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研究生:康琇喬
研究生(外文):Shiu-Chiao Kang
論文名稱:早年家庭暴力經驗、孝道與心理健康相關研究
論文名稱(外文):The Relationships among Early Domestic Violence Experience, Filial Piety and Psychological Health on Taiwanese College Students
指導教授:王麗斐王麗斐引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Fei Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:家庭暴力孝道早年家庭暴力經驗
外文關鍵詞:domestic violencefilial pietyearly domestic violence experience
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本研究旨在探討大學生知覺的早年家庭暴力經驗、孝道因素與心理健康的關係。以就讀大台北地區、台中地區公私立大學的673位大學生為研究參與者,採用問卷調查法進行資料收集。研究工具包含基本資料,可評量早年家庭暴力經驗的知覺父母婚姻暴力經驗量表(自編)與早年兒童虐待量表(吳秋月,民88),可評量孝道因素之孝道量表(Yeh & Bedford, in press)與父母期望量表(Wang & Heppner, 2002),以及評量心理健康的自尊量表(Rosenberg, 1965)與孤寂感量表(Russell, Peplau, & Cutrona, 1980)。
研究結果顯示大學生所知覺的早年家庭暴力經驗程度不同時,反映在孝道因素與心理健康方面都會有差異,當個人所知覺的早年父母婚姻暴力或童年受虐程度較高時,較不認為應該在互惠性、權威性方面孝順父親,在人品與學業方面也較難符合父母的期待,且呈現出較低的自尊與較高的孤寂感。不過,大學生所知覺的早年父母婚姻暴力或童年受虐的高低程度,對其面對母親的互惠性或權威性孝道概念程度並無差異。
另外,本研究的主要發現顯示早年家庭暴力經驗、孝道與心理健康三組變項中,任兩組變項都具有典型相關存在,也就是說早年家庭暴力經驗、孝道因素與心理健康三者彼此有關係存在;早年家庭暴力經驗、孝道因素共同與心理健康產生關聯,其對心理健康之解釋量主要由互惠性孝道概念、早年父親施予的兒童虐待經驗與在學業成就上符合父母期望的程度所組成。
最後,研究者依據本研究結果加以討論,並提出具體建議以供未來研究及諮商實務應用的參考。
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among early domestic violence experience, filial piety and psychological health. Six hundred and seventy three undergraduate university students in Taipei and Taichung participated in this study. Participants completed the Perceived Childhood Abuse Scale, Perceptive Experience of Parental Marital Violence Scale (Wu, 1999), Filial Piety Scale (Yeh & Bedford, in press), Living Up to Parental Expectation Scale (Wang & Heppner, 2002), Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau, Cutrona, 1980).
In comparison of two groups with different degree of early domestic violence experiences, people who perceived higher degree of early domestic violence considered filial piety toward father as less important, and found more difficult to live up to parents’ expectation. Also they had lower self-esteem and felt lonelier in comparing with people who perceived lower degree of early domestic violence. However, there was no significant difference in the filial piety toward mother between these two groups.
The results of canonical correlation analysis indicated that relations among early domestic violence experience, filial piety and psychological health existed. Especially, the reciprocal filial piety, childhood abuse by father, and living up to parental expectation in academic achievement predominated the explanation of variance in psychological health. In addition, the population of variance in psychological health explained by filial piety was higher than that by early domestic violence experience.
Implications for counseling and further research are discussed.
中文摘要
英文摘要
第一章 緒論-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
第一節 研究動機與目的………………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究問題………………………………………………………………… 5
第三節 名詞釋義………………………………………………………………… 6
第二章 文獻探討-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
第一節 家庭暴力對經歷其中子女的影響……………………………………… 9
第二節 文化中孝道因素與心理健康…………………………………………… 20
第三節 孝道因素對經歷家庭暴力子女的影響………………………………… 27
第三章 研究方法-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31
第一節 研究參與者……………………………………………………………… 31
第二節 研究工具………………………………………………………………… 34
第三節 實施程序………………………………………………………………… 42
第四章 研究結果-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 43
第一節 基礎分析………………………………………………………………… 43
第二節 不同早年家庭暴力經驗程度在心理健康與孝道因素上差異分析…… 50
第三節 早年家庭暴力經驗與心理健康之相關………………………………… 55
第四節 孝道因素與心理健康之相關…………………………………………… 56
第五節 早年家庭暴力經驗與孝道因素之相關………………………………… 57
第六節 早年家庭暴力經驗、孝道因素與心理健康之相關……………………… 60
第五章 結論與建議----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 63
第一節 結論……………………………………………………………………… 63
第二節 建議……………………………………………………………………… 70
參考文獻------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 73
一、中文部分……………………………………………….…………………….. 73
二、英文部分……………………………………………………………………….. 78
附錄------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 88
附錄一. 孝道量表使用同意書.…..………………..……………………………... 88
附錄二. 父母期望量表使用同意書………………………………………………. 89
附錄三. 知覺父母婚姻暴力經驗量表使用同意書………………………………. 90
附錄四. 完整積差相關矩陣……………………………………………………….. 91
附錄五. 不同家庭暴力型態次數分配圖………………………………………….. 93
附錄六. 正式量表A版...…………………………………………………………. 94
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1. 張兆球、郭黎玉晶(民87):香港兒童對父母管教訊息的情緒反應和行為傾向。本土心理學研究,9,281-305。
2. 黃富源、黃翠紋(民89):婚姻暴力對於兒童、青少年行為影響及其防處策略之探討。警學叢刊,30卷4期,239-261。
3. 陳秉華(民84):諮商中大學生的心理分離―個體化衝突改變歷程研究。師大教育心理學報,28,145-176。
4. 陳高凌(民90):義與面子在華人家庭暴力裡的運作及其對治療之啟示。本土心理學研究,15,63-111。
5. 胡美齡(民89):婚姻暴力家庭互動狀況之探討。輔導季刊,36卷3期,37-42。
6. 林文瑛、王震武(民84):中國父母的教養觀:嚴教觀或打罵觀。本土心理學研究,3,2-92。
7. 吳麗娟(民87):父母自我分化、教養態度對青少年子女自我分化、因應策略及適應影響之研究。師大教育心理學報,30卷1期,91-132。
8. 吳麗娟(民86):「個體化」、「自我分化」的另一端―談「共依附」的意義與內涵。諮商與輔導,144,33-37。
9. 利翠珊、林麗文(民87):代間連結、孝道焦慮與婚姻滿意度―台灣與美國兩市鎮已婚華人女性之比較研究。中華家政學刊,27,84-101。
10. 李美枝(民87):中國人親子關係的內涵與功能:以大學生為例。本土心理學研究,9,3-52。
11. 李文瑄(民88):現代社會中不良的親子互動與人格特質。輔導季刊,35卷1期,40-41。
12. 王淑女(民83):家庭暴力對青少年暴力及犯罪行為的影響。社區發展季刊,68期,191-207。
13. 王大維、郭麗安(民85):家庭系統分化與大學生的心理社會發展之關係研究。中華輔導學報,4期,174-196。
14. 楊國樞(民75):家庭因素與子女行為:臺灣研究的評析。中華心理學刊,28卷1期,7-28。
15. 楊維中(民90):論傳統孝道的歷史價值和其現代意義。中國文化月刊,254,83-101。
 
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