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研究生:蔡望生
研究生(外文):Wang-Sheng Tsai
論文名稱:台灣晚更新世洞穴碳酸鈣之鍶同位素初步研究
論文名稱(外文):Preliminary Study of Strontium Isotope in Late Pleistocene Speleothems in Taiwan
指導教授:游鎮烽
指導教授(外文):Chen-Feng You
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:地球科學系碩博士班
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:同位素比值同位素值濃度洞穴碳酸鈣
外文關鍵詞:Srspeleothemisotopic ratioCarbonOxygen
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  台灣新竹關西與高雄壽山地區三件洞穴碳酸鈣標本經過定年、碳氧同位素值、鍶濃度與鍶同位素比值的測定結果顯示,壽山鐘乳石(TSC-1)生長年代約為13500-9020年前,壽山石筍(TSG-1)生長年代約為41100-16220年前,關西鐘乳石(GS)受限於放射性碳十四定年法的限制以定年控制點的位置推算生長年代約為165000∼13000年前;碳氧同位素結果顯示本研究中洞穴碳酸鈣的碳、氧同位素變化可以判讀為主要來自地表植被以及降雨的變化所致;鍶濃度極可能與氣候所導致的生長速率變化有關;鍶同位素比值的差異研判洞穴碳酸鈣在沉積的時候,可能受到其他來源的混染;鍶同位素比值對鍶濃度倒數作圖推測,關西與壽山兩地的洞穴碳酸鈣各有三種外來沉積端源與基礎端源混合。基礎端源為石灰圍岩與另一固定的沉積來源混合後形成。壽山地區的主要外來沉積有細粒黃土、粗粒黃土以及海水或天水;關西地區則為海水或天水、黃土灰塵和火山碎屑;沉積來源變化與季風的轉變相呼應,洞穴碳酸鈣的鍶同位素具有相當潛力成為研究季風變化的有利工具。
  Stable isotopes of C and O in speleothems record the change of paleohumidity, precipitation intensity and temperature. Strontium isotopes, however, can be the most powerful tracer for studying possible sources of groundwater in the past due to its negligible isotopic fractionation during physical or chemical processes operating at the surface of Earth (such as evaporation, precipitation or temperature variation).
We have collected three cave carbonates from Guan-si and Shoushan for a detailed investigation of possible environmental changes in the last 1650,000 years. The geologic conditions of Guan-si area located in northwestern Taiwan, mainly Miocene to Pliocen sedimentary rocks with inserted basaltic volcanic detritus, are distinctive from that of Shoushan area (Pleistocene marine carbonate) in the southwestern Taiwan. The carbon and oxygen isotopic values of well-dated speleothems, Guan-si stalactite (165,000~13,000ka), Shoushan stalagmite (41,100~16,220ka) and stalactite (13,500~9,020ka), record very important climatic events occurred in the last 165000 years, including the last glacial-interglacial transition and Younger Dryas event. Temporal strontium concentrations showed similar trends with the oxygen isotopic records, possibly dominated by growth rate changes due to groundwater supply. Sr isotopic ratios showed interesting source variations other than ambient carbonates.
Our preliminary results imply that climate changes accompanied with monsoon changes influence significantly the Sr source variation in ground water. Strontium and stable isotopic study of speleothems has tremendous potential to be a powerful tool of paleomonsoon research.
考試合格證明 i
摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
內文目錄 iv
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 ix
照片目錄 ix
附錄 79
自述

內文目錄
壹、導論 1
 一、研究背景 1
 二、基本原理 3
  (一)洞穴碳酸鈣的形成原理 3
  (二)氧同位素的氣候意義 5
  (三)碳同位素的氣候意義 7
  (四)鍶同位素的地球化學意義 8
 三、研究目的 9

貳、研究區域地質與標本特性 10
 一、高雄壽山石筍(編號TSG-1)與鐘乳石(編號TSC-1) 10
  (一)研究區域地質概述 10
  (二)標本特性 10
    1標本採集 10
    2標本描述 15
 二、新竹關西鐘乳石 15
  (一)研究區域地質概述 15
  (二)標本特性 19
    1標本採集 19
    2標本描述 19

參、研究方法 21
 一、生長軸細部取樣與化學分析 22
  (一)生長軸細部取樣 22
  (二)鍶濃度分析 22
  (三)鍶同位素分析 22
  (四)碳、氧同位素分析 25
 二、分析原理與儀器簡介 26
  (一)原子吸收光譜法及儀器 26
  (二)熱離子源質譜法及儀器 28
  (三)碳氧同位素質譜儀 29

肆、結果 31
 一、定年結果與修正 31
 二、碳氧同位素結果與判讀 33
 三、鍶濃度與同位素比值結果 39

伍、討論 45
 一、氣候與鍶化學指標的比較 45
  (一)[44ka之前]氣候資料與其他指標的比較 45
    1氣候變化資料探討與比較 45
    2鍶濃度、鍶同位素比值與氣候資料比較 47
  (二)[44-16ka]氣候資料與其他指標的比較 48
    1氣候變化資料探討與比較 48
    2鍶濃度、鍶同位素比值與氣候資料比較 50
  (三)[16-10ka]氣候資料與其他指標的比較 52
    1氣候變化資料探討與比較 52
    2鍶濃度、鍶同位素比值與氣候資料比較 56
    3氣候資料綜合比較與討論 57
 二、比較前人研究與探討 57
  (一)氣候資料的探討 57
  (二)鍶濃度與氣候關係的探討 59
  (三)鍶同位素與沉積來源的探討 60
  (四)沉積來源與氣候的探討 60

陸、結論 66

柒、參考文獻 69
一、中文部份 69
二、英文部份 70

圖目錄
圖1-1.洞穴碳酸鈣形成示意圖 4
圖2-1.壽山地區地質圖 11
圖2-2.壽山石灰岩區域地質圖 12
圖2-3.壽山地形與洞穴位置圖 13
圖2-4.壽山地區1號洞穴之立體圖示 14
圖2-5.關西採樣點區域地質圖 18
圖2-6.關西鐘乳石採樣後剖面 20
圖3-1.本研究實驗流程示意圖 21
圖3-2.AA離子濃度與吸收值關係圖 26
圖3-3.原子吸收光譜儀分光系統示意圖 27
圖3-4.熱離子源質譜法示意圖 28
圖4-1.關西鐘乳石GS碳同位素紀錄 34
圖4-2.關西鐘乳石GS氧同位素紀錄 35
圖4-3.高雄壽山石筍TSG-1碳同位素與氧同位素結果 36
圖4-4.高雄壽山鐘乳石TSC-1碳同位素與氧同位素結果 37
圖4-5.碳氧同位素對比 39
圖4-6.關西鐘乳石GS鍶濃度隨時間變化結果 40
圖4-7.關西鐘乳石GS鍶同位素值隨時間變化結果 41
圖4-8.壽山洞穴碳酸鈣鍶濃度隨時間變化結果 42
圖4-9.壽山洞穴碳酸鈣鍶同位素值隨時間變化結果 43
圖4-10.洞穴碳酸鈣鍶同位素值對比鍶濃度倒數結果圖 44
圖5-1 關西鐘乳石(44ka以前)氣候資料與鍶化學對比 46
圖5-2關西鐘乳石(12-44ka)與壽山石筍TSG-1氣候資料對比 49
圖5-3氣候資料(12-44ka)與鍶濃度對比 51
圖5-4氣候資料(12-44ka)與關西鐘乳石鍶同位素值對比 53
圖5-5氣候資料(12-44ka)與壽山石筍鍶同位素值對比 54
圖5-6 壽山鐘乳石與關西鐘乳石氣候資料與鍶化學對比 55
圖5-7本研究氣候資料與Hellstrom等人(1998)的研究結果比較 58
圖5-8本研究樣品與黃土鍶同位素比值與鍶濃度倒數比較 61
圖5-9黃土的粒徑與銣鍶同位素的關係 62

表目錄
表1-1.古環境訊息紀錄器之特性 2
表1-2 .C3與C4植物特性比較 7
表4-1.關西鐘乳石定年結果 31
表4-2.壽山石筍定年結果 32
表4-3.壽山鐘乳石定年結果 33
表5-1.中國蘭州黃土粒徑與Rb-Sr化學資料關係表 62

照片目錄

照片2-1.壽山石筍(TSG-1)全貌 16
照片2-2.壽山石筍(TSG-1)根部橫切剖面 16
照片2-3.壽山鐘乳石(TSC-1)外貌 17
照片2-4.壽山鐘乳石(TSC-1)縱剖面 17
照片2-5.壽山鐘乳石(TSC-1)根部視圖 17
照片3-1.本研究中細部取樣所使用之迷你電鑽 23
照片3-2.壽山石筍細部採樣後剖面 23
照片3-3.鍶元素分離實驗器材 24
照片3-4.負載鍶樣品的Ta燈絲 24
照片3-5.國立成功大學地球科學系原子吸收光譜儀 30
照片3-6.國立成功大學地球科學系Triton TI熱離子源質譜儀 30
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