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研究生:郭鐘亮
研究生(外文):Jon-Lian Kwo
論文名稱:奈米碳管應用於場發射顯示器之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Carbon Nanotubes as Emitter for Using in Field Emission Display Devices
指導教授:橫山明聰蘇炎坤蘇炎坤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Meiso YokoyamaYan-Kuin Su
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:91
語文別:英文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:場發射顯示器奈米碳管網印
外文關鍵詞:carbon nanotubesfield emission displayscreen printing
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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  奈米碳管首次由Iijima於1991所發現,由於它特殊的物理特性及相關的應用潛力,奈米碳管吸引許多研究學者投入。奈米碳管是由石墨的結構捲屈而成,它的直徑約在4 到 30 奈米之間而其長度約從1毫微米至數百毫微米之間。因為奈米碳管非常大的高寬比讓它的場發射特性優於其它場發射材料,其場發射電流能夠大至10 mA/cm2,而起始電場只有0.8 V/mm。

  在本論文中我們研究利用網印的技術來製做場發射顯示器。我們使用直流電弧放電來製做奈米碳管,以此法所做的碳管多數是多層結構。而所成長的奈米碳管以簡單的二極量測來測試其場發射特性。

  由於利用直流電弧放電所生成的奈米碳管可長至數百毫微米,因此我們利用球磨的方法將碳管打斷成約10毫微米,然後再跟銀漿混合形成含有奈米碳管的漿料。之後使用網印的方式將此漿料印在基板上以做為場發射測試之用。我們發現在網印之後需要做些表面處理好讓碳管露出表面才能得到良好的場發射特性,我們使用了電漿蝕刻與噴砂兩種方法以使碳管露出表面。測試的結果發現到噴砂的效果顯著,而電漿蝕刻改善的程度有限。

  利用本研究的技術我們試做了一個具有15個畫素的場發射型數字顯示器,並且提出簡單的控制方式。利用此控制方式可以讓這個場發射型數字顯示器以動態的方式展現數字0~9。
  Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which were first observed by Iijima in 1991, have been attracting considerable attention because of their unique physical properties and the potential for a variety of applications. The needle-like tubes comprised of coaxial tubes, which are constructed by rolling up graphite sheets, ranging its size from 4 to 30 nm in diameter and up to 100 mm in length. Due to their high aspect ratios and very small curvature of its tip, the nanotubes exhibit excellent field emission characteristics. High field emission current density of 10 mA/cm2 and low turn-on electric field of 0.8 V/mm have been demonstrated. In this dissertation, the printing-FED fabricated based on the screen-printing technology was studied.

  We used DC arc discharge to synthesize carbon nanotubes. The carbon nanotubes produced by the way feature a multi-wall structure. And the field emission characteristic of the CNT-trunk was test by a simple diode structure.

  The carbon nanotubes were then crushed into 10μm in length by ball-milling. And then carbon nanotubes were mixed with silver paste to form the carbon nanotubes slurry. The carbon nanotubes slurry was than printed on the substrate and the field emission characteristic was performed using a diode configuration. The surface of the printing substance was treated by plasma etching or sand-blowing milling. The result shows that only the sand-blowing milling process shows the significant improvement of the field emission for the surface treatment.

  Base on the technology developed in this study, a numerical indicator consisting fifteen pixels was demonstrated. And the current control device of each pixel is proposed. The numerical image of 0~9 indicated the capability of data addressing.
Abstract (in Chinese).........................................................................................IV
Abstract (in English)..........................................................................................VI
Acknowledgement.............................................................................................VIII
Table Caption...................................................................................................X
Figure Caption..................................................................................................X

Chapter 1. Introduction
 1.1 Overview.................................................................................................1
 1.2 Motivation...............................................................................................1
 1.3 Basic principle of field emission display....................................................3
 1.4 The theory of field emission.....................................................................5
 1.5 The emissive cathode...............................................................................8
  1.5.1 Spindt cathode..................................................................................8
  1.5.2 Si-technology emitters.......................................................................10
  1.5.3 The p-n junction diode cold cathode..................................................11
  1.5.4 Surface emission/conduction emitter..................................................12
  1.5.5 The low work function or “Negative Electron Affinity” cold cathode...13

Chapter 2. Introduction of carbon nanotubes
 2.1 History of carbon nanotube......................................................................26
 2.2 Structure of carbon nanotubes and its field emission property....................26
 2.3 Synthesize of carbon nanotubes................................................................28
  2.3.1 Carbon nanotubes synthesized using carbon arc discharge...................28
  2.3.2 Carbon nanotubes synthesized using chemical vapor deposition...........29

Chapter 3. Synthesize carbon nanotube by arc discharge
    and its field emission characteristic
 3.1 Motivation.................................................................................................43
 3.2 Set up of Arc-discharge apparatus..............................................................44
 3.3 Process of synthesize carbon nanotube.......................................................46
 3.4 Field emission of nanotubes-trunk...............................................................48
 3.5 Result and discussion.................................................................................49

Chapter 4. The printing carbon nanotubes emitter
 4.1 Motivation..................................................................................................65
 4.2 Process of printing carbon nanotubes emitter...............................................66
 4.3 Pre-treatment of carbon nanotubes emitter surface........................................67
 4.4 Result and discussion..................................................................................69

Chapter 5 Demonstration of 15-dots field emission display
 5.1 Motivation...................................................................................................78
 5.2 Process of 15-dots field emission display.....................................................79
 5.3 Driving of the dot........................................................................................79
 5.4 Result and discussion..................................................................................80

Chapter 6. Conclusion and future prospects...........................................................89

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