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研究生:洪維廷
研究生(外文):Wei-Ting Hung
論文名稱:ABS廢料中添加礦石粉對焚化煙道廢氣多環芳香烴化合物減量之研究
論文名稱(外文):Reduction of PAH Emission in the Flue Gas of ABS Plastic Waste Incineration by Adding Mineral Powder
指導教授:李俊德李俊德引用關係李文智李文智引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Teh LiWen-Jhy Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:礦石粉未多環芳香烴焚化爐ABS廢料
外文關鍵詞:Mineral powderABS wasteIncineratorPAHs
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本研究是以一套固定床式焚化爐進行ABS ( Acrylonitrile-Butadiene- Styrene Terpolymers)石化廢棄物之批次焚化實驗,試圖藉由加入不同的礦石粉和酵素混合物,來瞭解天然有機酵素和天然礦石粉對焚化煙道廢氣中所含多環芳香烴化合物(Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons,簡稱PAHs)之減量效果。煙道廢氣的採樣是以Auto5TM自動煙道採樣器配合冷卻系統進行等速採樣,在分析上則以GC/MS (Gas Chromatograph/Mass spectrometer )進行定性及定量的測定。
  由文獻可知,本固定床式焚化爐在進行ABS廢料焚化之最佳操作條件(第一、二燃燒室焚化溫度分別為450°C、900°C,第一、二然燒室供風量分別為900 NL/min、1200 NL/min),所以本實驗也在此條件下進行操作。利用預先泡製的兩種天然礦石粉(分別為片狀蛇紋岩和泥狀蛇紋岩),以1:1的方式分別和天然有機酵素混合後加入批次進料中。研究結果顯示:礦石粉對廢氣中PAHs的平均減量效果可達72.9 %。其煙道排放之平均PAHs濃度為53.2 μg/Nm3;在灰燼中PAHs平均含量為1.15μg/g;總PAHs之排放率為77.3 mg/hr,排放係數為19.3 mg/Kg-ABS。
由上述實驗結果可以了解,在環數的分佈方面,煙道廢氣所排放的主要為二~三環的PAHs,約佔了80%~90%的比例,其次為五~七環,而以四環之PAHs為最少。雖在加入礦石粉之後,灰燼中之PAHs含量有增加之情況,但天然有機酵素或者是天然有機酵素混合礦石粉,對於廢氣中PAH都有不錯的減量效果。
A batch-type, fixed-bed and controlled-air incinerator was used for the treatment of ABS waste. We tried to find out a way to reduce the PAHs emission from the fuel gas of a batch-feed incineration by adding different kinds of mixed additive. The additives include natural fermenter and two kinds of natural mineral powder. The PAH samples were analyzed by using a Hewlett Packard GC/MS.
Operational parameters, including temperature and amount of air-supply for the primary and secondary combustion chambers, affect the contents and concentrations of particulate, CO and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)in the stack flue-gas. The bottom ash samples from the incineration were also collected and analyzed. Literature show that the optimal conditions for ABS waste incineration are Tprimary=450℃, Tsecondary=900℃, Aprimary=900 NL/min, Aseconday= 1,100 NL/min. Two kinds of natural mineral powder — Marmolite, Serpentinite, first soaked in the natural fermenter for more than five days, were separately blended with the natural fermenter at 1:1 (weight) as the batch-feed additives. The batch-feed additives result in a mean reduction of 68.4 % of PAHs emission from the flue gas. The mean total-PAH concentrations in the stack flue gas were 53.2μg/Nm3, and 1.15μg/g in the bottom ash. The mean total-PAH emission rate for this incinerator were 77.3 mg/hr and the total-PAH emission factor were 19.3 mg/kg-ABS.
As to the PAH homologues, two and three-ring PAHs were dominant in stack flue-gas (average 80% ~90%) while the four-, five-, six- and seven-ringed PAHs only accounted for minor fractions the total-PAHs.
中文摘要I
英文摘要III
誌謝V
總目錄VI
表目錄X
圖目錄XIII
第一章 前言1
1-1 研究動機1
1-2 研究目的1
第二章 文獻回顧3
2-1 ABS塑膠性質3
2-2 塑膠燃燒現象5
2-3 燃燒控制7
2-4 蛇紋岩的性質9
2-5 多環芳香烴化合物(PAHs)之性質9
2-6 PAHs之物化特性10
2-7 PAHs之來源及生成機制15
2-7-1 PAHs之生成機制.15
2-7-2 PAHs之來源18
2-8 PAHs之致癌性及致突變性20
2-9 PAHs之排放特徵25
第三章 研究方法與步驟30
3-1 研究設備30
3-2 焚化程序33
3-2-1 燃料油之購買33
3-2-2 ABS石化廢料之取得34
3-2-3 焚化爐試燒34
3-2-4 焚化操作條件34
3-3 煙道採樣設備與方法38
3-3-1 煙道廢氣採樣系統38
3-3-2 採樣之樣品41
3-3-3 採樣方法42
3-3-4 粒狀污染物之採樣原理45
3-3-5 煙道廢氣採樣器抽氣體積計算46
3-4 分析儀器及方法49
3-4-1 分析儀器49
3-4-2 分析方法50
第四章 品質保證與品質控制54
4-1 空白試驗54
4-1-1 溶劑空白試驗54
4-1-2 粒狀物相及氣相PAHs樣本之空白試驗54
4-2 穿透率試驗54
4-3 回收率試驗56
4-4 標準品檢量線之建立56
4-5 再現性試驗59
4-6 PAHs方法偵測極限之測定59
4-7 PAHs於分析儀器之滯留時窗65
第五章 研究結果與討論71
5-1 廢棄物及輔助燃料之成份分析71
5-1-1 元素分析71
5-1-2 廢棄物三成份分析及低位發熱量71
5-1-3 焚化試程之理論空氣量及理論廢氣量72
5-2 焚化試程74
5-2-1 焚化操作條件74
5-2-2 各焚化試程採樣之基本資料74
5-3 焚化結果75
5-4 PAHs之分析結果 81
5-4-1 總PAHs之濃度(g/Nm3)及含量(g/g) 81
5-4-2 二十一種各別PAHs之濃度及含量 88
5-5 煙道排放總PAHs濃度與一氧化碳濃度之關係 93
5-6 焚化實驗之添加物對PAHs毒性之影響 94
5-6-1 總PAHs之毒性探討 94
5-6-1-1 各焚化試程中總BaPeq含量 94
5-6-1-2 各焚化試程中煙道排放之BaPeq含量 95
5-6-1-3 各焚化試程中底灰之BaPeq含量 95
5-6-2 個別PAHs之毒性討 98
5-6-2-1 總BaA含量之探討 98
5-6-2-2 總BbF含量之探討 99
5-6-2-3 總BkF含量之探討 100
5-6-2-4 總IND含量之探討 101
5-6-2-5 總DBA含量之探討 101
5-6-2-6 總BaP含量之探討 102
5-6-2-7六種個別PAHs間關係之探討 103
5-7 空白燃燒實驗 105
5-8 周邊大氣中PAHs之分析 105
5-9 煙道廢氣中各環數PAHs之分析 110
5-10 焚化前後之PAHs質量平衡分析 110
第六章 結論與建議 120
參考文獻 122
附錄 133
自述 140
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