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研究生:楊雄寶
研究生(外文):Shoun-Pow Yang
論文名稱:運動行為影響因素之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):The Comparative Research of The Influential Determinants of Exercise Behavior
指導教授:杜登明杜登明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Deng-Ming Do
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育學院
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:運動自我效能運動結果期待運動行為
外文關鍵詞:Exercise Self-EfficacyExercise Outcoming ExpectationExercise BehaviorExercise Social-Support.
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中文摘要
  本研究旨在探討影響運動行為因素的差異。本研究採用問卷調查法,研究對象為高雄縣岡山地區十所國民中學之學生,研究工具為「運動行為影響因素之比較研究問卷」,內容包含:基本資料、運動行為量表、運動結果期待量表、運動自我效能量表、運動社會支持量表。調查期間計共發放問卷1200份,回收1035份,其中有效問卷921份,有效問卷回收率為89.0%。回收之有效樣本,根據研究目的與驗證假設的需要,分別採用描述統計、項目分析、探索性因素分析、獨立樣本t考驗、獨立樣本單因子變異數分析、雪費事後比較及逐步多元迴歸分析等統計方法,進行資料處理,結果發現:
一、不同背景變項的學生在運動行為有顯著差異。
二、不同背景變項的學生在運動結果期待有顯著差異。
三、不同背景變項的學生在運動自我效能有顯著差異。
四、不同背景變項的學生在運動社會支持有顯著差異。
五、動結果期待、運動自我效能、運動社會支持對運動行為有顯著預測作用。
六、運動行為=.297×增強心理健康-.292身體天氣時間+.139×同儕支持-.138×心理情緒+.103×家庭支持。
ABSTRACT
  This research was to find out the influential determinants of the exercise behavior of junior high school students in Gan Sun Area in Kaohsiung county. A questionnaire method, named the questionnaire of the comparative research of the influential determinants of exercise behavior, was used in this research. It contains personal information, exercise behavior scale, exercise out coming expectations scale, exercise self-efficacy scale, exercise social-support scale. The samples were gathered from students of 10 junior high schools out of 15 in Gan Sun area. 1200 questionnaires were passed out, 1035 ones retrieved to be used, and 921 ones were effective causing efficient questionnaire ratio to 89.0%. These retrieved efficient samples were processed by using descriptive statistics, item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe’s test comparison afterwards, stepwise correlation according to the research purpose and the needs of examining the assumption. After the above statistics analysis, the results found are as follows.

I. There are significant difference discrepancies between students with different background and their exercise behavior.

II. There are significant difference discrepancies between students with different background and their exercise out coming expectation.

III. There are significant difference discrepancies between students with different background and their exercise self-efficacy.

IV. There are significant difference discrepancies between students with different background and their exercise social-support.

V. Exercise out coming expectation and exercise self-efficacy, exercise social support, can efficiently predict exercise behavior.

VI. Exercise behavior = .297× mental health enhancement - .292× factors of body status, weather, time +.139× peer group support -.138× mental and emotional factors + .103× family support
目  錄
第一章 緒論
 第一節 研究背景…………………………………1
 第二節 研究目的…………………………………5
 第三節 研究問題…………………………………5
 第四節 研究假設…………………………………6
 第五節 研究範圍與限制…………………………7
 第六節 名詞操作性定義…………………………8
第二章 文獻探討
 第一節 運動行為的相關文獻……………………10
 第二節 運動自我效能、運動結果期待、
     運動社會支持與運動行為………………14
 第三節 背景因素與運動行為……………………20
第三章 研究方法
 第一節 研究架構…………………………………23
 第二節 研究流程…………………………………24
 第三節 研究對象…………………………………25
 第四節 研究工具…………………………………26
 第五節 資料分析方法……………………………42
第四章 結果與討論
 第一節 不同背景變項的學生統計特性…………45
 第二節 運動行為調查結果與討論………………47
 第三節 運動結果期待調查結果與討論…………54
 第四節 運動自我效能調查結果與討論…………60
 第五節 運動社會支持調查結果與討論…………67
 第六節 運動結果期待、運動自我效能、
     運動社會支持對運動行為之預測
     的結果與討論……………………………74
第五章 結論與建議
 第一節 結論………………………………………78
 第二節 建議………………………………………82
參考文獻
 一、中文部份………………………………………85
 二、英文部分………………………………………87

附錄A 運動行為影響因素之比較研究預試問卷…96
附錄B 運動行為影響因素之比較研究問卷………101
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李蘭、季瑋珠、江永盛、楊志良、呂槃(民78)。家庭結構、年齡和性別影響成人健康行為之探討。中華民國公共衛生會誌,9(1),1-3。
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吳宏蘭(民82)。某教學醫院參加健康檢查者之運動及攝鈉行為探討。未出版之國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,臺北。
姜逸群、呂槃、江永盛、黃雅文(民77)。民眾的健康意識及中老年病之預防健康行為調查。衛生教育雜誌,9,67-81。
馬力生、孔蘭憲(民75)。臺北市市民行為危險因子盛行率調查。衛生月刊,1(7),56-59。
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郭青萍(民81)。影響鄉村婦女預防性健康行為相關因素之調查研究-以彰化縣線西鄉為例。未出版之國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,臺北。
陳俊豪(民83)。運動行為的建立與維持的策略探討。中華體育,4(7),141-147。
陳芮淇(民90)。新竹市某高職學生運動行為及其影響因素之研究。未出版之國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文,臺北。
童淑琴(民82)。工作場所健康促進計畫之實驗研究-以臺電總公司體適能計劃為例。未出版之國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,臺北。
張彩秀(民81)。中老年人運動形態、體適能及健康狀況之研究。未出版之國立陽明醫學院碩士論文,臺北。
張彩秀(民84)。國民運動行為、體適能及主觀健康狀況之研究。學校衛生,26,2-23。
劉翠薇(民84)。北縣某商專學生運動行為及其影響因素之研究。未出版之國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,臺北。
蔡美月(民85)。北市某活動中心六十歲以上老人運動行為及其影響因素之研究。未出版之國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,臺北臺北。
潘美玉(民84)。某公司中年白領階級男性規律運動習慣及其相關因素研究。未出版之國立臺灣大學護理研究所碩士論文,臺北。
鍾東蓉(民89)。臺北市立高中導師運動行為及其影響因素調查研究。未出版之國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,臺北。

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