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研究生:李育嘉
研究生(外文):Yu-Chia Lee
論文名稱:國小自然科師生互動行為與學童科學知識、創造力、問題解決能力之關係
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship Between Teacher-Pupil Interactive Behavior with Elementary School Students’ Science Knowledge, Creativity and Problem Solving in Science Subject
指導教授:鄭英耀鄭英耀引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ying- Yao Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:135
中文關鍵詞:師生互動問題解決創造力
外文關鍵詞:pupil-teacher interactionscreativityproblem solving
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本研究旨在依據N. A. Flanders之師生互動分析系統(Flanders Interaction Analysis Categories System,FIAC),探討科展績優教師與一般教師師生互動行為(pupil-teacher interaction behavior)的差異,及其教學行為對學生科學知識、創造力與問題解決能力的影響。本研究主要目的為:(1)比較不同科展競賽經驗之教師在自然科教學時,師生互動行為的差異情形。(2)比較學生對不同科展競賽經驗教師教師行為的知覺差異情形。(3)比較不同科展競賽經驗教師之學生在科學知識表現的差異情形。(4)比較不同科展競賽經驗教師之學生在創造力的差異情形。(5)比較不同科展競賽經驗教師之學生在問題解決能力的差異情形。
本研究之樣本,教師部分,遴選六位高雄市市區、郊區國小五年級自然科專任教師,其中三位教師曾於1996 ~ 2001年間(即36 ~ 41屆)參加全國中小科學展覽競賽,獲獎三次以上,為績優教師組;另三位未曾參加科展競賽之教師,為一般教師組。學生部份,則為參與本研究教師之教學班級的學生,各一班,共205人。研究工具,教師部分,以Flanders之師生互動分析系統進行教室觀察、晤談,另藉著學生知覺教師行為量表,進行三角驗證;學生部份則施以、「創造力測驗」、「問解決測驗」,並蒐集學生之自然科學期成績。資料之分析採用,t考驗、單因子變異數分析、單因子多變量分析等統計方法。研究結果如下:
一、科展績優教師之師生互動品質顯著優於一般教師。科展績優教師在鼓勵、問問題、學生主動反應、間接影響行為方面顯著優於一般教師。
二、科展績優教師之教學風格優於一般教師。科展績優教師在發問策略、班級經營、合作學習、多元化刺激、開放經驗、接受挑戰、科學驗證精神等教學行為品質優於一般教師。
三、科展績優教師之學生普遍覺得績優教師表現較良好的教學行為。科展績優教師之學生在獨立學習、合作學習、基本知能、延後判斷、彈性思考、學生自評、學生問題、學習機會、經歷挫折等方面顯著優於一般教師之學生。
四、科展績優教師之學生的創造力表現優於一般教師之學生。科展績優教師組學生語文創造力之流暢力、變通力、獨創力與圖形創造力之流暢力、獨創力等表現皆優於一般教師組學生。
五、科展績優教師組學生之觀察問題、界定問題、分析問題、解決問題的能力皆顯著優於一般教師組學生。
The purpose of this research is to probe into the differences of pupil-teacher interaction behaviors between award teachers and general teachers, and to examine the effect of the teaching behavior towards the student’s science knowledge, creativity and problem solving abilities. The objectives of this research are 1) To compare the differences between pupil-teacher interactions in teachers with experiences in different science exhibition competitions, 2) To compare students with various levels of awareness towards the behavior of teachers who have experiences in different science exhibition competitions, 3) To compare the levels of science knowledge in students taught by teachers who have experiences in different science exhibition competitions, 4) To compare the differences of students’ creativity taught by teachers who have experiences in different science exhibition competitions, and 5) To compare the difference in students’ problem solving.
The samples selected in this research included 6 teachers chosen from Grade 5 Level in schools in the suburbs of Kaohsiung City. Three of these teachers, referred to as Award teachers, had participated in the National Science Competition in Taiwan on multiple occasions and won at least 3 times each. The remaining 3 teachers, referred to as General teachers, had never participated in this competition. Subjects in this research were a total of 205 students of the selected teachers. The tools used in this research, with regard to the teachers, were the processes of class observation and interview using the Flanders pupil-teacher interaction analysis system and process triangulation using the Student Inspection Creativity Fostering Teacher Index. For analysis of the students, we collected the students’ results and tested them using a Creativity Thinking Test and Creative Problem Solving-Form B, and analyzed the data by using a t-test, a one-way ANOVA and a one-way MANOVA.

The results indicated that:
1.The award teachers are better than the general teachers in regard to the quality of pupil-teacher interactions. The award teachers encouraged the asking of questions and students’ active participation more than general teachers did.
2.The teaching style of the award teachers is generally better than that of the general teacher. Award teachers tend to excel in their question strategy, class management and cooperative learning skills. They challenge their students and offer diverse stimulation, while harnessing the students’ spirit towards science.
3.The students from the award teachers’ class generally agree that the award teachers’ performance is better than that of the general teachers. The students in the award teachers’ class tend to achieve more than those under general teachers in independent learning, cooperative learning, basic knowledge, delay judgment, flexible thinking, students’ self evaluation, students’ questions, learning opportunity and setback experience.
4.The level of creativity of students in the award teachers’ class is generally higher than that of the students in general teachers’ class. The students in the award teachers’ class generally have higher levels of fluency, flexibility and originality of verbal and figurative creativity than those in general teachers’ class.
5.The students in the award teacher’s class are better than those in the general teachers’ class in the abilities of problem observation, problem analysis and problem solving.
目次
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機………………………………………..…………….1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………..…………...5
第三節 名詞解釋……………………………………………..……….6
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 創造力相關理論基礎…………………………………...…..9
第二節 問題解決相關理論基礎…………………………………....15
第三節 創造力、問題解決能力與科學知識間的關係…..……...….19
第四節 教師教學行為…………………………………………….….21
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構………………………………………………….….27
第二節 研究假設………………………………………….……….…29
第三節 研究樣本………………………………………………….….31
第四節 研究設計………………………………………………….….33
第五節 研究工具………………………………………………….….35
第六節 研究步驟………………………………………………….….40
第七節 資料分析………………………………………………….….42

第四章 研究結果(一)
第一節 績優組與一般組師生互動行為差異分析……………...….44
第二節 績優組與一般組學生教師行為知覺之差異比較…………..53
第三節 績優組與一般組教師師生互動風格之比較、詮釋…….….56
第四節 績優組與一般組教師之訪談檔案分析比較…………….….74
第四章 研究結果(二)
第一節 績優組與一般組學生科學知識之差異比較…………….….79
第二節 績優組與一般組學生創造力之差異比較……………….….80
第三節 績優組與一般組學生問題解決能力之差異比較……….….86
第五章 研究結果之討論
第一節 教師行為……………………………………………………..89
第二節 學生表現………………………………………………….….99
第六章 結論與建議
第一節 主要發現…………………………………………………....102
第二節 結論………………………………………………………....104
第三節 建議………………………………………………………....105
參考書目………………………………………………………………….…..107
附錄
附錄一 學生知覺教師行為量表之修訂………………………………..….118
附錄二 問題解決測驗乙式………………………………………………….121
附錄三 學生知覺教師行為量表…………………..………………..…….133
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