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研究生:林誠迪
研究生(外文):Cheng-Ti Lin
論文名稱:菲利普˙羅素小說《波特諾伊的抱怨》中之性慾與性教育
論文名稱(外文):Sexuality and Sex Education in Philip Roth’s Portnoy’s Complaint
指導教授:吳萼洲
指導教授(外文):E-Chou Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:英文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:宗教波特諾伊性慾《波特諾伊的抱怨》伊底帕斯情結教育猶太教弗洛伊德心理分析自慰認同
外文關鍵詞:IdentificationMasturbationSexualityPortnoyReligionEducationJudaismFreudPsychoanalysisOedipus ComplexPortnoy’s Complaint
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論文摘要

本論文旨在探討菲利普、羅素所著之《波特諾伊的抱怨》一書中,所潛在有關性教育方面的價值與意義。猶太人特殊的宗教和歷史傳承成就了其獨特之民族性格。然而在其道德體面之背後,人類生殖本能所演生之性慾問題,一樣存在於猶太民族當中,成為其鮮為人知的一面。在《波特諾伊的抱怨》一書中,三十三歲的猶太裔美國人波特諾伊,其由幼及長,皆為同輩中之傑出人物。但從四歲起即飽受性慾問題困擾,每下愈況,苦不堪言,年過三十而不婚。由戀母、自慰、看色情表演、找妓女、性器追逐、乃至最後性無能,須要看心理醫生。本論文藉由對文化與性滿足之關聯性和衝突性的探討,分析文本中波特諾伊之病態來源及解決之道。並以弗洛伊德心理分析理論,強化解決之道之可行性和理論基礎。從而建立一個良好的性教育模式,以助解決文明社會中普遍存在之性問題。
在第一章中,經由對其它有關《波特諾伊的抱怨》一書的論述介紹,以說明性議題在文本中所佔之地位和價值,並從而發現到一般研究,偏重其文學性的價值,而忽略其所存在之社會意義和教育性。進而以文本內容來分析此一社會問題並研商解決之道。第二章以社會之根本──家庭為分析重點,探討波特諾伊家庭本身造成波特諾伊性困擾之因素何在。並由其狀況和社會現實對照,確認家庭在性教育方面所應扮演的角色和作為。而猶太人生活指導的猶太教在當今的社會狀況下,又應如何調整,為性教育化阻力為助力。第三章則以學校和同儕為分析重點,以了解學校本身存在之缺失和對波特諾伊和其同儕之負面影響及其與同儕之交互影響,並對照美國現今之社會現象,了解性教育問題所在及其嚴重性,試著找出學校應有的解決之道。第四章則以弗洛伊德理論對照文本中之事件,探討波特諾伊病因所在。並以此理論為基礎,為波特諾伊的雙親找出適當的行為模式和對其之管教方式。使其順利通過伊底帕斯情結,認同父親,培養男子氣概,能為家庭犧牲奮鬥,終能結婚生子,遠離無盡的自慰、性慾和罪惡感。最後一章則經由對羅素其它作品的介紹以確認性議題和諸多社會現象之關聯在其作品中所佔有的地位和顯示之意義。並以喬艾斯之作品《一位年輕藝術家的畫像》為例,說明小說關心類似議題的存在。希望藉此推展以小說研究社會問題的風氣,提升小說在社會改革上的正面意義。
Abstract

This thesis aims to discuss the potential value and meaning of sex education in Philip Roth’s Portnoy’s Complaint. Jews have a unique national character because of their special religious belief and historical development. However, behind the appearance of morality and good manners, sexuality from human instinct of fertility does annoy the Jews and become the part rarely acquired by other people. In Portnoy’s Complaint, 33-year-old Jewish American Portnoy is a prominent figure in peers from childhood to adulthood. However, he has been tortured by sexuality since he was 4. Things have been getting worse with time. His misery is beyond description. He is still single at his 30s. He starts from failing to pass Oedipus complex well, then seeing sex show, then finding prostitutes for sex, and then “chasing cunt” everywhere, and then suffering from sexual impotence. As a result, he needs to see a mental doctor. This thesis is intended to analyze Portnoy’s symptoms of mental illness to find out a way to release his annoyance through a discussion about the relation and conflicts between civilization and sexual satisfaction. Sigmund Freud’s psycho-analysis theories are used to reinforce the possibility of its solution and supply the solution with a strong theoretical basis. Thus, a good model operation of sex education is built to solve the universal problem of sexuality in a civilized society.
In the first chapter, major essays relating to Portnoy’s Complaint are reviewed to illustrate the position, value, and theme of sex in the text. It indicates that most researches done over the past years focus on literary values of the novel, but ignore its value of sociology and of education. Thus, an analysis of the social problem in the text to find a way to solve it is needed to make up for this lack. The second chapter focuses on the basis of society—family, to find out the sources for Portnoy’s suffering. Then a comparison between this and the reality in the society is made to see what role a family should play and what a family should do in sex education. And as the guiding authority, Judaism should know what it can do to adjust itself to turn from a negative force to an affirmative vitality for sex education. Chapter Three centers around schools and peers to find out the defects of the schools and their negative effects to Portnoy and his peers, and even their interaction. A comparison between the case and today’s America helps to find out what results in difficulty for sex education and how serious the consequence is, and what the school can do for solution. Chapter Four uses Freudian theories to analyze the reasons for his illness, and thus to create a model behavior and a way of operation to teach Portnoy for his parents. This is intended to help Portnoy pass the trial of Oedipus complex, identify with his father, cultivate masculinity and be able to sacrifice for his family. He can finally get married, leave alone masturbation, endless sexual desire and sense of guilt. The last chapter contains an introduction of Roth’s novel series to highlight the relation of sex and many social phenomena, its value and meaning. A concern of this issue is also seen in other novelist’s works like James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Hopefully, this thesis can develop a fashion of reading novels for the purpose of social innovation and elevate the meaning of novels.
Table of Contents

Chinese Abstract……………………………………………………………….. i

English Abstract………………………………………………………………..iii

Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………….vi

Chapter One:Introduction……………………………………………………1

Chapter Two:Moral-Oriented Sex Education at Home……………………10

Chapter Three:Sex Education at School and Peer Pressure for Sex……..33

Chapter Four:Application of Freud’s Psychoanalysis in Sex Education…57

Chapter Five:Conclusion…………………………………………………….78

Works Consulted……………………………………………………………….86
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