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研究生:蕭俊杰
研究生(外文):Chun-Chieh Hsiao
論文名稱:觀察的和知覺的教練回饋行為與少年運動員的動機和自覺能力
論文名稱(外文):Observed and perceived coaching feedback and young athletes’ motivation and perceived ability
指導教授:廖主民廖主民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu-Min Liao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育學院
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:自覺能力回饋行為動機
外文關鍵詞:perceived competencemotivationfeedback
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中文摘要
  教練的行為對於運動參與者的心理組成的影響一直是運動心理學領域的主要研究議題之一。過去的研究發現教練的行為,尤其是回饋行為,與兒童及青少年運動員的自尊、自覺能力及動機可能有顯著的相關。本研究主要的目的在探討教練回饋行為與少年運動員的動機和自覺能力的關係,同時使用觀察系統及紙筆量表,分別測量觀察的及運動員知覺的教練回饋行為,探討這兩種測量值的差異,及其各自對不同性別的少年運動選手的參與動機及自覺能力的影響。研究結果發現: (一) 觀察工具和選手知覺的問卷測量到的教練行為並不一致。(二)觀察的教練回饋行為不會因選手的性別而有差異。(三)觀察到教練在運動員有好的表現時,有越多的讚美或提供訊息的行為,運動員的動機越低。(四)知覺的教練回饋行為不會因選手的性別而有差異。(五)運動員知覺教練在有好的表現時,有越多的讚美或提供訊息的行為,運動員的動機越高。(六)觀察的和知覺的教練的回饋行為對於運動員的自覺能力都沒有顯著的預測力。
Abstract
 The influence of coaches’ behaviors on sport participants’ psychological responses has been one of the major issues in sport psychology. Literature has indicated that coaches’ behaviors, especially feedbacks, are related to young athlete’s self-esteem, perceived competence, and motivation. This study utilized both an observation system and a self-reported scale to measure coaches’ feedback. The congruency of observed and athletes’ perceived coaching feedback, and their effects on young athletes’ perceived competence and motivation of different genders were examined. Results showed that observed coaching feedbacks did not agree with that of athletes’ perception and no gender effects were found in both measurements. It was found that the more observed praises and instructions from coaches while the athletes performed well, the lower the athletes’ motivation. However, the more praises and instructions from coaches perceived by the athletes while performed well, the higher the athletes’ motivation. Finally, both observed and perceived coaching feedbacks were not significant predictors of athletes’ perceived competence.
目 次
中文摘要………………………………………………………Ⅰ
英文摘要………………………………………………………Ⅱ
謝誌……………………………………………………………Ⅲ
目錄……………………………………………………………Ⅳ

第壹章 緒論
  第一節 問題背景………………………………………1
  第二節 教練回饋行為的相關研究……………………3
   一、描述教練回饋行為的研究………………………4
   二、探討影響教練回饋行為的因素之研究…………5
   三、探討教練回饋行為效果之研究…………………9
  第三節 研究教練回饋行為的工具……………………12
  第四節 研究目的………………………………………15
  第五節 研究問題與假設………………………………15
  第六節 名詞解釋………………………………………17

第貳章 研究方法
  第一節 研究架構………………………………………18
  第二節 研究參加者……………………………………18
  第三節 測量工具………………………………………19
   一、觀察的教練回饋行為……………………………19
   二、知覺的教練回饋行為……………………………20
   三、動機………………………………………………21
   四、自覺能力…………………………………………21
  第四節 研究程序………………………………………22
  第五節 資料分析………………………………………24

第參章 結果
  第一節 觀察者間的一致性……………………………26
  第二節 觀察的教練回饋行為次數的轉換過程………26
  第三節 觀察的和選手知覺的教練回饋行為的差異…28
  第四節 觀察的教練回饋行為與選手動機和自覺能
      力的關係………………………………………29
  第五節 知覺的教練回饋行為與選手動機和自覺能
      力的關係………………………………………31

第肆章 討論
  第一節 觀察的與知覺的教練行為……………………32
  第二節 性別差異………………………………………33
  第三節 動機……………………………………………33
  第四節 自覺能力………………………………………35
  第五節 學理及應用上的意義…………………………36
  第六節 未來的研究方向………………………………37
  第七節 結論……………………………………………39

參考文獻
  中文部分…………………………………………………41
  外文部分…………………………………………………42
參考文獻
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鐘敏華(民86)教師對不同運動技能成就學生之回饋內容分析。花蓮學報,第七期,23-44頁。

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