跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.99.209) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/20 05:41
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:江奇峰
研究生(外文):Chi Feng Chiang
論文名稱:具積液式熱交換器之階層式混合冷媒之冷凍系統
論文名稱(外文):Cascade Refrigeration System with Refrigerant Mixtures using a Liquid Over Feeding Accumulator Heat Exchanger
指導教授:盧定昶
指導教授(外文):Ding Chong Lu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:機械工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:積液式熱交換器階層式
外文關鍵詞:LOF-AHXCascade
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:231
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:29
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究目的為設計改良一自動階層式混合冷媒冷凍系統之冷凍能力。
實驗系統採用單壓縮機冷凍系統,工作流體R-32/R-134a的混合冷媒。系統中加入一個相分離器使混合冷媒濃度改變,其中使氣態與液態冷媒自動分離,氣態冷媒流經階層式熱交換器與膨脹後的低溫液態冷媒進行熱交換,然後較高濃度的高沸點冷媒流過蒸發器製冷,最後與較低濃度的低沸點成分冷媒匯流至壓縮機,完成單壓縮機的自動階層(Auto-Cascade)冷凍循環。另外在迴路中設計積液式熱交換器(Liquid Over Feeding Accumulator Heat Exchanger;LOF-AHX),將其加裝在蒸發器出口與冷凝器出口之間的迴路,讓高壓循環的常溫液態冷媒與低壓循環的低溫氣態冷媒進行熱交換,可使進入壓縮機前的冷媒獲得過熱度,以保護壓縮機免於液壓縮;並可使進入膨脹閥前的液態冷媒獲得過冷度,提升冷凍效能增加冷媒質流率,並降低壓縮比與吐出溫度。
由於混合冷媒cascade loop有濃度偏移的效應,配合LOF更可大幅提昇其冷凍能力,故本實驗之最佳化COP達到2.126,最低溫度為-38.35oC,皆出現在混合冷媒搭配積液式熱交換器之cascade loop。

The objective of this research is to design and improve the efficiency of the cascade refrigeration system with zeotropic refrigerant mixtures.
This system utilizes a single compressor with R-32/R-134a refrigerant mixtures. Phase separator is put in this system in order to change the concentration of refrigerant mixtures. The vapor phase flows through a cascade heat exchanger and exchanges latent heat with the low temperature liquid phase after expansion. Then, the higher-boiling-component mixture flows into the evaporator to create the low temperature cooling, and merges with the lower-boiling-component mixture, which leads finally back to the compressor and thus completes a cycle.
Furthermore we design a Liquid Over Feeding Accumulator Heat Exchanger(LOF-AHX)between the outlet of the evaporator and condenser in order to make the high pressure liquid refrigerant exchange heat with the low pressure vapor refrigerant. This design enables the refrigerant: (1) to get super heat before sucking into compressor in order to protect compressor from liquid compression; (2) to get subcooling before entering expansion; (3) to increase the mass flow rate; (4) to raise the cooling capacity; (5) to reduce the pressure ratio and exit temperature.
Due to the concentration shift effect of cascade loop of refrigerant mixtures, using LOF can raise cooling capacity substantially. Therefore, the optimal COP can reach 2.126, as well as the lowest temperature can reach —38.35oC. All of those results occur in cascade loop of refrigerant mixtures with LOF.

目 錄
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 III
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
符號說明 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 文獻回顧 3
1.3.1 積液式熱交換器的文獻回顧 3
1.3.2 非共沸混合冷媒的文獻回顧 5
1.3.3 R-32與R-134a的文獻回顧 7
1.3.4 階層式冷凍系統的文獻回顧 9
第二章 混合冷媒與冷凍系統分析 11
2.1 具LOF-AHX之冷凍系統探討 11
2.2 具LOF-AHX的自動階層式冷凍系統 12
2.3 R-32與R-134a之熱物理性質 14
第三章 實驗設備與方法 16
3.1 實驗目的 16
3.2 實驗設備 17
3.2.1 系統主體 17
3.2.2 二次冷媒與冷卻水系統 20
3.3 量測系統 20
3.4 實驗變因 21
3.5 實驗步驟 22
3.6 重要參數分析 23
第四章 結果與討論 35
4.1 純冷媒R134a之baseline loop分析 35
4.1.1 LOF-AHX與滷水負載對系統的影響 35
4.1.2 Baseline loop之最佳冷媒充填量 37
4.1.3 冷卻水溫度對系統的影響 39
4.1.4 滷水流率對系統的影響 40
4.2 純冷媒R-134之cascade loop分析 41
4.3 混合冷媒R-32/R-134(30/70)之baseline loop分析 41
4.4 混合冷媒R-32/R-134(30/70)之cascade loop分析 42
4.4.1 Cascade loop之最佳冷媒充填量 42
4.4.2 膨脹閥開度對baseline與cascade循環的影響 42
4.4.3 冷卻水溫度對baseline與cascade循環的影響 45
第五章 結果與討論 67
5.1 結論 67
5.2 建議 68
參考文獻 69

[1] Mei, V. C. , Chen, F. C. , and Sullivan, R. A. , 1994, “ Experimental Study of A Liquid Overfeeding Mobile Air-Conditioning System “, ASHRAE Transaction Vol. 100, Pt.2. pp. 653~656.
[2] Mei, V. C. , Chen, F. C. , Chen, D. T., and HuangFu, E. —P., 1995, “ Performance Test of R-22 and R-32/R-125/R-134a Mixture for Baseline Air Conditioning and Liquid Over Feeding Operation “, ASHRAE Transaction:Vol.101,Pt.2.pp.1072~1077.
[3] Mei, V. C. , Chen, F. C. , Chen, t. D. , and Jennings, L.
W. , 1996, “ Experimental Study of a Liquid Overfeeding Window Air Conditioner “, ASHRAE Transaction: Vol. 102, Pt1. Research 3938, pp. 63-67.
[4] Mei, V. C. , Chen, F. C. , and Bolton, C. W. , 1997, “ A Liquid Overfeeding Military Air Conditioner with a Quench Valve “, ASHRAE Transaction:Vol. 103,
Pt. 1. Research, 4020, pp.107-112.
[5] 宋炳彥, “ 積液式熱交換器(LOF-AHX)應用於冷凍系統之研究 “, 國立交通大學機械工程研究所, 碩士論文, 2000.
[6] Kruse, H., Kuever, M., Quast, U., Schroeder, M., Upmeier,
B., ” Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Advantageous Refrigerant Mixture Applications ”, ASHRAE Transactions, Vol.91,Pt.2B, pp.1383-1418, 1985.
[7] Lorenz, A. and Meutzner, K., “ On application of nonazeotropic two component refrigerants in domestic refrigerators and home freezers ”, XIV Int. Congress of Refrigeration, Moscow, IIR, Pairs, paper BZ 43, 1975.
[8] Kruse, H., ” Energy Saving by Using Suitable Refrigerants for Heat Pumps in Europe ”, Presentation at ASHRAE-Semiannual Meeting , Chicago, 1977.
[9] Vakil, H. B., “ Thermodynamics of Heat Exchanger in Refrigeration Cycles with Nonazeotropic Mixtures ”, Proc. of the XiVth Int. Congress of Refrigeration, Tome II, Paris, pp.305-316, 1983.
[10] Stoecker, W. F, “ Internal Performance of a Refrigerant Mixture in a Two-Evaporator Refrigerator ”, ASHRAE Transactions, Vol.91, Pt.1B, pp.241-249 , 1985.
[11] Stoecker, W. and Kornota, E., “ Condensing coefficients when using refrigerant mixtures ”, ASHRAE Transactions, Vol.91, Pt.2B, pp.1351-1367, 1985.
[12] 李崇江, “ 非共沸混合冷媒R-22/R-124在水平圓管內之冷凝熱傳分析 ”, 國立交通大學機械工程研究所, 博士論文, 1994.
[13] Ross, H., Radermacher, V., Marzo, M. and Didion, D., “ Horizontal Flow Boiling of Pure and Mixed Refrigerants ”, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer ”, Vol.30, n5, pp.979-992, 1987.
[14] 邱創標, “ 非共沸混合冷媒R-22/R-124在水平圓管內之蒸發熱傳分析 ”, 國立交通大學機械工程研究所, 博士論文, 1996.
[15] Hwang, Yunho., Judge, John., Radermacher, Reinhard., “ Experience with Refrigerant Mixtures ”, ASHRAE Transactions ,Vol.103, Pt.1, pp.765-776 , 1997.
[16] 楊智翔, “ 非共沸混合冷媒R-32/R-134a在水平圓管內之蒸發熱傳分析 ”, 國立交通大學機械工程研究所, 碩士論文, 1997.
[17] Shao, D. W. and Granryd, E., “ Experimental and theoretical study on flow condensation with non-azeotropic refrigerant mixtures of R32/R134a ” International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol.21, No.3, pp.230-246, 1998.
[18] Jung, Dongsoo., Kim, Hak-Jun., Kim, Ookjoong., “ A study on the performance of multi-stage heat pumps using mixtures ”, International Journal of Refrigeration Vol.22, pp.402-413, 1999.
[19] Giuliani, G., Hewitt, N. J., Donati, F. Marchesi, Polonara, F., “ Composition shift in liquid-recirculation refrigerating systems:an experimental investigation for the pure fluid R134a and the mixture R32/134a ”, International Journal of Refrigeration Vol.22, pp.486-498, 1999.
[20] Missimer, Dale. J., “ Mechanical System can reach -140℃ ”, Research/Development, Vol.23, No.7, pp.40-42, 1972.
[21] Missimer, Dale. J., “ Ultra low Temperature — Let’s be practical ”, RSC Magazine, Vol., No.7, pp.18-26, 1973.
[22] White, W. B. and Wharton, K. L., “ Development of a mechanically refrigerated cryogenic preservation system using a mixed refrigerant technique to maintain specimen temperatures of -135℃ ”, American Laboratory. In Press., pp.1-7, 1984.
[23] ASHRAE HANDBOOK Refrigeration System and
Applications, pp.1.3, 1990.
[24] Missimer, Dale. J., “ Refrigerant conversion of Auto-Refrigerating Cascade(ARC)systems ”, International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol.20, No.3, pp.201-207, 1997.
[25] 邱祈翰, “ 混合冷媒在自動階層式冷凍系統之研究 “, 國立交通大學機械工程研究所, 碩士論文, 2001.
[26] Radermacher, R., “ Advanced versions of heat pumps with
zeotropic refrigerant mixtures ”, ASHRAE Transactions,
Vol.92, Pt.2, pp.52-59, 1986.
[27] NIST. REFPROP, Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1994.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top