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研究生:陳淑蓉
研究生(外文):chen shu jung
論文名稱:幽默感對可能壓力事件及負向生活事件的認知評估、情緒反應之影響
論文名稱(外文):The effect of sense of humor on cognitive appraisals ,affection of the potential stressful events and the negative life events
指導教授:陳學志陳學志引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:155
中文關鍵詞:幽默感認知評估
外文關鍵詞:the effects of sense of humoraffection of the potential stressful evventsthe negative life events
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:120
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中文摘要
本研究主要目的在編製一多成份幽默感量表並探討個體面臨可能壓力事件及負面生活事件時,其幽默感對認知評估、情緒反應及努力程度之影響。
研究以台北縣市333位二年級的國中生為研究對象進行以下三個研究:研究一:編製一「多成份幽默感量表」,此量表包含「幽默理解能力」、「幽默創造能力」、「幽默因應能力」、「社交情境中的幽默能力」、「對幽默的態度」及「笑的傾向」六個分量表,共有57題,以likert五點量尺作答。此量表具有良好信度及效度。研究二:探討幽默感對可能壓力事件之認知評估、情緒反應之影響,結果發現不同幽默感之受試者在挑戰評估及情緒反應的結果有顯著的差異,高幽默感者對於可能壓力事件的挑戰評估顯著多於低幽默感者,而在威脅評估上,兩組受試則沒有差異;在情緒反應上,高幽默感者之正向情緒顯著多於低幽默感者。研究三:以2(高/低幽默感)*3(正/中/負向回饋)之二因子實驗設計,探討個體面臨正/中/負向生活事件時,幽默感對認知評估、情緒反應及努力程度之影響。結果發現在情緒反應、威脅評估及努力程度上,幽默感與回饋間並交互作用不顯著。在挑戰評估方面,幽默感默感與回饋方式有交互作用存在,在正向事件及負向事件上,高幽默感者在挑戰評估上的得分皆顯著高於低幽默感者。
本研究提供實驗上的證據,從幽默感對認知評估、情緒反應及努力程度的影響驗證了幽默感之壓力調節作用及正向提昇作用。
關鍵詞:幽默感、認知評估、情緒反應、壓力調節作用、正向提昇作用
ABSTRACT
The purposes of this study were to set up a multidimensional sense of humor scale, and to explore how sense of humor affected cognitive appraisals, affection and efforts that individuals made for potential stressful events and the negative life events they encountered.
333 junior high school students participated in the three study. In Study 1: A multidimensional sense of humor scale with satisfying reliability and validity was set up. This scale consisted of six subscales: “humor comprehension”, “humor creation”, ”using humor in social context”, ”humor coping”, “the attitude toward humor”, and “the tendency of laugh”. The scale consisted 57 items; each item was accompanied by likert 5-point responses. In study 2: When encountering potential stressful events, there was significant difference on challenge appraisal and affection between higher level humor subjects and lower level humor ones. Higher level humor subjects made challenge appraisal and got more positive affection. However there was no significant difference on threat challenge appraisal. In study 3: A 2(high/low huomr)* 3(positive/neutral/negative feedback) design was employed. There were no interaction between humor and feedback. But the interaction of humor* feedback on the challenge appraisal was significant.
When encountering positive and negative life events, higher level humor subjects made more challenge appraisals than lower level humor ones.
The finding of these study provided empirical support for the stress-buffering (mediating) effects and the positive enhancement effects of sense of humor.
目  錄
中文摘要
英文摘要
第一章 緒論 1
 第一節 研究動機與目的 1
 第二節 研究問題與研究架構 7
 第三節 名詞釋義 9
第二章 文獻探討 11
 第一節 幽默感的定義、理論基礎與測量 11
 第二節 壓力、認知評估、與情緒反應 29
 第三節 幽默感、壓力及生活適應 40
第三章 方法、結果與討論 49
第一節 研究一:幽默感量表之編制 49
 第二節 研究二:幽默感對可能壓力事件之認知評估及情緒反應之影響 76
 第三節 研究三:幽默感對正/中/負向生活事件之認知評估及情緒反應之影響 94
第四章 綜合討論與建議 118
 第一節 討論 118
 第二節 建議 121
參考文獻 125
一、 中文部份
二、 英文部份
附錄一 中國幽默故事中幽默的成分 130
附錄二 幽默感定義之開放式問卷 133
附錄三 多向度幽默感量表預試題目 134
附錄四 多向度幽默感量表正式量表 140
附錄五 幽默感同儕互評評分表 145
附錄六 幽默感教師評分表 147
附錄七 研究二認知評估量表與情緒檢核量表 149
附錄八 中文遠距聯想量表甲式 151
附錄九 研究三正/中/負回饋單 153
附錄十 研究三認知評估、情緒檢核與努力程度量表 154
附件 137附 表 目 錄
表2-1-1  專家學者之幽默感定義整理 14
表3-1-1  幽默感預試量表──各分量表題目數 52
表3-1-2  預試樣本人數 53
表3-1-3  幽默感預試量表──各分量表題目數 54
表3-1-4  正式施測有效樣本人數 55
表3-1-5  「幽默感量表」之內部一致性係數摘要表N=333人 56
表3-1-6  「多向度幽默感量表」驗證性因素分析結果(N=333人) 58~59
表3-1-7  不同幽默影片喜好程度受試在多向度幽默感量表之分量表得分之平均數、標準差及變異數分析摘要表 61
表3-1-8  不同性別受試在多向度幽默感量表之分量表得分之平均數、標準差摘要表 62
表3-1-9  不同幽默影片欣賞頻率受試在多向度幽默感量表之分量表得分之平均數、標準差及變異數分析摘要表 64
表3-1-10  幽默感量表分量與總量表間的相關摘要表 66
表3-2-1  「認知評估量表」預試之項目分析結果N=129 75
表3-2-2  「認知評估量表」驗證性因素分析結果(N=333人) 76
表3-2-3  受試者人數分配表 77
表3-2-4  兩組受試者在「威脅評估分量表」得分的平均數與標準差 82
表3-2-5  兩組受試者在「挑戰評估分量表」得分的平均數與標準差 83
表3-2-6  兩組受試者在「情緒檢核量表」得分的平均數與標準差 84
表3-3-3  研究受試者人數分配表 93
表3-3-4  各組在「情緒檢核量表」得分之平均數及標準差 97
表3-3-5  「情緒檢核量表」得分之二因子變異數分析摘要表 98
表3-3-6  各組在「威脅評估分量表」得分之平均數及標準差 100
表3-3-7  「威脅評估分量表」得分之二因子變異數分析摘要表 100
表3-3-8  各組在「挑戰評估分量表」得分之平均數及標準差 103
表3-3-9  「挑戰評估分量表」得分之二因子變異數分析摘要表 103
表3-3-10  幽默感*回饋方式在挑戰評估之單純主要效果變異數分析摘要表 104
表3-3-11  各組在努力程度之平均數及標準差 105
表3-3-12  努力程度之二因子變異數分析摘要表
附 圖 目 錄
圖3-2-1  研究二研究架構 71
圖3-2-2  威脅評估、挑戰評估之平均數比較圖 81
圖3-2-3  情緒反應平均數比較圖 ○
圖3-3-1  研究三研究架構 ○
圖3-3-2  研究三實驗流程圖 94
圖3-3-3  情緒反應之平均數比較圖 97
圖3-3-4  威脅評估平均數比較圖 100
圖3-3-5  挑戰評估平均數比較圖 102
圖3-3-6  努力程度之平均數比較圖 10
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