(3.236.231.14) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/14 01:53
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:張盈鴻
研究生(外文):YingHong Zhang
論文名稱:台灣鮑魚在不同溫鹽環境下之耗氧量及溶氧耐性研究
論文名稱(外文):Oxygen consumption and dissolved oxygen tolerance of Haliotis diversicolor supertexta at different temperature and salinity levels
指導教授:陳建初陳建初引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiann-Chu Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:水產養殖學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:台灣鮑耗氧
外文關鍵詞:Haliotis diversicolor supertextaoxygen consumption
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:199
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
研究台灣鮑(九孔)在不同鹽度下之溶氧需求、致死溶氧及半致死溶氧。台灣鮑(5.04 ± 0.30 g)於三個不同鹽度(25、30及35 ppt)及五個不同溫度(14、18、22、26、及30 ℃)十五種組合環境下,研究其耗氧率(oxygen consumption, OC;mg/g/h)與累積耗氧量(cumulative amount of oxygen consumption, COC;mg)。耗氧率及累積耗氧量隨著溫度及鹽度上升而增加。在鹽度35 ppt下,溫度14、18、22、26及30 ℃的耗氧率分別為0.068、0.084、0.089、0.104及0.113 mg/g/h;24小時後的累積耗氧量分別為7.854、10.318、10.957、12.439及14.041 mg。台灣鮑之耗氧率(OC)及累積耗氧(COC)與鹽度(S)、溫度(T)、時間(t)與溫度及時間交乘(Tt)之關係式如下:
OC = 0.0082 + 0.0004S + 0.0031T (R2 = 0.7695)
COC = -1.1564 + 0.0376S + 0.0023T + 0.0868t + 0.0165Tt
(R2 = 0.7695)
研究台灣鮑(5.92 ±0.65 g)在三個不同鹽度(25、30及35 ppt)與五個不同溫度(14、18、22、26及30 ℃)十五種組合環境下之致死溶氧(lethal dissolved oxygen, LDO;mg/l)。在鹽度25 ppt及溫度30 ℃組合下之致死溶氧最高(0.524 mg/l);在鹽度35 ppt及溫度22 ℃組合下之致死溶氧最低(0.100 mg/l)。致死溶氧(LDO)與S、T之關係式如下:
LDO = 0.4200 - 0.0089S + 0.0061T ( R2 = 0.1191 )
台灣鮑(4.13 ± 1.02 g)於不同鹽度(25及35 ppt)下,以靜置換水法(static renewal method),研究其對於溶氧之耐性。活存率(survival)與溶氧濃度(C)、S、t及鹽度與溶氧交乘(SC)、溶氧與時間交乘(Ct)之關係式如下:
Survival = 123.1246 + 0.3395S - 7.3396C - 1.4394t - 0.0541SC + 0.4184Ct ( R2 = 0.8576 )
溶氧對於台灣鮑半致死濃度(LC50)隨著鹽度上升而降低。在鹽度25 ppt下,72、84及96小時LC50分別為1.562、1.763及2.019 mg/l;在鹽度35 ppt下,72、84及96小時LC50分別為1.426、1.647及1.832 mg/l。溶氧對於台灣鮑在72∼96小時間之半致死濃度(LC50)與S及t之關係式如下:
LC50 = 0.5410 - 0.0123S + 0.0182t (R2 = 0.6367)

Oxygen consumption (OC, mg/g/h) and cumulative amount of oxygen consumption (COC, mg) of Haliotis diversicolor supertexta (5.04 ± 0.30 g) were measured at fifteen combined environments (salinity 25, 30 and 35 ppt and temperature at 14, 18, 22, 26 and 30 ℃). Oxygen consumption (OC, mg/g/h) and cumulative amount of oxygen consumption (COC, mg) increased directly with temperature and salinity. In 35 ppt, oxygen consumption was 0.068, 0.084, 0.089, 0.104 and 0.113 mg/g/h and the cumulative amount of oxygen consumption was 7.854, 10.318, 10.957 12.439 and 14.041 mg at 14, 18, 22, 26 and 30 ℃, respectively. The relationship among oxygen consumption (OC) and cumulative amount of oxygen consumption (COC), salinity (S), temperature (T), exposure time (t), interaction between T and t (Tt) is as follow:
OC = 0.0082 + 0.0004S + 0.0031T (R2 = 0.7695)
COC = -1.1564 + 0.0376S + 0.0023T + 0.0868t + 0.0165Tt
(R2 = 0.7695)
Lethal dissolved oxygen (LDO, mg/l) of Haliotis diversicolor supertexta (5.92 ±0.65 g) were examined at fifteen combined environments (salinity 25, 30 and 35 ppt and temperature at 14, 18, 22, 26 and 30 ℃). Lethal dissolved oxygen was highest at 25 ppt and 30 ℃(0.524 mg/l) and the lowest at 35 ppt and 22 ℃(0.100 mg/l). The relationship among lethal dissolved oxygen (LDO), S, T is as follows:
LDO = 0.4200 - 0.0089S + 0.0061T ( R2 = 0.1191 )
Haliotis diversicolor supertexta (4.13 ± 1.02 g) were exposed to different concentrations of dissolved oxygen (DO) using the static renewal method at 25 and 35 ppt at 21 ℃. The relationship among survival, dissolved oxygen (C), S, t, interaction between S and C (SC), and interaction between C and t (Ct) is as follow :
Survival = 123.1246 + 0.3395S - 1.4394t - 7.3396C - 0.0541SC + 0.4184Ct (R2 = 0.8576)
The 72, 84, and 96 h LC50 of DO on Haliotis diversicolor supertexta was 1.562, 1.763, and 2.019 mg/l at 25 ppt and 1.426, 1.647, and 1.832 mg/l at 35 ppt, respectively. The relationship among LC50 of DO, S and T is as follows :
LC50 = 0.5410 - 0.0123S + 0.0182T (R2 = 0.6367)

摘要……………………………………………………………………….Ⅲ
Abstract…………………………………………………………………...Ⅴ
第一章 緒言…………………………………………………………….…1
圖……………………………………………………………………….…..5
第二章 文獻整理………………………………………………………….6
第三章 台灣鮑魚在不同溫度及鹽度組合下之耗氧研究
一、摘要…………………………………………………………………..13
二、前言…………………………………………………………………..13
三、材料與方法…………………………………………………………..14
四、結果…………………………………………………………………..15
五、討論…………………………………………………………………..17
表………………………………………………………………………….22
圖………………………………………………………………………….28
第四章 台灣鮑魚在不同溫度及鹽度組合下之致死溶氧研究
一、摘要…………………………………………………………………..30
二、前言…………………………………………………………………...30
三、材料與方法…………………………………………………………..31
四、結果…………………………………………………………………...32
五、討論…………………………………………………………………...34
表………………………………………………………………………….40
圖………………………………………………………………………….46
第五章 台灣鮑魚在不同鹽度下對於低溶氧耐性之研究
一、摘要…………………………………………………………………...48
二、前言…………………………………………………………………..48
三、材料與方法…………………………………………………………...49
四、結果…………………………………………………………………..50
五、討論…………………………………………………………………..52
表………………………………………………………………………….57
圖………………………………………………………………………….67
第六章 結論……………………………………………………………...68
參考文獻………………………………………………………………….70

中華民國台灣地區漁業統計年報,1976-2002。行政院農業委員會漁業屬。
江永棉、賴春福,1976。九孔的嗜食性研究。中國水產,284:6-7。
周一中、丁雲源,1987。九孔苗致死溶氧試驗。臺灣省水產試驗所試驗報告,43:193-197。
陳淑玲、徐崇仁、盧民益,1990。銀紋笛鯛稚魚對溫、鹽度及溶氧之忍受性。臺灣省水產試驗所試驗報告,49:37-42。
曾文陽,1985。鮑魚養殖學。養魚世界雜誌社,pp. 1-72。
黃貴民,1999。台灣鮑養殖產業經濟與技術因素之分析。國立台灣海洋大學漁業科學研究所博士論文,30-156。
楊鴻禧、丁雲源,1990。九孔陸上養殖法專輯。台灣省水產試驗所台南分所,48:211-215。
詹榮桂,1980。九孔(Haliotis diverdicolor supertexta Lischke)耗氧量與水中溶氧量關係之探討。國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文。
廖一久、黃漢津,1975。草蝦之卵至稚蝦期之氧氣消耗量及致死溶氧量。台灣水產學會刊,4:33-50。
賴竹蘭,1991。鹽度及懸浮物之急遽變化對九孔活存之影響。台灣省水 產試驗所試驗報告,50:267-275。
Allan, G.L., Maguire, G.B., 1991. Lethal levels of low dissolved oxygen and effects of short-term oxygen stress on subsequent growth of juvenile Penaeus monodon. Aquaculture 94, 27-37.
Avault, J.W., 1986. Seven years of pond research with the prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in Louisiana. Aquacult. Mag. 12, 51-54.
Bayne, B.L., 1971. Oxygen consumption by three species of lamellibranch molluscs in declining ambient oxygen tension. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 40A, 955-970.
Beyers, C.J.B., Wilke, C.G., Goosen, P.C., 1994. The effect of oxygen deficiency on growth, intermoult period, mortality and ingestion rates of aquarium- held juveniles rock lobster Jasus lalandii. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 14, 79-87.
Bisker, R., Castagna, M., 1986. The effect of various levels of air-saturated seawater on Mercenaria mercenaria (Linne), with reference to gas bubble disease. J. Shellfish Res. 5, 97-102.
Bisker, R., Castagna, M., 1987. Effect of air supersaturated seawater on Argopectin irradians concentricus (Say) and Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin). J. Shellfish Res. 6, 79-83.
Boolootian, R.A., Farmanfarmaian, A., Giese, A.C., 1962. On the reproductive cycle and breeding habits of two western species of Haliotis. Biol. Bull. 2, 183-193.
Boyd, C.E., 1996. Dissolved Oxygen. In Boyd, C.E., (Ed.), Water Quality in Ponds for Aquaculture. Shrimp Mart, Co. Ltd. Thailand, pp. 48-65.
Boyd, C.E., Watten, B.J., 1989. Aeration systems in aquaculture. Rev. Aquat. Sci. 1, 425-472.
Breitburg, D.L., 1994. Behavioral response of fish larvae to low dissolved oxygen concentrations in a stratified water column. Mar. Biol. 120, 615-625.
Brett, J.R., 1979. Environmental factors and growth. In: Hoar, W.S., Randall, D.J., Brett J.R. (Eds.), Fish Physiology, Vol. 8. Bioenergetics and Growth. Academic Press, New York, pp. 599-675.
Brooks, S.P.J., de Zwaan, A., van den Thillart, G., Cattani, O., Cortesi, P., Storey, K.B., Differential survival of Venus gallina and scapharca inaequivalvis during anoxic stress: covalent modification of phosphofructokinase and glyogen phosphorylase during anoxia. J. Comp. Physiol. 161, 207-212.
Chen, H.C., 1984. Recent innovations in cultivation of edible molluscs in Taiwan, with special reference to the small abalone Haliotis diversicolor and the hard clam Meretrix lusoria. Aquaculture 39, 11-27.
Chen, H.C., Yang, H.S., 1979. Aritificial propagation of the abalone, Haliotis diversicolor supertexta. China Fish. Monthly 314, 3-9.
Chen, J.C., Chen, W.C., 1999. Temperature tolerance of Haliotis diversicolor supertexta at different salinity and temperature levels. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 124A, 73-80.
Chen, J.C., Chen, W.C., 2000. Salinity tolerance of Haliotis diversicolor supertexta at different salinity and temperature levels. Aquaculture 181, 191-203.
Chen, J.C., Chia, P.G., 1996. Oxygen uptake and nitrogen excretion of juvenile Scylla serrata at different temperature and salinity levels. J. Crust. Biol. 16, 437-442.
Chen, J.C., Lee, W.C., 1999. Growth of Taiwan abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta fed on Gracilaria tenuistipitata and artificial diet in a multiple-tier basket system. J. Shellfish Res. 18, 627-635.
Chen, J.C., Nan, F.H., 1992. Effect of temperature, salinity and ambient ammonia on lethal dissolved oxygen of Penaeus chinensis juveniles. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 101C, 459-461.
Chen, L.Y., Heath, A.G., Neves, R.J., 2001. Comparison of oxygen consumption in freshwater mussels (Unionidae) from different habitats during declining dissolved oxygen concentration. Hydrobiologia. 450, 209-214.
Cheng, W., Li, C.H., Chen, J.C., 2003. Effect of dissolved oxygen on the immune response of Haliotis diversicolor supertexta and its susceptibility to Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Aquaculture, (In press).
Cheng, W., Yeh, S.P., Wang, C.S., Chen, J.C., 2002. Osmotic and ionic changes in Taiwain abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta at different salinity levels. Aquaculture 203, 349-357.
Clark, J.V., 1986. Inhibition of moulting in Penaeus semisulcatus (De Haan) by long-term hypoxic. Aquaculture 52, 253-254.
Clarke, M., McMahon, R.F., 1996. Effect of hypoxia and low-frequency agitation on byssogenesis in the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas). Biol. Bull. 191, 413-420.
Coiro, L., 2002. Determination of lethal dissolved oxygen levels for selected marine and estuarine fishes, crustaceans, and a bivalve. Mar. Biol. 140, 287-296.
Dai, R.S., Wu, W.L., 1989. Historical review and outlook on the studies of abalone from Taiwan. Bull Malacol ROC. 14, 93-106.
Díaz, F., del Río-Portílla, M.A., Sierra, E., Aguilar, M., Re-Araujo, A.D., 2000. Preferred temperature and critical thermal maxima of red abalone Haliotis rufescens. J. Therm. Biol. 25, 257-261.
Dimock, R.V.J., Wright, A.H., 1993. Sensitivity of juvenile freshwater mussels to hypoxic, thermal and acid stress, J. Elisha Mitch. Sci. Soc. 109, 183-192.
Douros, W.J., 1987. Stacking behavior of an intertidal abalone : An adaptive response or a consequence of space limitation. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 108, 1-14.
Elston, R., Lockwood, G.S., 1983. Pathogenesis of Vibriosis in cultured juvenile red abalone, Haliotis rufescens Swainson. J. Fish Dis. 6, 111-128.
Fallu, R., 1991. Abalone Farming . Fishing News Books, Oxford, England, 195 pp.
Fleming, A.E., Hone, P.W., 1996. Introduction abalone aquaculture. Aquaculture 140, 1-4.
Fry, F.E.J., 1971. The effect of environmental factors on the physiology of fish. In: Hoar W.S., Randall D.J., (Eds.), Fish Physiology, Vol. 6. Environmental Relations and Behaviour. Academic Press, New York, pp.1-98.
Gaty, G., Wilson, J.H., 1986. Effect of body size, starvation, temperature and oxygen tension on the oxygen consumption of hatchery-reared ormers Haliotis tuberculata L. Aquaculture 56, 229-237.
Goldberg, R., 1978. Some effects of gas supersaturated seawater on Spisula solidissima and Argopectin irradians. Aquaculture 4, 81-84.
Harris, J.O., Maguire, G.B., Edwards, S.J., Johns, D.R., 1999. Low dissolved oxygen reduces growth rate and oxygen consumption rate of juvenile greenlip abalone, Haliotis laevigata Donovan. Aquaculture 174, 265-278.
Hecht, T., 1994. Behavioural thermoregulation of the abalone, Haliotis midae, and the implications for intensive culture. Aquaculture 126, 170-181.
Hicks, D.W., McMahon, R.F., 2002. Respiratory responses to temperature and hypoxia in the nonindigenous Brown Mussel, Perna perna (Bivalvia: Mytilidae), from the Gulf of Mexico. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 277, 61-78.
Hindrum, S.M., Burke, C.M., Edwards, S.J., Johns, D.R., 2001. Effect of combined exposure to elevated ammonia and low dissolved oxygen levels in greenlip (Haliotis laevigata Donovan) and blacklip (H. rubra Leach) abalone. 1. Growth and mortality data from simulated systems failure. J. Shellfish Res. 20, 679-684.
Hines, A., Anderson, S., Brisbin, M., 1980. Heat tolerance in the black abalone Haliotis cracherodii Leach: Effect of temperature fluctuation and acclimation. Veliger. 23, 113-118.
Hoback, W.W., Barnhart, M.C., 1996. Lethal limits and sublethal effect of hypoxia on the amphipod Gammarus pseudolimnaeus. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 15, 117-126.
Hochachka, P.W., Somero, G.N., 1973. Temperature strategies of biochemical adaptation. J. Exp. Zool. 205, 179-270.
Ingerson, T.I., Geddes, M.C., 1995. Respiration and survival of yabbies, Cherax destructor Clark, during hypoxia and the effect of hypoxia on growth in the laboratory. Freshwater Crayfish 10. Tenth international symposium of Astacology., Louisiana state univ., Baton rouge, LA., U.S.A., pp. 221-229.
Jan, R.Q., Chang, K.H., 1983. The oxygen consumption by Formosan abalone, Haliotis diversicolor supertexta Lishke, during decline of ambient oxygen. Bull. Inst. Zool. 22, 43-48.
Johnson, P.D., Mcmahon, R.F., 1998. Effect of temperature and chronic hypoxia on survivorship of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) and Asian clam (Corbicula fluminae). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55, 1564-1572.
Kawamura, T., Saido, T., Takami, H., Yamashita, Y., 1995. Dietary value of benthic diatoms for the growth of post-larval abalone Haliotis discus hannai. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 194, 189-199.
Kinne, O., 1963. The effect of temperature and salinity on marine and brackish water animals-І. Temperature. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev. 1, 301-340.
Lavina, E.M., Llcala A.C., 1973. Ecological studies on Philippines sigadid fishes in South Negros, Philippines, Marine Science Special Symposium 7th-14th December.
Le Moullac, G., Soyez, C., Saulnier, D., Ansquer, D., Avarre, J.C., Levy, P., 1998. Effect of hypoxia stress on the immune response and the resistance to vibriosis of the shrimp Penaeus stylirostris. Fish shellfish Immunol. 8, 621-629.
Lee, K.K., Liu, P.C., Chen, C.Y., Huang, C.Y., 2001. The implication of ambient temperature with outbreak of vibriosis in cultured small abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta Lischke. J. Thermal Biol. 26, 585-587.
Leitman, A., 1992. The effect of gas supersaturation on the behaviour, growth and mortality of red abalone, Haliotis rufescens (Swainson). In Shepherd S.A., Tegner, M.J., Guzman del Proo, S.A., (Eds.), Abalone of the world. Fishing New Books, Mexico, pp.75-85.
Liu, P.C., Chen, Y.C., Huang, C.Y., Lee, K.K., 2000. Virulence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from culture small abalone, Haliotis diversicolor supertexta, with withering syndrome. Letters in Applied Microbiol. 31, 433-437.
Mackay, J.E., Shumway, S.E., 1980. Factors affecting oxygen consumption in the scallop Chlamys delicatula (Hutton) Ophelia. 19, 19-26.
Madenjian, C.M., Rogers, G.L., Fast, A.W., 1987. Predicting night-time dissolved oxygen loss in prawn ponds of Hawai, Part Ι. Evaluation of traditional methods. Aquacult. Eng. 6, 191-208.
Malouf, R., Keck , R., Maurer, D., Epifanio, C., 1972. Occurrence of gas bubble disease in three species of bivalve molluscs. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 29, 588-589.
Matthews, M.A., McMahon, R.F., 1994. The survival of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) and Asian clams (Corbicula fluminea) under extreme hypoxia. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Zebra Mussel Conference. Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, Madison, West Indian, pp. 231-249.
McAllen, R., Walker, D., Taylor, A., 2002. The environmental effects of salinity and temperature on the oxygen consumption and total body osmolality of the marine flatworm Procerodes littoralis. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 268, 103-113.
McMahon, R.F., Alexander, J.E.J.R., (1991) Respiratory responses to temperature, hypoxia and temperature acclimation in the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha (Pall). Am. Zool. 31A, 74pp.
Mikheev, V.P., 1964. Mortality rate of Dreissena polymorpha in anaerobic conditions. In Shegman, B.K., (Ed.), Biology and Control of Dreissena. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Ltd., IPST Cat, Jerusalem, pp. 65-68.
Miller, D.C., Poucher, S.L., Coiro, L., 2002. Determination of lethal dissolved oxygen levels for selected marine and estuarine fishes, crustaceans, and a bivalve. Mar. Biol. 140, 287-296.
Morris, S., Challaghan, J., 1998. Respiratory and metabolic responses of the Australian Yabby (Cherax destructor) to sustained environmental hypoxia. J. Comp. Physiol. 168B, 377-388.
Morrissy, N.M., Caputi, N., House, R.R., 1984. Tolerance of marron (Cherax tenuimanus) to hypoxia in relation to aquaculture. Aquaculture 41, 61-74.
Murdoch, R.C., Shumway, S.E., 1980. Oxygen consumption in six species of chitons on relation to their position on the shore. Ophelia. 19, 127-144.
Newell, R.C., 1970. Respiration and metabolism. In Newell, R.C., (Ed.). Biology of Intertidal Animal. Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, pp. 265-450.
Newell, R.C., Pye, V.I., 1971. Quantitative aspects of the relationship between metabolism and temperature in the winkle, Littorina littorea (L.). Comp. Biochem. Physicol. 38B, 635-650.
Newell, R.C., Roy, A., 1973. A statistical model relating the oxygen consumption of a mollusk (Littorina littorea) to activity, body size and environmental condition. Physiol. Zool. 46, 252-275.
Nicholson, S., 2002. Ecophysiological aspects of cardiac activity in the subtropical mussel Perna viridis (L.) (Bivalvia: Mytilidae). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 267, 207-222.
Nimura, Y., Yamakawa, H., 1989. Oxygen uptake rate and heart rate of small abalone Sulculus supertexta as related to the ambient oxygen concentration. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 55, pp. pp. 1869.
Nimura, Y., Yamakawa, H., Tamai, K., 1993. Tolerance of Theora fragilis (Bivalvia: Semelidae) to low concentration of dissolved oxygen. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 59, 615-620.
Nogami, K., Umezawa, S., Sakaguchi, S., Fukuhara, O., 1981. The effect of dissolved oxygen on the oxygen consumption and mortality of Fulvia mutica (Reeve) (Bivalvia). Bull. Nansei. Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 13, 19-28.
Pichavant, K., Person-Le-Ruyet, J., Bayon, N.L., Severe, A., Roux, A.L., Boeuf, G., 2001. Comparative effects of long-term hypoxia on growth, feeding and oxygen consumption in juvenile turbot and European sea bass. J. Fish Biol. 59, 875-883.
Polhill, V.J.B., Dimock, J.R.V., 1996. Effects of temperature and pO2 on the heart rate of juvenile and adult freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 114A, 135-141.
Prabhakara Rao, Y., Prasada Rao, D.G.V., 1983. Effect of temperature on aquatic and aerial oxygen consumption of Cerithidae (Cerithideopsilla) cingulata (Gmelin) and Cerithum coralium Kiener (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Monit. Zool. Ital. 17, 113-119.
Prosser, C.L., 1966. Oxygen:respiration and metabolism. In Prosser, C.L., Brown, F.A., (Eds.), Comparative animal physiology. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, pp. 153-197.
Sagara, J., Araki, K., 1971. Oxygen consumption of abalone in early developmental stage and juvenile. Bull. Tokai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 65, 11-16.
Saiki, M.K., Monda, D.P., Bellerud, B.L., 1999. Lethal levels of selected water quality variables to larval and juvenile Lost River and shortnose suckers. Environ. Pollut. 105, 37-44.
Sano, T., Maniwa, R., 1962. Studies on the environmental factor having an influence on the growth of Haliotis discus hannai. Bull. Tohoku Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 21, 79-86.
Segawa, S., 1991. Oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion by the abalone Sulculus diversicolor aquatilis in starved condition. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 57, 2001-2006.
Seidman, E.R., Lawrence, A.L., 1985. Growth, feed digestibility, and proximate body composition of juvenile Penaeus vannamei and Penaeus monodon growth at different dissolved oxygen levels. J. World Maricult. Soc. 16, 333-346.
Shepherd, S.A., 1973. Studies on Southern Australian abalone (genus Haliotis) 1.Ecology of five sympatric species. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 24, 217-257.
Shepherd, S.A., Partington, D., 1995. Studies on Southern Australian abalone (genus Haliotis) 16. Recruitment, habitat, and stock relation. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 46, 669-680.
Shumway, S.E., Koehn, R.K., 1982. Oxygen Consumption in the American Oyster Crassostrea virginica. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 9, 89-68.
Shumway, S.E., Youngson, A., 1979. The effects of fluctuating salinity on the physiology of Modiolus demissus (Dillwyn). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 40, 167-181.
Takeda, T., Itazawa, Y., (1979). An estimation of the minimum level of dissolved oxygen in water required for normal life of fish-ΙΙΙ, an experiment with carp avoiding carbon dioxide accumulation. Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish. 45, 329-333.
Tamai, K., 1993. Tolerance of Theora fragilis (Bivalvia:Semelidae) to low concentrations of dissolved oxygen. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 59, 615-620.
Taylor, A.C., Brand, A.R., 1975. Effect of hypoxia and body size on the oxygen consumption of the bivalve Arctica islandica (L.) . J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 19, 187-196.
Taylor, A.C., Butler, P.J., A. Al-Wassia, 1977. Some responses of the shore crab, Carcinus maenas (L) to progressive hypoxia at different acclimation temperature and salinities. J. Comp. Physiol. 122, 391-402.
Taylor, E.W., Wheatly, M.G., 1981. The effect of long term aerial exposure on heart rate, ventilation, respiratory gas exchange and acid-base status in the crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes. J. Exp. Biol. 91, 97-108.
Uki, N., Kikuchi, S., 1975. Oxygen consumption of the abalone, Haliotis discus hannai in relation to body size and temperature. Bull. Tohoku Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 35, 73-84.
Viana, M.T., 2002. Abalone aquaculture, an overview. World Aquacult. 33-39.
Wang, W.X., Widdow, J., 1993. Metabolic responses of the common mussel Mytilus edulis to hypoxia and anoxia. Mar. Ecol.Prog.Ser. 95, 205-214.
Wells, R.M.G., Baldwin, J., 1995. A comparison of metabolic stress durimg air exposed in two species of New Zealand abalone, Haliotis iris and Haliotis australis:implications for the handling and shipping of live animals. Aquaculture 134, 361-370.
Yang, H.H., Ting, Y.Y., 1986. Artifical propagation and culture of abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta Lischke. Bull. Taiwan Fish. Res. Inst. 40, 195-301.
Yang, H.H., Ting, Y.Y., 1989. Land-based Culture Method of Taiwan Abalone. Tainan Branch, Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute, Taiwan, 1-36.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 江永棉、賴春福,1976。九孔的嗜食性研究。中國水產,284:6-7。
2. 周一中、丁雲源,1987。九孔苗致死溶氧試驗。臺灣省水產試驗所試驗報告,43:193-197。
3. 8. 古振暉,論強制驗尿,軍法專刊,第四十三卷第一期。
4. 14. 何賴傑,正當法律程序原則-刑事訴訟上一個新的法律原則?憲政時代第二十五卷第四期。
5. 17. 吳景芳,刑事被告緘默權之研究,中興法學第四十三期。
6. 18. 吳俊毅,德國刑事訴訟程序中DNA鑑定相關規定(上),軍法專刊,第四十七卷第三期。
7. 22. 周志宏,內在精神自由,月旦法學弟四十七期。
8. 23. 林建中,隱私權概念初探-從美國法之觀點切入,憲政時代第二十三卷第一期。
9. 24. 林故廷,中英警察自犯罪嫌疑人蒐集證據之法令比較,刑事科學第四十二期。
10. 33. 施俊堯,我國刑事訴訟鑑定程序之探討-以尿液證據之鑑定為例,刑事科學第三十九期,民國八十四年三月。
11. 35. 高一書,去氧核醣核酸採樣條例之評析,律師雜誌第二五五期,民國八十九年十二月。
12. 37. 張麗卿,鑑定制度之改革,月旦法學雜誌第九十七期,民國九十二年六月。
13. 39. 陳仟萬,施用安非他命衍生物有關法律問題的研究-以毒品危害防治條例暨麻醉藥品管理條例為探討主軸,月旦法學第四十六期。
14. 40. 陳志龍,一九九七年修正刑事訴訟法的法律探討(上)-兼論大法官會議釋字第三九二號法理之影響,律師雜誌第二二0期,一九九八年一月號。
15. 43. 陳銘祥,外在表現自由,月旦法學第四十七期。
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔