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研究生:陳怡秀
研究生(外文):Yi-Hsiu Chen
論文名稱:生物電阻抗系統中可調變多通道電流產生器之ASIC設計
論文名稱(外文):ASIC design of programmable multi-channel AC current generators for bio-impedance system
指導教授:鄭國順鄭國順引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-Sheng cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:醫學工程研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:英文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:電流產生器
外文關鍵詞:R-2R ladderDACcurrent source
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本研究針對電阻抗影像系統中設計多通道之可調變電流產生器,其中電阻抗影像系統是利用組織的阻抗特性,由外部加入多通道的交流電流,並量測其電壓值,經過影像重建的演算法,即可得到一截面阻抗影像。而電阻抗影像系統中,注入電流的電流產生器扮演非常重要的角色,電流產生器有兩個重要的特性:(1)輸出的電流必須穩定不受負載效應的影響,(2)各通道的電流產生器必須有相同的電特性。在過去的研究,電路是以電子電路的個別元件所組成,體積龐大,且需花費時間做微調,來達到各個通道的電流產生器特性一致之要求。因此,本研究主要以VLSI的技術,實現多通道的電流產生器於單一晶片上,以期特性之一致。就單一電流產生器而言,電路架構包含了兩個部分,分別是電壓控制電流源和數位類比轉換器;其中電壓控制電流源由三個運算放大器構成一負回授穩流電路,使輸出電流不受到負載效應的影響;數位類比轉換器將由數位振盪器所提供的載波,轉換成電壓控制電流源所需要的交流電壓,且透過數位輸入得到不同大小振幅的電壓。多通道之電流源係共用一個數位類比轉換器,因此架構上每組電壓控制電流源使用類比儲能元件和類比乘法器,以達成多通道電流產生器於單一晶片之設計。最後使用Hspice進行電路分析,並依據台積電(TSMC) 0.25μm CMOS 之製程參數來驗證個別電路之可行性。
In this study, the multi-channel current generators are designed and developed for bio-impedance system. According to the characteristics of tissue impedance, through injecting AC currents from periphery, and then measuring voltages, the impedance image of tissue can be obtained using image reconstruction algorithm. There are two major properties of current generator: (1) the amplitude of the current generator must be stable without significant loading effect; (2) the property of each current generator must be as similar as possible. In past study, the current generator is made of discrete components. The disadvantage of the traditional analog device is the imprecision of the values of resistances and capacitors. It needs to be fine-tuned to assure the channels with same specification. It is also big in volume. The purpose of the study is to design a multi-channel programmable current generators in ASIC. For single channel, the system consists of voltage controlled current source (VCCS) and digital to analog converter (DAC). The VCCS with feedback network is used to make current stable. The DAC converts the carrier provided from digital oscillator to AC voltage for VCCS. Its amplitude is set by digital input. For the multi-channel current generators, the DAC must be shared with every channel VCCS. It needs to add an analog storage and analog multiplier. In this study, all of the functional blocks have been verified by using Hspice based on the parameters of TSMC 0.25μm CMOS process.
中文摘要I
AbstractII
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTIV
Table of ContentsV
List of FiguresVII
List of TablesIX
Chapter 1Introduction1
1.1 Background1
1.1.1 Electrical impedance tomography (EIT)1
1.1.2 Current generator for EIT system2
1.2 Literature review3
1.2.1 EIT system in our laboratory3
1.2.2 Digital-to-analog converter4
1.2.3 Analog multiplier6
1.3 Motivation and purposes7
Chapter 2 Materials and methods9
2.1 System overview9
2.1.1 Original structure of single channel current generator9
2.1.2 Multi-channel current generators10
2.2 IC design flow12
2.3 Circuit design14
2.3.1 Voltage controlled current source14
2.3.2 CMOS R-2R ladder digital-to-analog converter16
2.3.3 Analog storage20
2.3.4 Analog multiplier22
Chapter 3 Results28
3.1 Two stage operational amplifier28
3.2 Voltage-controlled current source33
3.3 Digital-to-analog converter34
3.4 Analog storage40
3.5 Analog multiplier42
Chapter 4 Discussion and Conclusion47
4.1 Discussion47
4.2 Conclusion49
4.3 Prospects50
References52
自述56
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