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研究生:曾柏維
研究生(外文):PoWei Tseng
論文名稱:含二硫代胺螯合基之環氧基甲基丙烯酸酯共聚物與重金屬離子交換反應探討
論文名稱(外文):Ion Exchange of Heavy Metal Ion with Glycidyl Methacrylate Copolymer Containing Dithiocarbamate Chelating Group
指導教授:陳幹男
指導教授(外文):K. N. Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:化學學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:二硫代胺基甲酸環氧基甲基丙烯酸酯共聚物
外文關鍵詞:dithiocarbamateglycidyl methacrylate copolymer
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本論文是利用二硫化碳(carbon disulfide)與含雙胺化合物反應製備含胺基的二硫代胺基甲酸(dithiocarbamate)基團,並進而將此基團引入環氧基甲基丙烯酸酯共聚物(glycidyl methacrylate copolymer)形成具有金屬離子螯合功能性官能基的高分子。本實驗分別使用對苯二胺(p-phenylenediamine)及乙二胺(ethylenediamine)在鹼性條件中與二硫化碳反應,生成二硫代胺基甲酸鹽,另一端胺基再與環氧基甲基丙烯酸酯共聚物的環氧基進行開環反應,形成懸掛二硫代胺基甲酸鹽之環氧基甲基丙烯酸酯共聚物﹔利用此共聚物所含二硫代胺基甲酸鹽,在不同的pH值環境中探討此二硫代胺基甲酸鹽之環氧基甲基丙烯酸酯共聚物分別與鉛和銅金屬離子的螯核反應。  利用紅外線光譜以及核磁共振光譜鑑定懸掛二硫代胺基甲酸鹽之甲基丙烯酸酯共聚物,以原子吸收儀測量高分子對金屬離子的吸附前後溶液中金屬濃度的變化,以熱重分析儀探討此功能性共聚物吸附金屬離子前後其熱穩定性質。
A dithiocarbamate group containing compound is introduced into glycidyl methacrylate copolymer and the resulting copolymer serves as a metallic ion chelating functional polymer.
Amino-terminated and dithiocarbamate group containing compounds are obtained from the reaction of carbon disulfide with p-phenylenediamine and ethylenediamine in an alkali solution, respectively. Amino group of these dithiocarbamate compounds react with the epoxide group of glycidyl methacrylate copolymer and dithiocarbamate becoming a pendent of these copolymers. The ion exchange of lead and cupric ions with these dithiocarbamate containing polymers under different pH values are investigated.
The identification of dithiocarbamate group containing compounds are carried by FT-IR and FT-NMR; the metallic ion exchange capacity of a known solution before and after these chelating processes by these polymers are measured by atomic absorption spectra; The thermal stability of these copolymers before and after metallic ion exchange are evaluated by thermogravimetric analyzer.
第一章 緒論
一.前言...........................................1
二.簡介...........................................2
第二章 文獻回顧..........................................6
第三章 實驗部分
一.儀器與裝置....................................11
二.藥品..........................................12
三.實驗步驟......................................13
四.離子濃度偵測、熱重分析........................22
五. 膠含量、接觸角、吸水性及對水損失率...........24
六. 光譜鑑定分析.................................26
第四章 結果與討論
一.單體及化合物鑑定..............................27
二.金屬離子濃度測定..............................31
三.熱重分析......................................38
四.膠含量、接觸角、吸水性及對水損失率............44
第五章 結論.............................................46
參考文獻..................................................47
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