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研究生:許儀貞
研究生(外文):Hsu Yi Jen
論文名稱:台灣成年女性性別角色特質、共依附和自尊之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Relationships among Sex-role Orientation, Codependency and Self-esteem of Female Adults in Taiwan
指導教授:吳麗娟吳麗娟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu Li
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:性別角色特質共依附自尊
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本研究欲探討台灣成年女性性別角色特質、共依附與自尊的關係。在台灣的中國傳統文化脈絡下的溫柔順從的女性特質似乎與「共依附」有其相通之處,研究者企圖透過此研究了解在台灣女性受試者中共依附和性別角色特質間的關係及其和自尊的關係。
本研究採用問卷調查法,以「Spann-Fischer共依附量表」、「個人特質量表」、「Rosenberg自尊量表」蒐集台灣320位十八歲以上女性的資料,將所得的資料以皮爾遜積差相關、典型相關分析和變異數分析進行處理。本研究主要發現如下:
一、台灣女性的性別角色特質和共依附的關係
1. 台灣女性的性別角色特質和共依附的積差相關
表達性特質和共依附中的「以他人為焦點」、「無法表達情感」為負相關;表達性特質與共依附中「認同照顧者角色」為正相關,皆達.05的顯著水準。工具性特質和共依附總分、共依附中「以他人為焦點」、「透過關係獲得意義感」和「無法表達情感」為負向相關,且達.05的顯著水準。
2. 台灣女性的性別角色特質和共依附有兩組顯著之典型相關存在
(1) 第一組典型相關為:台灣女性的工具性特質愈高且表達性特質愈高時,則其以他人為焦點、因低自尊而企圖透過關係獲得意義感和無法表達情感的傾向會愈低,即台灣女性愈為兩性化時,則其「近似共依附特質」的傾向會愈低;若非兩性化時,則其「近似共依附特質」的傾向會愈高。
(2) 第二組典型相關為:台灣女性的工具性特質愈低而表達性特質愈高時,則其認同照顧者角色和因低自尊而企圖透過關係獲得意義感的傾向會愈高;即台灣女性愈為女性化時,則其認同照顧者角色和透過關係獲得意義感的傾向會愈高。
二、不同性別角色取向和高低不同共依附對台灣女性自尊的關係沒有交互作用存在;經Bonferroni事後比較得知,不同性別角色取向對台灣女性自尊的解釋力高於高低不同共依附的解釋力。
本研究結果似乎顯示,一般國內外文獻所指的病態共依附和本研究中所呈現的「近似共依附特質」有內涵上的差異。我們倘若使用共依附概念來解釋近似共依附特質將有可能過度病態化「近似共依附特質」或女性特質;而若以「近似共依附特質」的概念來了解共依附,則可能也冒了輕忽共依附現象的危險,這點值得後續研究謹慎小心,並進一步探討分析之。
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship among sex-role orientation, codependency and self-esteem of female adults in Taiwan. The sample consisted of 320 female adults in Taiwan. Instruments used in this study included Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale, Personal Attribution Questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Data obtained in this study were analyzed by Canonical correlation analysis and ANOVA. The primary findings were :
1. The relationship between sex-role orientation and codependency dimensions (“Put the focus outside of self”, “lack of open expression of feeling” )in codependency had significant negative correlation with expressiveness (p < .05), and “identified caretaking activities” in codependency had significant positive correlation with expressiveness (p < .05).“Put the focus outside of self”, “captured a sense of purpose through relationship with others” and “lack of open expression of feeling” in codependency had significant negative correlation with instrumentalness (p < .05).
2. The canonical correlation between sex-role orientation and codependency
I. The first canonical correlation between sex-role orientation and codependency showed that the more the female had expressiveness and instrumentalness, the less she had “put the focus outside of self”, “captured a sense of purpose through relationship with others” and “lack of open expression of feeling”. This result suggest that androgyous female had less “similarity to codependency”.
II. The second canonical correlation between sex-role orientation and codependency showed that when a female had more expressiveness and less instrumentalness, she had more “identified caretaking activities” and “captured a sense of purpose through relationship with others”, indicating that “feminine” females had more“identified caretaking activities” and “captured a sense of purpose through relationship with others”.
3. There were no interactions between different sex-role orientation and codependency scores for self-esteem.
Based on these findings, “codependency” may be different from “similarity to codependency” or “expressiveness” (feminine orientation). For the future research, exploration of the definition of codependency and clarification of the idea of codependency are suggested.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的……………….…………………….1
第二節 研究問題與假設……………….…………………….4
第三節 名詞解釋……………………….…………………….5
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 共依附…………………………..……….…………...8
第二節 女性的性別角色特質……… ….….…….………….19
第三節 女性的性別角色特質與共依附….………………….27
第四節 女性的性別角色特質、共依附與自尊……………..29
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構……………………………….…..……….32
第二節 研究對象……………………………….…………...34
第三節 研究工具……………………………….…………...35
第四節 研究程序……………………………….………...…51
第五節 資料處理…………………………..…….………….51
第四章 研究結果與討論
第一節 性別角色特質與共依附之積差相關之結果分析….52
第二節 性別角色特質與共依附之積差相關之討論….……53
第三節 性別角色特質與共依附之典型相關之結果分析….54
第四節 性別角色特質與共依附之典型相關之討論……….58
第五節 不同性別角色取向與高低不同共依附對自尊之二因子變異數分析之結果析...………………………….70
第六節 不同性別角色取向與高低不同共依附的自尊之二因子
變異數分析之討論……………………………..….72
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論…………………………………………………..77
第二節 建議…………………………………………..………78
參考文獻
一、中文部分…………………………………………………..81
二、英文部分……………………………………….…………..85
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