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研究生:吳姿儀
研究生(外文):Wu Tzu-yi
論文名稱:西北太平洋鋸峰齒鮫生殖生物學研究
論文名稱(外文):Reproductive biology of blue shark, Prionace glauca in the northwestern Pacific Ocean
指導教授:莊守正莊守正引用關係
指導教授(外文):Joung Shoou-Jeng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:鋸峰齒鮫生殖胎盤型胎生
外文關鍵詞:Blue sharkPrionace glaucareproductionyolk sac placenta
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本研究針對棲息於西北太平洋海域之鋸峰齒鮫(Prionace glauca)進行生殖生物學研究。所使用樣本係從2001年10月至2003年2月間按月於宜蘭南方澳漁港採得,總計1,079尾,其中雄魚576尾、雌魚503尾,雌魚樣本有40尾為妊娠中母體。所得樣本全為延繩釣所釣獲。樣本主要漁獲水域在20°N~29°N、117°50´E~140°E間,漁獲水深12~200公尺。本種雌、雄50%性成熟體長經判斷分別在178~200公分及172~206公分間。生殖模式為具子宮隔室的胎盤型胎生。當成熟雌魚卵徑達1.6~2公分時會由卵巢排出,經共同開口進入輸卵管,於卵殼腺處受精並被裹以胎兒膜,隨後進入子宮中發育,每年5~8月間可見成熟雌魚子宮中具有受精卵。本研究推估鋸峰齒鮫之交配季在每年的3~8月間,產仔季則在2~5月間,妊娠期約為10個月。胎仔產出體長介於37~45.5公分間,每胎產仔數目3~53尾,平均29尾。生殖週期為2年。
This study was examined the reproductive biology of blue shark, Prionace glauca occurred in northwestern Pacific Ocean. All specimens of this study were captured by longline from surface to 200m in depth from Oct. 2001 to Feb. 2003. A total of 1,079 specimens (including 576 males and 503 females) of blue shark, Prionace glauca were determined in this study, included 40 gravid females. Females and males reached sexual maturity at about 178-200cm and 172-206cm, respectively. Reproduction pattern of blue shark is yolk sac placenta type with uterine compartment. Ova (eggs) are ovulated when they reach 16-20mm in diameter. The data of fertilized eggs and embryos suggested the mating season occurres in early spring to late summer, a gestation period about 10 months and parturities between February and May for this species. Size at birth is approximately 37-45.5cm total length (TL) and litter size varies from 3-53 with a mean value of 29. The predicted reproductive cycle is two years.
目錄
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………i
英文摘要……………………………………………………………… ii
一、前言………………………………………………………………… 1
二、材料方法………………………………………………………..… 7
2-1 樣本的採集、量測及處理………………………………………7
2-2 性成熟判定……………………………………………………8
A. 雄魚…………………………………………………………8
B. 雌魚…………………………………………………………9
2-3精液抹片製作………………………………………………… 10
2-4組織切片製作及觀察……………………………………… 10
2-5盾鱗樣本製作及觀察………………………………………11
三、結果………………………………………….……………………12
3-1體長轉換以及體長體重間的迴歸關係………………………12
3-2 雄性生殖系統概述……………………………………………12
A. 精巢與生殖腺附著器官…………………………………12
B. 副睪及精細管……………………………………………13
C. 輸精管……………………………………………………14
D. 儲精囊…………………………………………………14
E. 交接器……………………………………………………14
F. 虹吸囊……………………………………………………14
3-3 雌生殖系統概述…………….........…………………………15
A. 卵巢與生殖腺附著器官……………………………………15
B. 共同開口……………………………………………………15
C. 卵殼腺………………………………………………………15
D. 輸卵管………………………………………………………17
E. 子宮、子宮隔室及陰道……………………………………17
3-4 精子發生與卵子發生…………………………………………18
A. 精子發生…………………………………………………18
B. 卵子發生…………………………………………………19
3-5 精液抹片觀察………………………………………………20
3-6雌雄性成熟體長判定………………………………………21
C. 雄魚………………………………………………………21
D. 雌魚………………………………………………………22
3-7 咬痕的出現與交配季節判定…………………………………23
3-8 繁殖策略………………………………………………………24
A. 胎仔………………………………………………………25
B. 產仔數與母體體長之關係……………………………28
C. 妊娠期及產仔季節………………………………………29
D. 生殖週期…………………………………………………29
3-9 雌雄性比以及胎仔性比………………………………………30
四、討論………………………………….……………………………31
五、參考文獻………….………………………………………………46
附表……………………………………………………………………51
附圖……………………………………………………………………58
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