跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.201.97.0) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/13 11:19
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:莊二龍
研究生(外文):Erh-Lung Chuang
論文名稱:高效率感應電機之特性分析
論文名稱(外文):Characteristic Analyses of High Efficiency Induction Machines
指導教授:王醴
指導教授(外文):L. Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:117
中文關鍵詞:有限元素
外文關鍵詞:finite element
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:14
  • 點閱點閱:674
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:136
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本論文旨其目標為提昇傳統感應電機之效率並分析電機特性分析。由於一般傳統感應電機主要缺點在於其效率低於同步電機,故如何就電機的尺寸、材料及設計方法等因素,以提昇感應電機的效率乃成為本論文研究的重心。在本論文中分別使用感應電機之等效電路與有限元素兩種模型,分析高效率感應電機之穩態及動態特性。
在本論文的研究內容中,將以兩部三相、220 V(Δ)/380 V(Y)、4極、1馬力之傳統感應電機與高效率感應電機做比較,針對這兩部電機在感應馬達、獨立自激式感應發電機以及市電併聯型感應發電機等三種運轉模式做分析,除完成各運轉模式之穩態及動態特性外,並搭配實測及模擬方式做深入驗證,俾歸納及分析高效率感應電機的重要特性。
The purpose of this thesis focuses on both efficiency improvement and characteristic analyses of conventional induction machines. The primary drawback of a conventional induction machine is its lower efficiency as compared to a synchronous machine of the same ratings and size. This thesis employs both equivalent-circuit method and finite-element method to analyze transient and steady-state performance of an induction machine in order to promote efficiency by modifying its size, the employed core material, and difference design scheme, etc.
The performance of two three-phase, 220 V(Δ)/380 V(Y), 4 poles, 1 HP induction machines of conventional and high-efficiency are employed to investigate and compared. Three operating modes of an induction machine, i.e., induction motor, isolated self-excited induction generator and grid-connected induction generator, are respectively utilized. Both steady-state and transient characteristics as well as both experimental and simulated results of the two studied induction machines are performed and compared in order to validate the important features of the high-efficiency induction machines.
中文摘要..................................................Ⅰ
英文摘要..................................................Ⅱ
誌謝......................................................Ⅲ
目錄......................................................IV
圖目錄...................................................VII
表目錄.....................................................X
符號說明..................................................XI
第一章 緒論................................................1
1-1 研究動機........................................1
1-2 相關文獻回顧....................................3
1-3 研究內容概述....................................5
第二章 FLUX 2D模擬軟體之使用...............................7
2-1 FLUX 2D簡介....................................7
2-2 有限元素分析簡介...............................7
2-3 感應電動機原始設計雛型的幾何建
構與參數設定.......................................10
2-4 FLUX 2D軟體模擬時之重點提示...................20
2-5 FLUX 2D之參數.................................22
2-5-1 FLUX 2D 之繞組設定......................24
2-5-2 FLUX 2D之末匝設定.......................25
2-6 FLUX 2D模擬總結...............................27
第三章 感應電機之結構分析與研究...........................29
3-1 前言...........................................29
3-2 三相感應電機之基本構造...........................29
3-2-1 感應機分類、構造及材料.....................30
3-2-2 感應電動機之基本動作原理...................31
3-3 感應電機之設計規畫...............................32
3-3-1 氣隙寬度變動之影響.......................36
3-3-2 鐵心疊片厚度變動之影響...................37
3-3-3 定子線圈匝數變動的影響...................38
3-3-4 不同矽鋼片材質的影響.....................39
3-3-5 感應電動機之模擬與實測
特性比較.................................40
3-4 結論...........................................42
第四章 感應電機之等效電路模型.............................44
4-1 前言...........................................44
4-2 感應機參數量測.................................44
4-3 感應電機之交直軸等效電路模型...................51
4-4 感應發電機之三相等效電路模型...................56
第五章 感應電動機之特性分析...............................61
5-1 前言...........................................61
5-2 感應電動機之電磁場模擬分析.....................62
5-3 感應電動機模式下之模擬與實測
比較...........................................71
5-4 結論...........................................76
第六章 感應發電機之特性分析...............................78
6-1 前言...........................................78
6-2 獨立自激式感應發電機的動作原理.................78
6-3 特徵值及特徵值靈敏度分析.......................82
6-3-1 臨界電容值求解...........................86
6-3-2 臨界轉速值求解...........................90
6-4 獨立自激式感應發電機之模擬與實
測結果.........................................92
6-4-1 穩態結果分析.............................92
6-4-2 動態結果分析......................................100
6-5 市電併聯型感應發電機之模擬與
實測結果......................................103
6-6 結論................................................107
第七章 結論與未來研究方向................................108
參考文獻.................................................112
附錄.....................................................114
作者自述.................................................117
[1] S. Williamson and C.I. McClay, “Optimization of the geometry of closed rotor slots for cage induction motors,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 32, no. 1, 1996, pp. 560-568.
[2] S. Williamson and M.A. Mueller, “Calculation of the impedance of rotor cage end rings,” IEE Proceedings, Part B, vol. 140, no. 1, January 1993, pp. 51-60.
[3] R. Buschart, “Motor efficiency,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 15, no. 5, 1979, pp. 507-510.
[4] J. Haataja and J. Pyrhönen, “Improving 3-phase induction motors’ efficiency in Europe, The challenge for manufactures,” IEE Conference Publication, EMD 97, no. 444, September 1997, pp. 190-194.
[5] A.H. Bonnett, “Reliability comparison between standard and energy efficient motors,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 33, no. 1, 1997, pp. 135-142.

[6] J.A. Kilbum and R.H. Daugherty, “NEMA Design E Motors and Controls,” Copying Material IEEE, 1998, pp. 1-10.
[7] E. Vassent, G. Meunier, and A. Foggia, “Simulation of induction machines using complex magnetic finite element method coupled with the circuit equations,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 27, no. 5, September 1991, pp. 4246-4249.
[8] R. De Weerdt and R. Belmans, “Squirrel cage induction motor end effects using 2D and 3D finite elements,” IEE Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, 1995, pp. 62-66.
[9] A. Bentounsi and A. Nicolas, “On line diagnosis of defaults on squirrel cage motors using FEM,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 34, no. 5, September 1998, pp. 3511-3514.
[10] A.C. Smith, “Integrating FE into induction motor design-a marriage of inconvenience?” 2000 The Institution of Electrical Engineers, pp. 4/1-4/7.
[11] D.G. Dorrell, T.J.E. Miller and C.B. Rassmussen, “Inter-bar currents in induction machines,” Industry Applications Conference on 2001 36th IAS Annual Meeting, vol. 2, 2001, pp. 729-736.
[12] H. Kometani and K. Nakanishi, “3-D Electro-magnetic analysis of a cage induction motor with rotor skew,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 11, no. 2, June 1996, pp. 331-337.
[13] P. Zhon, S. Stanton, and Z.J. Cendes, “Dynamic modeling of three phase and single phase induction motors,” International Conference on Electric Machines and Drives, May 1999, pp. 556-558.
[14] K. Davey, “Rotating field analysis using boundary element methods,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 35, no. 3, May 1999, pp. 1402-1405.
[15] A.I. Alolah, “Capacitance requirements for three phase self-excited reluctance generator,” IEE Proceedings, Part C, vol. 138, no. 3, May 1991, pp. 193-198.
[16] 吳榮隆、郭政謙等共譯,電機機械,美商麥格羅-希爾國際股份有限公司,高立出版社,民國83年。
[17] 何清佳,電機設計,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,民87年2月。
[18] 李玉楨,應用有限元素法分析橫向磁場式開關磁阻型線性電動機之空間電磁力,國立中山大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國86年6月。
[19] 蔣豫政,獨立串聯自激同步發電機之研究,國立成功大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國86年6月。
[20] 曹慶忠,市電併聯型感應發電機之分析,國立成功大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國89年6月。
[21] 郭松村,獨立自激式感應發電機之負載特性分析,國立成功大學電機工程研究所博士論文,民國91年12月。
[22] 陳賜恭,單相感應電動機與單相感應馬達之特性分析,國立成功大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國91年6月。
[23] 劉士傑,以有限元素法探討電力系統三相電壓不平衡之成因及對感應電動機之影響,國立雲林科技大學電機工程系碩士論文,民國90年6月。
[24] 陳正宗、邱垂鈺,有限元素分析與工程實例-MSC/NASTRAN軟體應用,北門出版社,民國85年6月初版。
[25] CEDRAT, FLUX2D Version 7.40 User’s Guide, June 1999.
[26] MAGSOFT, Flux2D Version 7.2x Command Reference, 1993-98 Magsoft Corporation, 1998.
[27] MAGSOFT, PREFLU2D TEE Induction Motor Tutorial Version 2.2x, 1993-98 Magsoft Corporation, 1998.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top