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研究生:洪景原
研究生(外文):Jing-Yuan Hong
論文名稱:生技公司營運特性、組織能力及經營績效之關聯性研究
指導教授:陳忠仁陳忠仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Jen Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:經營績效生技產業研發能力組織資本策略活動財務能力
外文關鍵詞:Organizational CapitalBiotech IndustryBusiness PerformanceR&D CapabilityStrategic ActivitiesFinancial Capability
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由於目前資訊產業趨於成熟,展望於二十一世紀,各國政府均將生技產業發展列為國家重要發展目標,於是生物科技產業及廠商之發展成為學術界與實務界極欲了解之課題。對於生技公司關於組織資本以及策略活動對生技公司經營績效的影響,以及組織資本、策略活動、財務能力、研發能力、經營績效五個變數之間的關聯性研究卻是相關文獻較少探討之課題。因此,本研究以此為研究動機提出下列四個研究目的:
1. 探討生技公司組織資本、策略活動、財務能力、研發能力對經營績效影響,藉以瞭解影響生技公司經營績效之因素。
2. 探討生技公司組織資本、策略活動對財務能力、研發能力的影響,評估生技公司營運特性與功能性組織能力之關聯。
3. 探討財務能力對研發能力的影響,可使企業瞭解生技公司財務能力如何影響研發能力。
本研究主要是探討生技公司的經營過程中,整理出營運特性與組織能力的互動模式,以及營運特性與組織能力對經營績效的影響。而關於組織資本、策略活動、財務能力、研發能力之間的互動模式做出假設1-5;關於組織資本、策略活動、財務能力、研發能力對生技公司經營績效做出假設6-9。
本研究於民國91年9月透過The Bioworld Online生技資料庫中取得包含世界各國生技公司原始資料共1711筆,並運用複回歸進行統計分析。
研究結果發現(1)組織資本會對生技公司財務能力產生影響,(2)組織資本會對生技公司研發能力產生影響,(3)策略活動會對生技公司財務能力產生影響,(4)策略活動會對生技公司研發能力產生影響,(5)財務能力會對生技公司研發能力產生影響,(6)組織資本會對生技公司經營績效產生影響,(7)財務能力會對生技公司經營績效產生影響,(8)研發能力會對生技公司經營績效產生影響,(9)策略活動會對生技公司經營績效產生影響。鑑於此結果,本研究建議生技公司在經營的過程中,除了以往所強調的研發能力外,更要重視組織資本、策略活動、財務能力對於經營績效的影響,以及如何透過組織資本、策略活動來促進財務能力、研發能力的形成。
Due to IT industry matured, the governments around the world view the development of biotech industry as extremely important developmental goals. The academy and practice also are eager to understand the developments of biotech industry and biotech firms. Although the increasing importance of the biotech industry, little has been done in the literature in examining the relationships among the organizational capital, strategic activities, financial capability, R&D capability, and the business performance of the firms. Therefore, this study attempts to fill the gap in the literature by providing an integrative research framework through extensive literature review to identify the key determinants and to examine the relationships among these determinants, and the business performance of the firms. Based on these determinants, hypotheses were proposed and then examined through an empirical study.
The population in the study originated from the database of The Bioworld Online. The profiles of 1711 firms were collected during September 2002.
The major finding of this study include: According to results of the regression analyses:First, the results show support for the direct effects of organizational capital and strategic activities on financial capability and R&D capability. Secondly, the results suggest that organizational capital, strategic activities, financial capability and R&D capability have direct impacts on the firms’ business performance. Finally, the results also show direct effects of financial capability on R&D capability.
第一章 緒論................................................. 1-1
第一節 研究動機.............................................1-1
第二節 研究目的.............................................1-4
第三節 研究流程.............................................1-5
第四節 論文結構.............................................1-6
第二章 文獻回顧與探討....................................... 2-1
第一節 生技產業之定義與發展................................. 2-1
第二節 生技產業相關研究回顧與整理........................... 2-11
第三節 研究假設推論......................................... 2-14
第三章 研究設計與研究方法................................... 3-1
第一節 研究架構.............................................3-1
第二節 變數的操作性定義..................................... 3-2
第三節 資料收集與分析....................................... 3-6
第四節 樣本結構.............................................3-9
第四章 實證結果與分析....................................... 4-1
第五章 結論與建議........................................... 5-1
第一節 研究結論............................................. 5-1
第二節 研究貢獻............................................. 5-7
第三節 研究建議.............................................5-8
參考文獻..................................................... -1-
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