compounds of oxygen uptake in Pseudomonas,a physical constant(Ki) was obtained.
Pseudomonas putida can degrade Benzaldehyde and Benzoic acid series compound. In toluene series,compound with NH2- and OH-substituent were found less toxicity than other substituted toluenes.
In this study,in correlation of log(1/Ki) with logP(logarithm of 1-octanol-water partition coefficient ) and LUMO(lowest unoccupied molecular orbital),the following one equation were obtained.
log1/Ki =-0.36 (±0.032 )ELUMO+0.37 (±0.030) MlogP -2.04 (±0.08)
n = 42,R2 = 0.8889,s = 0.15,F = 152.09
誌謝-------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅰ
中文摘要---------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅲ
英文摘要---------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅳ
目錄-------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅴ
表目錄-----------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅶ
圖目錄-----------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅷ
第一章緒論---------------------------------------------------------------1
一、生物方法應用於毒性評估-----------------------------------------1
二、利用生物測試化合物毒性的方法-----------------------------------2
三、假單胞菌的簡介-------------------------------------------------8
四、甲苯的降解途徑-------------------------------------------------8
五、結構-活性定量關係----------------------------------------------9
六、實驗目的------------------------------------------------------13
第二章實驗--------------------------------------------------------------14
一、藥品----------------------------------------------------------14
二、儀器----------------------------------------------------------16
三、實驗內容------------------------------------------------------17
第三章結果--------------------------------------------------------------33
一、生物可降解(degrade)化合物的類型-------------------------------34
二、競爭型抑制(Competitive inhibition)模式------------------------36
三、非競爭型抑制模式(Noncompetitive inhibition)及偏離點(Outlier) -36
四、化合物毒性與構造關係------------------------------------------41
第四章結論--------------------------------------------------------------44
參 考 文 獻----------------------------------------------------------------45
附 錄----------------------------------------------------------------49
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J. L. M. Hermens, and T. W. Schultz. Bioavailability, Biodegradation, and Acclimation of Tetrahymena pyriformis to 1-Octanol. Ecotoxicol. and Environ. Safety 44:86-91,1999.
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16.Niculescu, S. P., K. L. E. Kaiser., and T. W. Schultz. Modeling the Toxicity of Chemicals to Tetrahymena pyriformis Using Molecular Fragment Descriptors and Probabilistic Neural Networks. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 39:289—298, 2000.
17 Ramos, E. U., W. H. J. Vaes, P. Mayer, and J. L.M. Hermens.Algal growth inhibition of Chlorella pyrenoidosa by polar narcotic pollutants: toxic cell concentrations and QSAR modeling. Aquatic Toxicol:46,1—10, 1999.
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