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研究生:高瑛紜
研究生(外文):kao ying-yun
論文名稱:高分子複合材料及表面改質技術於金屬分離回收之應用
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Polymeric Composite andSurface Modification and the Applications on Separation and Recycle of Meta
指導教授:陳志恆陳志恆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jyh-Herng Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:材料及資源工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:合成樹脂重金屬分離回收表面改質磁性載體
外文關鍵詞:ResinMetal ionseparation and recycleSurface modificationMagnetite carrier
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由於含金屬的廢棄物種類繁多,本研究將選擇以受重金屬污染的石油煉製程序所產生之廢觸媒、印刷電路板製程廢水以及光電半導體製程廢晶圓等三種含金屬物質的廢棄物為對象,以探討新型選擇性離子交換樹脂對於事業廢棄物資源再利用之可行性。
本論文開發兩種新型選擇性離子交換樹脂,對於各種產業中主要含量之金屬物質做分離回收之研究。(1)感磁性載體:為聚苯乙烯包覆感磁性材料,並於聚苯乙烯表面以金屬螫合劑進行改質,以增加其對金屬的選擇性。磁選與溶劑萃取為資源工程中之分離技術,感磁性載體結合磁選與溶劑萃取的優點,利用磁場的作用,迅速有效的將載體與液體分離,達到從低濃度廢液中將污染物富集分離,甚至回收其中有價物質的目的。(2)Solvent non-solvent改質市售樹脂Amberlite XAD-4:利用Solvent non-solvent的方式增加螫合劑(D2EHPA)固定在樹脂表面的穩定度,來達到選擇性分離的目的。本研究主要是利用自行合成之新型樹脂與市售樹脂,以相同的表面改質方式,研究兩種樹脂對於金屬物質分離回收的差異與效能,以解決金屬污染問題,同時達到資源永續發展的目的。
In this study, three kinds of industrial wastes, namely spent catalyst from petrochemical industry, wastewater from printed circuit board process and spent wafer from semiconductor industry, were subjected to separation process in order to recover the valuables. Two new types of ion exchange resin were developed and characterized. Separation experiments were conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of possible applications of these two ion exchange resins.
Selective ion exchange resin can be prepared by encapsulating magnetite inside polystyrene, followed by surface modification with metal ion extractant. The ion exchange resin will posses specific metal ion extraction capability as well as magnetic characteristics. This separation technology combines the advantages of magnetic separation and solvent extraction. Extractant can also be immobilized on to the surface of Amberlite XAD-4 resin by using solvent-non solvent process. The immobilized extractant, i.e. D2EHPA, has good stability on resin and shows better metal ion separation efficiency than analog solvent impregnated resin.
中文摘要 і
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 ix
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.1.1 觸媒產業概況 1
1.1.1.1 廢觸媒的成份與處理現況 2
1.1.1.2 廢觸媒資源化技術評估 6
1.1.2 印刷電路板產業概況 7
1.1.2.1 印刷電路板之原料 7
1.1.2.2 印刷電路板產品種類與應用 8
1.1.2.3 印刷電路板高濃度廢液之處理現況 10
1.1.3 光電半導體產業之砷化鎵產業概況 12
1.1.3.1 砷化鎵的特性 12
1.1.3.2 砷化鎵的應用與市場 13
1.1.3.3 廢砷化鎵之處理現況 15
1.2 研究目的 16
第二章 理論基礎 17
2.1溶劑萃取理論 17
2.1.1萃取平衡 18
2.1.2 利用萃取劑分離重金屬 19
2.2離子交換樹脂之基礎 20
2.2.1 離子交換樹脂之分類及特性 20
2.2.2 Amberlite XAD-4樹脂表面改質技術 26
2.3感磁性載體製備之基礎理論 27
2.3.1超微磁粒(Fe3O4)之製備 28
2.3.2乳化聚合反應 29
第三章 實驗方法與步驟 32
3.1 實驗材料及設備 32
3.2 實驗流程 34
3.3 實驗方法 36
3.3.1螯合劑固定化於Amberlite XAD-4的製備 36
3.3.2 感磁性載體的製備 38
3.3.2.1 超微粒磁粉的製備 38
3.3.2.2 感磁性載體的合成 39
3.3.3 金屬離子之吸附行為 41
3.3.3.1 溶媒萃取 41
3.3.3.2等溫吸附 42
3.3.4 金屬選擇性分離 42
第四章 結果與討論 43
4.1 螯合劑固定化於Amberlite XAD-4樹脂 43
4.1.1 不同乙醇濃度對樹脂體積的影響 43
4.1.2 螯合劑D2EHPA界面活性的性質 50
4.1.3 改質後樹脂的穩定性 53
4.2 改質後Amberlite XAD-4應用於金屬分離 57
4.2.1 廢觸媒中釩、鉬的分離 57
4.2.1.1 溶劑萃取 57
4.2.1.2 等溫吸附 66
4.2.1.3 分離實驗 74
4.2.2 廢印刷電路板中銅、鉛的分離 77
4.2.2.1 溶劑萃取 77
4.2.2.2 等溫吸附 83
4.2.2.3 分離實驗 84
4.2.3 廢砷化鎵晶圓中鎵、銅的分離 90
4.2.3.1 溶劑萃取 90
4.2.3.2 等溫吸附 95
4.2.3.3 分離實驗 96
4.3 感磁性載體的應用 100
4.3.1 超微磁粒的製備 100
4.3.2 高分子包覆製備感磁性載體 102
4.3.3 感磁性載體對銅鉛的分離研究 108
第五章 結論 110
參考文獻 111
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