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研究生:孫嘉宏
研究生(外文):Chia-Hung Sun
論文名稱:新型電源互動型不斷電系統之研製
論文名稱(外文):A Novel Design of Line-Interactive Uninterruptible Power Supplies
指導教授:黃世杰黃世杰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shyh-Jier Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:現場可規劃邏輯陣列不斷電系統
外文關鍵詞:FPGAUPS
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本論文提出一新型之電源互動型不斷電系統,該系統可視不同之市電運轉狀態,操作於主動電力濾波或備用電源模式,以提供高品質電源系統供負載使用。文中所提系統工作在主動電力濾波模式時,只需一組電流回授訊號,即可完成市電電流諧波補償與虛功補償功能;而備用電源模式則利用觀測電容電流,輔以一階電流控制法實現系統備用電源特性,以達到簡化系統電路及增加響應速度之目的。本論文在電路設計上,係採行類比與數位混合模式設計,再利用現場可邏輯規劃陣列予以實現,其優點是不需透過週邊電路,即可進行電路之修改與配置,因此可縮短硬體設計時程,降低電路開發成本,且更符經濟效益。由文中實驗波形量測結果,得知所提之架構確已具有電力品質改善之效果,可證實本論文所提方法之可行性及其實用價值。
A novel design of line-interactive uninterruptible power supplies is proposed in this thesis. In the designated circuit, by utilizing single-stage power converter, the proposed system can be operated either in the active power filter mode or in the battery-discharging mode based on the operating state of mains power. When the system is operated at the active power filter mode, harmonic reduction and reactive power compensation can be both achieved via a set of current feedback signals. When the system is operated at the battery-discharging mode, by deeming the capacitor current as the control variable, the first-order current control method can be also formulated such that the system stability is accordingly maintained while the system circuit is simplified and the speed response is improved. As for the controller design, the field programmable gate array (FPGA) has been employed for digital realization in anticipation of reducing the complexity of hardware circuit design and lowering down the development cost. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed system, the method has been validated under different scenarios. Both numerical simulations and experimental outcome support the feasibility of the proposed approach for the applications considered.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
符號說明 XII
第一章緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 目的及方法 5
1-3 內容大綱 6
第二章電源互動型不斷電系統之操作理論 8
2-1 簡介 8
2-2 系統架構描述 8
2-3 不斷電系統種類 10
2-3-1 離線型不斷電系統 12
2-3-2 在線型不斷電系統 14
2-3-3 電源互動型不斷電系統 16
2-4 控制模型之理論推導 19
2-4-1 主動電力濾波模式 19
2-4-2 備用電源模式 24
第三章系統硬體規劃 28
3-1 簡介 28
3-2 類比控制器(主動濾波模式) 29
3-3 數位控制器(備用電源模式) 34
3-3-1 A/D轉換控制器 36
3-3-2 數位鎖相迴路 38
3-3-3 數位加法器及減法器 41
3-3-4 數位2補數乘法器 43
3-3-5 數位比例積分器 44
3-3-6 電容電流觀測器 46
3-3-7 脈波寬度調變器 48
3-4 主電力電路 50
3-4-1 電力轉換器 50
3-4-2 低通濾波器 53
3-4-3 直流電容 53
3-5 功率晶體驅動電路 54
3-6 保護電路 55
3-6-1 軟式保護電路 55
3-6-2 電壓保護電路 58
3-6-3 電流保護電路 61
3-7 模式切換電路 64
3-8 電源互動型不斷電系統之模擬結果 67
第四章實驗結果 76
4-1 簡介 76
4-2 GATE使用率與FPGA佈線圖 77
4-3 主動電力濾波功能測試 83
4-4 備用電源功能測試 90
4-5硬體實作 94
第五章結論與未來研究方向 97
5-1 結論 97
5-2 未來研究方向 97
參考文獻 99
作者簡介 104
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