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研究生:謝瓊儀
研究生(外文):Amy Chiung-Yi Hsieh
論文名稱:小組探究對學習動機及聽說能力的影響與成效:以大一學生為例
論文名稱(外文):The Effectiveness of Group Investigation on Learners’ Motivation, Listening Comprehension and Speaking: A Case Study of University Freshmen
指導教授:范瑞玲范瑞玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rueih-Lirng Sharon Fahn
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:英文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:英文
論文頁數:159
中文關鍵詞:溝通式教學法合作學習小組探究學習動機聽力口語表達
外文關鍵詞:communicative competenceCommunicative Language Teachingcooperative learninggroup investigationmotivationlistening comprehensionoral production
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現今英語教學強調以英語為人際溝通工具,並能在日常生活中流利使用英語;因此,在課堂中提供學生真實且足夠的語言練習以增進其語言溝通能力,已為現今英語教學的主要目標。然而,傳統教學的影響與班級人數過多的問題,使英語教師難以達成此目標。
合作學習強調小組組員間的互助合作以達到學習的目的,在合作學習的環境中,組員間積極與頻繁的溝通增進了學生練習英語的機會,許多文獻也證實合作學習可以解決班級人數過多及學生程度差異不一的問題,並提升學生學習動機、降低學習焦慮與提升學習成果。在眾多合作學習的方法中,小組探究透過訓練學生於小組中互助合作、探究與解決問題,進而幫助學生建構知識與培養人際關係與智能。因此,本實驗採取小組探究法來增進大一英語聽講實習課程的成效。
本研究以淡江大學115位大一新生為研究對象,分別接受一般教學與小組探究法教學,藉以探討小組探究對學習動機及聽說能力的影響與成效。研究結果顯示,小組探究法提升了學生的學習動機,並增進其聽力與口語表達。本研究提供了英語教師一個使用合作學習(小組探究法)的成功經驗及在課堂中如何使用小組探究以增進學生學習動機與聽說能力的策略。
Owing to the globalization, people feel that the world gets smaller than before and sense the increasing opportunities to communicate with people of different languages. With this perspective, the objectives of second/foreign language courses have turned to provide learners with opportunities for practice of the target language and to help them communicate with people in foreign languages. However, to provide students with chances for real and sufficient communication in class is a big challenge to second/foreign language teachers and the assessment of speaking is often neglected owing to the tradition of second/foreign language teaching and the large number of students.
Cooperative learning, helping one another within group members learn the academic content and achieve the shared goal, has been evidenced an effective teaching method in many studies as well as a solution to the problems mentioned above (Cohen, 1986; Johnson & Johnson, 1994; Wei, 1996; Chen, 1999; Liang, 2002). In a cooperative learning context, positive and frequent interaction among group members increases chances for students to practice language in an authentic way. One of the cooperative techniques, group investigation, helps learners improve both social and intellectual domains, construct their own knowledge by training students to cooperate in small groups, investigate different topics, and solve problems. To improve the effectiveness of instruction in English Language Drill Course, group investigation was adopted in this study.
This study tried to examine the effectiveness of group investigation on motivation toward English learning, listening comprehension, and oral production. One hundred and fifteen freshmen in Tamkang University were divided into a control group, without receiving any particular treatment, and an experimental group, which received instruction of group investigation. The results revealed that group investigation improved students’ motivation toward English learning, listening comprehension, and oral production.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHINESE ABSTRACT ……………………………………………………………………...i
ENGLISH ABSTRACT ……………………………………………………………………..ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS …………………………………………………………..……iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS ………………………………………………………………….iv
LIST OF TABLES …………………………………………………………………………vii
CHAPTER
CHAPTER ONE — INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………..1
1.1 Problem of the Research ……………………………………………………………..3
1.2 Purpose of the Study …………………………………………………………………6
1.3 Research Questions ……….........................................................................................7
1.4 Scope of the Study …………………………………………………………………...7
1.5 Significance of the Data as Feedback……………………………………………….8
1.6 Organization of the Study …………………..………………………………………..9
1.7 Definition of Terms ………………………………………………………………...10
CHAPTER TWO — REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE………………………………12
2.1 The Current Situation and Problems of Second/Foreign Language Learning for College Students in Taiwan ………………………………………………………….12
2.2 Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)………………………………………...16
2.2.1 Development of Communicative Competence ……………………...…………16
2.2.2 Characteristics of Communicative Language Teaching …….…………………18
2.2.3 Communicative Language Teaching and Cooperative Learning ……………21
2.3 Cooperative Learning ………………………………………………………………21
2.3.1 Theories Underlying Cooperative Learning …………………………………...22
2.3.2 Elements of Cooperative Learning …………………………………………...25
2.3.3 Cooperative Learning Methods …………………………………………........33
2.3.4 Research Findings of Cooperative Learning in EFL Teaching in Taiwan ……..36
2.4 Group Investigation ………………………………………………………………39
2.4.1 Rationale ……………………………………………………………………….39
2.4.2 Stages of Group Investigation …………………………………………………41
2.4.3 Research Findings of Group Investigation in Teaching in Taiwan …………… 44
2.5 Rationale of the Present Study ……………………………………………………...45
2.5.1 Speaking ……………………………………………………………………….46
2.5.1.1 Oral Communication Skills in Pedagogical Research ……………………46
2.5.1.2 The Factors Contributing to Fluent Speech ………………………………49
2.5.1.3 Principles for Designing Speaking Techniques …………………………51
2.5.2 Listening ……………………………………………………………………….53
2.5.2.1 An Interactive Model of Listening Comprehension ……………………...54
2.5.2.2 Factors That Make Listening Difficult ………………………....................55
2.5.2.3 Principles for Teaching Listening …………………………......................58
2.5.3 Motivation toward Learning Foreign Language …………………………….59
2.5.3.1 Types of Motivation……………………….................................................61
2.5.3.2 Measures of Motivation………………………............................................64
CHAPTER THREE — METHODOLOGY ………………………………………………67
3.1 Selection of Participants ……………………………………………………………69
3.2 Materials ……………………………………………………………………………69
3.3 Instructional Design ………………………………………………………………...70
3.4 Data Collection ………………..……………………………………………………75
3.4.1 Motivational Questionnaire ……………………………………………………75
3.4.2 Listening Comprehension Test ………………………………………………...76
3.4.3 Oral Test ……………………………………………….....................................77
3.5 Data Analysis ………………………………………………………………………79
CHAPTER FOUR — RESULTS AND DISCUSSION …………………………………80
4.1 Effectiveness of Group Investigation on Motivation ………………………………80
4.1.1 Results of Motivational Questionnaire ………………………………………80
4.1.2 Students’ Reflections …………………………………………………………85
4.2 Effectiveness of Group Investigation on Listening Comprehension ………………91
4.2.1 Results of Three Listening Comprehension Tests ……………………………92
4.2.2 The Results of the Mid-term and Final Examinations …………………………93
4.3 Effectiveness of Group Investigation on Oral Production ………………………… 96
CHAPTER FIVE — CONCLUSION ……………………………………………………101
5.1 Pedagogical Implications ………………………………………………………….101
5.2 Limitations and Suggestions ………………………………………………………107
5.3 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………108
REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………………110
APPENDICES ………………………………………………………………………….…118
Appendix A: English Questionnaire …………………………………………….….....118
Appendix B: Chinese Questionnaire ……………………………………………….....119
Appendix C: Listening Comprehension Test (Pre-test) ……………………...............121
Appendix D: Listening Comprehension Test (Post-test) …………….………............125
Appendix E: Listening Comprehension Test (Follow-up Test) ……………..............129
Appendix F: Questions for Oral Test (Pre-test) ……………………...………………133
Appendix G: Questions for Oral Test (Post-test) ……………………….....…………135
Appendix H: Questions for Oral Test (Follow-up Test) ……………...………………137
Appendix I: Introduction for Group Investigation ……………...…...………………139
Appendix J: Worksheet for Brainstorming the Subtopics of Each Chapter ……….141
Appendix K: Worksheet for Planning Investigation……………………………….…142
Appendix L: Worksheet for Locate and Organize Information ……….……………143
Appendix M: Worksheet for Integrating Findings ………………...…...……………144
Appendix N: Guidelines for Group Presentations …………………...………………145
Appendix O: Evaluation Sheet………………………….……………...………………146
Appendix P: Sentence Patterns Used in Group Investigation ……....………………147
Appendix Q: Revised ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines for Speaking ………..………149
Appendix R: Examples of Literal Transcription of Oral Test ………………....……156
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1 Syllabus for Experimental Group ………………………………………74
TABLE 2 Independent Samples T Test of Integrative Motivation ………………...81
TABLE 3 Independent Samples T Test of Instrumental Motivation ………………82
TABLE 4 Independent Samples T Test of Personal Motivation …………………..82
TABLE 5 Independent Samples T Test of Motivation towards Language Teachers..83
TABLE 6 Independent Samples T Test of Motivation …………...………………...84
TABLE 7 Independent Samples T Test of Listening Comprehension Test ..………92
TABLE 8 Independent Samples T Test of the Mid-term and Final Exams ………93
TABLE 9 Independent Samples T Test of Oral Production …………………......…97
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Appendix A
English Questionnaire
Item
Instrumental Motivation
1. makes it easier to get along in other countries
2. helps me get a better job or enter a better school
3. makes it possible to become broadly educated
4. is required to pass university exams or other exams
5. helps me to read textbooks written in English
6. may need in later jobs or studies
7. I want to work abroad
Integrative Motivation
8. allows me to understand how foreigners think
9. helps me make friends with foreigners
10. helps me to travel abroad
11. helps me to act like foreigners
12. helps me to watch films or videos
13. helps me to understand pop music
14. helps me to read books and magazines
15. helps me to communicate with foreigners
Personal Motivation
16. allows me to enjoy more entertainment
17. gives me personal satisfaction
18. want to please parents
19. helps me to know the culture and the world
20. helps me to be more knowledgeable
21. helps me to broaden horizon
22. helps me to promote my ability in English
Motivation Based on Teachers
23. teachers'' professional knowledge and skills are very good
24. teachers'' teaching methods and style attract me
25. teachers'' encouragement
26. want to please teachers
Appendix B
大一英文學習動機調查
系級:___________ 姓名:______________ 日期:
提示:請根據自己的經驗及下列五種等級回答下列問題!
5 = 非常同意 2 = 不同意
4 = 同意 1 = 非常不同意
3 = 普通
例:喜歡上英文課
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
我學習英文是因為
1. 想要瞭解外國人的想法
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
2. 較容易在國外生活
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
3. 可以有更多的娛樂
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
4. 可以幫助我得到一份較好的工作或進入較好的學校
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
5. 可以有機會到國外唸書
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
6. 為了通過聯考或考試
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
7. 可以結交外國朋友
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
8. 可以到國外旅行
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
9. 可以幫助我得到個人的滿足感或優越感
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
10. 為了念原文教科書
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
11. 想表現得像外國人
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
12. 想多了解各國文化和整個世界
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
13. 希望知識更豐富
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
14. 想開拓視野
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
15. 將來工作或求學需要
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
16. 可以欣賞英語電影或錄影帶
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
17. 可以聽英文流行歌曲
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
18. 可以閱讀英文書籍雜誌
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
19. 希望到國外工作
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
20. 想提昇自己的英文能力
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
21. 老師的專業知識與技巧很棒
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
22. 老師的教學方法與風格很吸引我
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
23. 老師的鼓勵
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
24. 想要取悅老師
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
25. 想要取悅父母家人
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
26. 可以和外國人溝通
1 2 3 4 5
非常不同意 不同意  普通 同意 非常同意
Appendix C
Listening Comprehension Test (Pre-test)
Part I: Dialogue Completion. Each of the dialogues below has an unfinished line. From among the three choices given, A, B, or C, select the most appropriate one to complete the dialogue. (32%)
1. How many rooms does your apartment have? (B)
(a) There’s a living room.
(b) Six, including three bedrooms.
(c) It’s near the park.
2. When did you move to the new apartment? (C)
(a) On West Street.
(b) My cousin helped me.
(c) Two weeks ago.
3. Could you give me your telephone number? (B)
(a) Sorry, I’m busy right now.
(b) It’s 398 7588.
(c) It’s S-A-N-D-R-A.
4. Do you live alone or with anyone else? (A)
(a) I live with my family.
(b) Because it’s free to live alone.
(c) I like to be with my friends.
5. Could you tell me where the Tower Records is? (B)
(a) You can buy CD there.
(b) No, I’m sorry I can’t. I don’t know this area very well.
(c) Try to find it by yourself.
6. Is there a coffee shop near here? (C)
(a) I know there’s a music store near here.
(b) Do you like coffee?
(c) Yes, there’s one just around the corner, next to the 7-11.
7. How do you get to the City College from the bus station? (C)
(a) Take the bus.
(b) Where is the City College?
(c) Well, you turn left when you come out of the bus station, and walk towards the Peel Street. It’s over there.
8. I’m sorry I don’t know where the movie theater is. (A)
(a) Oh, never mind. Thanks anyway.
(b) Oh, it’s not my day!
(c) All right, you can leave. 9. Do we need to buy any bread? (B)
(a) We also need orange juice.
(b) No, we have enough.
(c) How about hamburgers?
10. How many peppers do we need for the barbecue tonight? (B)
(a) Two gallons may be plenty.
(b) Three should be enough.
(c) No, it’s not necessary.
11. This is a really good barbecue, Tony! These burgers taste great. (A)
(a) Thanks, John. Are you ready for another one?
(b) I think so.
(c) Do you really like it?
12. How do you make the chicken and rice salad? (C)
(a) Well, Anna made that, not me.
(b) There’re a lot of things you need to do.
(c) It’s really simple. You steam the rice, chop and fry the ingredients, then mix them together.
13. What did you do on the weekend? (B)
(a) Not bad.
(b) I went swimming.
(c) Thanks, it was good. How about you?
14. How do you feel about Italian food? (C)
(a) I don’t really know.
(b) I’ve never done it.
(c) I think it’s great.
15. Do you want to go to the movies tonight? (A)
(a) Yes, sure. What’s playing?
(b) I don’t like Thai food.
(c) I like action movies.
16. Where did you go windsurfing? (B)
(a) Yes, it was fun.
(b) Out of Lake Tahoe.
(c) I’d like to try that sometime.
Part II: Dialogue Question. Each of the dialogues below is followed by a question with three answers. Choose A. B, or C to indicate your answer to each question. (32%)
1. M: Guess what, Maggie! I finally found a new apartment. I just moved in last weekend.
W: Oh that’s great. Where’s it?
M: On Hollywood Road.
W: It’s a nice area.
Q: What did the man find recently? (B)
(a) A store.
(b) An apartment.
(c) A restaurant.
2. M: It’s quite small, but it’s comfortable.
W: Hmm…. How many rooms are there?
M: There’s a living room, a bedroom, a smaller bedroom, a kitchen and a bathroom.
W: Sounds nice.
Q: How many rooms does the apartment have? (B)
(a) Four.
(b) Five.
(c) Six.
3. W: One of my friends is leaving town, and she is selling some of her furniture. Maybe you can buy some of her things.
M: That’s a good idea. What’s she selling?
W: Oh, she has a couch, and some bookcases. Also a table and some chairs. A refrigerator, a desk and a bed. Maybe also a TV, but I’m not sure.
M: Sounds good.
Q: What can the man buy from the woman’s friend? (A)
(a) A couch.
(b) A computer desk.
(c) A lamp.
4. My name is Harry. My favorite room is my bedroom. I don’t have to share my bedroom, so it’s the place where I can relax in private. I like reading in my bedroom, and I also have a computer in there so I can play computer games whenever I want to.
Q: Why does Henry like his bedroom? (C)
(a) It’s large enough.
(b) There’s a big sofa in it.
(c) He can relax in private.
5. W: I’m looking for the Chiang Kaishek Memorial Hall. Do you know where it is?
M: Yes, it’s very nearby. It’s about two blocks down from here, on Hsinyi Road.
W: Great, thanks very much.
Q: Where does the woman want to go? (B)
(a) Sun-Yat-sen Memorial.
(b) Chiang Kaishek Memorial Hall.
(c) National Palace Museum.
6. M: Excuse me. Is there a post office near here?
W: Yes, there is one a block away from here, just across from the International Bank of China.
M: Oh, great. Thanks a lot.
W: Not at all.
Q: Which statement is true? (C)
(a) The man is looking for a bank.
(b) There’s no post office near here.
(c) The post office is across from the International Bank of China.
7. M: Excuse me. Could you tell me where the National Palace Museum is?
W: Yes, sure. It’s on Zhihshan Road in Shihlin district. Take the number304 bus from the city center and get off the bus terminus. You’ll see the museum nearby.
M: Fine. Thank you very much for your help.
W: You’re welcome.
Q: Where’s the National Palace Museum? (A)
(a) In Shihlin district.
(b) In the city center.
(c) Near the bus station.
8. Go through the Front Entrance Gate, turn left and walk past the aquarium. Keep to the right, and continue past the Nine-Cornered Bridge. Take the next path on your right, go past the Picnic Area and continue walking for a few more minutes. The place you want is on your right.
Q: When you walk toward the place you want, what scenery spots will you see? (A)
(a) Nine-Corned Bridge.
(b) Grand Hotel.
(c) Rowing Boat Area. 9. W: I think that’s everything. We should get home soon because John and Sally are coming over night, and it’s already six o’clock …Oh, no!
M: What’s the matter?
W: I’ve forgotten my purse! I left it in my other bag.
M: Don’t worry. I’ll pay by credit card.
Q: What happened to the woman? (B)
(a) She lost her purse.
(b) She left her purse in her other bag.
(c) She forgot her credit card.
10. W: What do you need for the picnic tomorrow?
M: Well, we need some hamburgers, but we have some hot dogs in the refrigerator.
W: Ok, how many do we need?
M: Eight should be enough.
W: Do we need some bread?
M: Yes, some buns for hamburgers and some rolls for hot dogs.
Q: Where are the woman and man? (C)
(a) In the convenient store.
(b) In the department store.
(c) In the supermarket.
11. W: How about vegetables for salad?
M: We have some onions and tomatoes, but we don’t have any lettuce, peppers or carrots.
Q: What vegetable do they need to buy? (A)
(a) Lettuce.
(b) Onion.
(c) Tomato.
12. A: Is it easy to make the salad?
B: Yes, it’s really simple. First, you chop up the chickens. Then boil the mushrooms. Next cook the onions. Finally, pour the sauce into a dish.
Q: How do they deal with the mushrooms? (B)
(a) Fry them.
(b) Boil them.
(c) Steam them.
13. M: What did you do on Sunday, Emma?
W: I repainted the living room. It took all day and I was covered in paint by the time I finished.
Q: What happened to the woman? (B)
(a) She fell into the paint.
(b) She was covered in paint.
(c) She broke her leg.
14. M: Did you see that program on TV last night?
W: No, I didn’t.
M: I told you to watch it yesterday.
W: I know, but I forgot. Did you record it on the VCR?
M: No, I didn’t have a spare tape.
W: Oh, that’s too bad.
Q: What did the man tell the woman to do? (C)
(a) To see a movie.
(b) To do homework.
(c) To watch a TV program.
15. M: What did you do last Sunday, Sandy?
W: I tried to teach my daughter how to swim. But I wasn’t very successful.
Q: What happened to the woman’s daughter? (C)
(a) She died.
(b) She cried loudly.
(c) She doesn’t know how to swim.
16. W: What kind of movie it is?
M: It looks like an action movie.
W: Oh, no. I can’t stand action movies.
M: Do you like thrillers?
W: No, I hate thrillers.
M: How about comedies?
W: I love comedies.
Q: What kind of movie does the woman like? (A)
(a) Comedies.
(b) Action movies.
(c) Thrillers.
Part III: Listening Comprehension. Listen to the following articles and dialogues carefully. Each article or dialogue will be read twice. Then mark each question by choosing A, B, or C to indicate your answer. (36%)
A. Moving
People around the world often move to different cities from where they were brought up. In America, for example, the average person moves every five years. Many times this is because of their job, as employment prospects differ from city to city. A bigger city may offer jobs in different fields.
Some people move in order to provide better opportunities for their children. They may choose to move form a big city to a small town, so their children can grow up in a safer, cleaner environment. Or they may choose to move to a city which has better educational program.
Of course, some people move simply for a change of scenery.
1. In America, how often does a person move? (C)
(a) Once every ten years.
(b) They seldom move.
(c) Once five years.
2. Which place may offer more jobs in different fields? (B)
(a) In other modern countries.
(b) In big cities.
(c) In small towns.
3. Why do people move form a big city to a small town? (B)
(a) They sell their houses in the big city.
(b) They want their children to grow up in a safer and cleaner environment.
(c) It’s quiet in small towns.
4. Why do some other people move to a city? (C)
(a) For a change of scenery.
(b) For a better job.
(c) For better educational program.
B: A Guided Tour
Judith: If you’re not doing anything tomorrow, we could go to the Central Park.
Katherine: That’s very kind of you, Judith. But it’s Saturday and I don’t want to take up your time.
Judith: It’s no trouble. I’d love to take you there.
Katherine: That would be wonderful. Are you sure you don’t mind?
Judith: Of course not! Let’s make a day of it. We can do some shopping in the morning, then go to Central Park in the afternoon. Oh, have you been to MOMA, yet?
Katherine: No, I haven’t. What is it?
Judith: It’s short for Museum of Modern Art. It’s fantastic. They have an amazing collection of pop art there, including Andy Warhol’s most famous paintings.
Katherine: I’d love to go there.
Judith: Ok, we’ll meet tomorrow morning and I can take you to Fifth Avenue. That’s where all the expensive, upscale boutiques are. We can do some window-shopping there, then go to SoHo. It’s also a shopping area, but it has small, unique shops. Do you like Italian food?
Katherine: Yes, very much.
Judith: Great! I know a lovely restaurant in Little Italy. We can go there for lunch, then take a walk in Central Park afterwards. Later on, we can take a cab to MOMA and maybe get some dinner after that. How does that sound?
Katherine: That sounds great.
Judith: I’ll meet you at your hotel at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning. Is that ok with you?
Katherine: Yes, that’s fine.
Judith: See you tomorrow, then.
Katherine: Yes, see you tomorrow.
1. What’s MOMA? (B)
(a) Master of Management and Administration.
(b) Museum of Modern Art.
(c) Museum of Middle Age.
2. What is in the Fifth Avenue? (A)
(a) Upscale boutiques.
(b) Unique shops.
(c) Pop art.
3. When will they go to Central Park? (C)
(a) After they visit MOMA.
(b) After dinner.
(c) After lunch.
4. How will they go to MOMA? (B)
(a) On foot.
(b) Take a cab.
(c) Drive a car.
5. When will they meet each other? (C)
(a) 11 o’clock at MOMA.
(b) 9 o’clock in SoHo.
(c) 10 o’clock in hotel.
C: Planning A Surprise Birthday Party.
Henry: All right, well the first thing we need to decide is who is going to get the birthday cake.
Tom: That’s no problem. My father’s a baker, so I’ll ask him to bake a special chocolate one for Martin’s birthday. I know that Martin loves chocolate.
Henry: So do I! Good, so Tom’s going to take care of the cake. Now, what food shall we have?
Kirsty: I don’t mind making some sandwiches.
Henry: Fine. Thanks, Kirsty. Now, let’s see, there will be about eight of us altogether, so if you could make 12 sandwiches, that should be enough.
Kirtsy: Sure. 12 it is.
Peter: And I’ll buy some cookies and chips.
Henry: Great. Thanks, Peter.
Peter: I’ll get some different kinds. Do you think three boxes of cookies and five bags of chips are enough?
Henry: Yes, that should be plenty. Now what do you want to get, Julie?
Julie: I’ll buy some pies, you know, a couple of big apple pies. And I’ll get some ice cream as well. I think three quarts should be enough.
Henry: Great. Thanks, Julie. Now we need some drinks. Monica, could you take care of the drinks?
Monica: Sure. I’ll get some cans of Coca-Cola, some bottles of lemonade and some cartons of orange juice. How many do we need?
Henry: Maybe 24 cans of Coke and, uh, six bottles of lemonade. And maybe four cartons of orange juice.
Monica: Sure. I’ll get them later this afternoon.
Henry: So that just leaves me now…
Tom: Why don’t you get some paper cups and plates?
Henry: Good idea. And I’ll pick up some plastic forks and spoons as well. I’ll get 10 of everything, just in case.
1. Whose birthday are they planning? (A)
(a) Martin’s.
(b) Henry’s.
(c) Julie’s.
2. What kind of cake will they buy? (C)
(a) Cheese cake.
(b) Apple pie.
(c) Chocolate cake.
3. Who will be responsible for the sandwiches? (B)
(a) Henry.
(b) Kirtsy.
(c) Monica.
4. What kind of drink will not appear in the birthday party? (B)
(a) Orange juice.
(b) Beer.
(c) Coca-Cola.
5. How many paper cups and plates will Henry buy? (C)
(a) 8 pairs.
(b) Enough for 12 people.
(c) 10 of everything.
D: Planning the Weekend.
Steve: Have you decided what you want to do this Saturday?
Jenny: Yes, how about going to the beach? I love going to the beach and I think it’ll be a fine day tomorrow.
Steve: No, I hate the beach, especially on the weekends. It gets so crowded.
Jenny: Yes, that’s true.
Steve: Why don’t we go out to the country instead? I always enjoy getting out of the city and breathing in all that fresh country air.
Jenny: Ok. I like going to the country, too. Perhaps we could go hiking there.
Steve: Hiking?...Yes, or how about cycling? You used to love cycling when you were younger, and I don’t mind cycling if you want to.
Jenny: I don’t like cycling much anymore. I’d prefer to go hiking. And later in the evening, when we get back to the city, we could go to the Japanese restaurant just around the corner form your place.
Steve: Umm. No. I don’t really like Japanese food. But there is a nice Spanish restaurant near the Japanese one.
Jenny: Mmm. Spanish. Sounds good to me. I love Spanish omelets.
Steve: Mmm. Me too.
1. Why don’t they go to the beach? (B)
(a) It’s too hot.
(b) It’s too crowded.
(c) It’s too dirty.
2. Why do they want to go to the country? (A)
(a) Because the air is fresh there.
(b) Because there are fewer people there.
(c) Because there’s a Japanese food restaurant there.
3. What will they do in the country? (B)
(a) Go mountain climbing.
(b) Go hiking.
(c) Go cycling.
4. Where will they eat their dinner? (C)
(a) In a Chinese restaurant.
(b) In a Japanese restaurant.
(c) In a Spanish restaurant.
Appendix D
Listening Comprehension Test (Post-test)
Part I: Dialogue Completion. Each of the dialogues below has an unfinished line. From among the three choices given, A, B, or C, select the most appropriate one to complete the dialogue. (32%)
1. Does your apartment have a good view? (B)
(a) It’s from the living room window.
(b) No, unfortunately it doesn’t.
(c) It’s near the park.
2. Where do you live? (A)
(a) On West Street.
(b) I live with my cousin.
(c) Two weeks ago.
3. How do you spell your first name? (C)
(a) Sorry, I’m busy right now.
(b) It’s Woody Allen.
(c) It’s S-A-N-D-R-A.
4. What’s your telephone number? (A)
(a) It’s 398 7588.
(b) It’s on December 15th.
(c) I don’t know.
5. Could you tell me where the Peace Park is? (B)
(a) You can visit the museum there.
(b) I’m sorry. I don’t know this area very well.
(c) There’s a park near here.
6. Is there a post office near here? (C)
(a) I know there’s a bank near here.
(b) Do you want to mail a letter?
(c) Yes, there’s one just around the corner, next to the Macdonald’s.
7. How do you get to the National Museum from the rail station? (C)
(a) There are art exhibitions in the National Museum.
(b) Where is the National Museum?
(c) Well, you walk to the end of this street. Then your turn right.
8. I’m sorry I don’t know where the Japanese restaurant is. (A)
(a) Oh, never mind. Thanks anyway.
(b) Great, thanks a lot.
(c) All right, you can leave. 9. Do we need to buy any drinks? (B)
(a) We also need some orange juice.
(b) No, we have enough.
(c) How about hamburgers?
10. How much ice cream do we need for the birthday party tonight? (B)
(a) Two may be plenty.
(b) One quart should be enough.
(c) No, it’s not necessary.
11. This is a really good barbecue, John! The chicken and rice salad tastes great. (A)
(a) Thanks, Peter.
(b) I think so.
(c) Do you really like it?
12. How do you make the chicken and rice salad? (C)
(a) Well, Tina made that, not me.
(b) There’re a lot of things you need to do.
(c) It’s really simple. You steam the rice, chop and fry the ingredients, then pour the source into a dish.
13. What did you do on the weekend? (B)
(a) So so.
(b) I went windsurfing.
(c) Yes, it was good. How about you?
14. How do you feel about talking through computers on internet? (C)
(a) I don’t really know.
(b) I’ve never done it.
(c) I think it’s cool.
15. Do you want to go to the movies tonight? (A)
(a) Yes, sure. What’s playing?
(b) I don’t like Thai food.
(c) I like comedies.
16. Where did you go windsurfing? (B)
(a) Yes, it was fun.
(b) Out of Lake Tahoe.
(c) I don’t like windsurfing.
Part II: Dialogue Question. Each of the dialogues below is followed by a question with three answers. Choose A. B, or C to indicate your answer to each question. (32%)
1. M: How many rooms are there?
W: There’s a living room, a bedroom, a kitchen and a bathroom.
M: Sounds nice. Does it have a yard?
W: Yes, it does.
Q: How many rooms do the house have? (B)
(a) Five.
(b) Four.
(c) Three.
2. M: It’s quite small, but it’s comfortable.
W: But I think I need some more furniture.
M: How about second hand furniture?
W: That’s a good idea.
Q: What does the man want to buy? (B)
(a) Car.
(b) Furniture.
(c) Computer.
3. W: Does it have a good view?
M: Well, I can see the sea from my bedroom window.
W: That’s good!
M: But I have a great view of my neighbor’s apartment from the living room .
Q: What can the man see from his bedroom window? (A)
(a) The sea.
(b) His neighbor’s apartment.
(c) A market.
4. My family live in a big house in the country. Rents are much cheaper here than in the city, and that’s why we can afford such a big house.
Q: Why does the woman live in the country? (C)
(a) It’s quiet there.
(b) She works in the country.
(c) Rents are cheaper.
5. W: I’m looking for the Presidential Building. Do you know where it is?
M: Yes. It’s about two blocks down from here, on Chungching South Road.
W: Great, thanks for your help.
Q: Where does the woman want to go? (B)
(a) National Palace Museum.
(b) Presidential Building.
(c) Chiang Kaishek Memorial Hall.
6. M: Excuse me. Is there a bank near here?
W: Yes, there is one a block away from here, just across from the 7-11.
M: Oh, great. Thanks a lot.
W: Not at all.
Q: Which statement is true? (C)
(a) The man is looking for a convenient store.
(b) There’s no bank near here.
(c) The bank is across from the 7-11.
7. M: Excuse me. Could you tell me where the City College is?
W: Yes, sure. It’s on Baker Street. Take the number52 bus from the city center and get off the bus terminus. You’ll see City College nearby.
M: Fine. Thank you very much for your help.
W: You’re welcome.
Q: Where’s the City College? (A)
(a) on Baker Street.
(b) In the city center.
(c) Near the bus station.
8. Come through the Rear Entrance Gate and turn right. Walk past the Chunghsing pagoda, which is on your left. The place you want is just past the pagoda, opposite the Horse Riding Area.
Q: When you walk toward the place you want, what scenery spots will you see? (A)
(a) Horse Riding Area.
(b) Grand Hotel.
(c) Rowing Boat Area. 9. W: All right, the first thing we need to decide is who is going to get the birthday cake.
M: That’s no problem. My father’s a baker, so I’ll ask him to bake a special chocolate one for Martin’s birthday. I know that Martin loves chocolate.
W: So do I! Good, so Tom’s going to take care of the cake.
Q: How will the man get the birthday cake? (B)
(a) By credit card.
(b) He’ll ask his father to bake one.
(c) In a famous bakery.
10. W: What do you need for the picnic tomorrow?
M: Well, we need some hamburgers and hot dogs.
W: Ok, how many do we need?
M: Four of each should be enough.
W: Do we need some bread?
M: Yes, some buns for hamburgers and some rolls for hot dogs.
Q: What kind of bread will they buy? (C)
(a) Buns.
(b) Rolls.
(c) Both are right.
11. W: How about vegetables for sandwich?
M: We have some onions and tomatoes, but we don’t have any lettuce.
Q: What vegetable do they need to buy? (A)
(a) Lettuce.
(b) Onion.
(c) Tomato.
12. A: Is it easy to make the salad?
B: Yes, it’s really simple. First, you fry the chicken. Then boil the mushrooms. Next cook the onions. Finally, pour the sauce into a dish.
Q: How do they deal with the chicken? (B)
(a) Boil it.
(b) Fry it.
(c) Steam it.
13. What did you do on Sunday, Sandy?
W: I tried to teach my daughter how to swim. But I wasn’t very successful.
Q: What did the woman do last Sunday? (B)
(a) She learned how to swim.
(b) She taught her daughter how to swim.
(c) She went swimming at the beach.
14. M: Did you see that program on TV last night?
W: No, I didn’t.
M: I told you to watch it yesterday.
W: I know, but I forgot. Did you record it on the VCR?
M: No, I didn’t have a spare tape.
W: Oh, that’s too bad.
Q: What did the man tell the woman to do? (C)
(a) To see a movie.
(b) To do homework.
(c) To watch a TV program.
15. M: What did you do last Sunday, Emma?
W: I took my dog for a long walk in the countryside.
Q: Where did the woman go? (C)
(a) A park.
(b) A school.
(c) Countryside.
16. W: Have you decided what you want to do this Saturday, Steve?
M: Yes, how about going to the beach?
W: Oh, no. I hate the beach, especially on weekends. It gets so crowded.
M: Yes, that’s true.
Q: Why does the woman dislike going to the beach? (A)
(a) Because it’s so crowded on weekends.
(b) Because she can’t swim.
(c) Because it’s too hot.
Part III: Listening Comprehension. Listen to the following articles and dialogues carefully. Each article or dialogue will be read twice. Then mark each question by choosing A, B, or C to indicate your answer. (36%)
A. Looking for an apartment
W: How can I help you?
M: We’re looking for a two-bedroom apartment downtown.
W: Hmm. A two-bedroom apartment downtown. I think I have just what you’re looking for.
M: Oh, good. Where is it?
W: It’s on Dixon Street.
M: What kind of neighborhood is it?
W: I think you’ll like the neighborhood. It’s very safe.
M: That sounds good. What can you tell us about the apartment?
W: Well, you’ll love the kitchen! It has a brand new refrigerator. And believe me, you don’t find many two-bedroom apartments downtown with brand new refrigerators!
M: Hmm. Another question. Are dogs allowed in the building?
W: Dogs? Yes, I believe they are.
M: How much is the rent?
W: $800 a month.
M: Does that include utilities?
W: Everything except gas. Would you like to see the apartment?
M: Yes, I think so.
1. What kind of apartment is the man looking for? (C)
(a) One-bedroom apartment in the country.
(b) One-bedroom apartment downtown.
(c) Two-bedroom apartment downtown.
2. What will be in the apartment? (B)
(a) A new sofa.
(b) A new refrigerator.
(c) A new TV.
3. How much is the rent? (B)
(a) $600 a month.
(b) $800 a month.
(c) $700 a month.
4. What utilities will be included? (C)
(a) Gas.
(b) Everything.
(c) Everything except gas.
B: Asking for directions.
M: Excuse me. Can you tell me how to get to the City Hall?
W: Yes. Go to the next corner and turn left onto Center Street. Walk three blocks to Second Avenue and turn right. Walk two more blocks, and you’ll see City Hall on the left.
M: I’m sorry. I didn’t follow you. Could you please repeat that?
W: Okay. First, go to the next corner and turn left onto Center Street.
M: Uh-huh.
W: Then walk three blocks to Second Avenue and turn right. Are you with me so far?
M: Yes. I’m following you.
W: Then walk two more blocks, and you’ll see City Hall on the left. Have you got all that?
M: Yes. Now I’ve got it. Thanks very much.
1. Where did the man want to go? (B)
(a) City College.
(b) City Hall.
(c) Presidential Building.
2. How did the woman help the man? (A)
(a) Gave him directions.
(b) Asked the man to follow her.
(c) Helped him to take a bus.
3. Which street is mentioned in the dialog ? (C)
(a) Peel Street.
(b) Second Street.
(c) Center Street.
4. How will the man go to the place? (B)
(a) Take a cab.
(b) On foot.
(c) Drive a car. D: Asking someone out on a date.
Joe: Hi, Kelly! How are things?
Kelly: Hi, Joe. Things are good. How about you?
Joe: I’m fine. Say, I was wondering if you were free on this Saturday. A friend of mine is having a costume party. I’d love it if you could come.
Kelly: That sounds great, Joe, but I already have plans. It’s a friend’s birthday and we’re going out for dinner.
Joe: Are you sure? I thinks it’s going to be a great party, I’m going to go dressed as a banana and …
Kelly: No, really, I can’t. Sorry.
Joe: Well, how about next Tuesday? Big Blue Nothing are playing on campus that night. You really like the band, don’t you?
Kelly: Yes, they’re one of my favorites. But I have an English test on Wednesday morning and I don’t want to stay out late the night before.
Joe: But you might not get a chance to see them again. You should take the opportunity when it arises, you know.
Kelly: I know, but I didn’t do very well on my last test, so I really have to study hard and get a good grade this time. Thanks, but I’m going to have to say no. Maybe next time.
Joe: You study all time! You should take a break. I have two tickets for Under the Sun. It’s supposed to be a great movie and …
Kelly: Oh, that’s very thoughtful of you, Joe! I’ve really wanted to see that movie. I’ve heard it’s really good. And my roommate wants to see it, too. Now I can take her. Thanks a lot.
1. What does Joe invite Kelly to first? (B)
(a) A birthday party.
(b) A costume party.
(c) A concert.
2. Why can’t Kelly go to the party? (A)
(a) Because she will eat dinner with her friend.
(b) Because she has class.
(c) Because she wants to study at home.
3. What does Joe ask Kelly to go the second time? (B)
(a) To see a movie.
(b) To see a band.
(c) To sing songs.
4. What reason does Kelly give for refusing his invitation? (C)
(a) She is busy.
(b) She needs to go to the library.
(c) She has an English test the next day.
5. What movie does Joe have tickets for? (C)
(a) New Harrison Ford movie.
(b) New Woody Allen movie.
(c) Under the Sun.
Appendix E
Listening Comprehension Test (Follow-up Test)
Part I: Dialogue Completion. Each of the dialogues below has an unfinished line. From among the three choices given, A, B, or C, select the most appropriate one to complete the dialogue. (32%)
1. Where do you live? (A)
(a) On Garden Road.
(b) I live with my parents.
(c) One month ago.
2. Does your apartment have a good view? (B)
(a) It’s near my school.
(b) No, I see my neighbor’s apartment from my living room.
(c) It’s very expensive.
3. When did you move to the new apartment? (C)
(a) I found it by myself.
(b) My classmate helped me.
(c) Two weeks ago.
4. What’s her telephone number? (A)
(a) It’s 861-5534.
(b) It’s on March 15th.
(c) It’s a secret.
5. Could you tell me where the Presidential Building is? (B)
(a) You can’s visit it.
(b) I’m sorry. I don’t know this area very well.
(c) The theater is near here.
6. Is there a flower shop near here? (C)
(a) I know there’s a coffee shop near here.
(b) Do you want to buy flowers ?
(c) Yes, there’s one just around the corner, next to the 7-11.
7. How do you get to the Sun Yatsen Memorial from the rail station? (C)
(a) There are art exhibitions in the Sun Yatsen Memorial.
(b) Where is the Sun Yatsen Memorial?
(c) Well, you can take the MRT.
8. I’m sorry I don’t know where the book store is. (A)
(a) Oh, never mind. Thanks anyway.
(b) Great, thanks for your help.
(c) I want to buy some books. 9. Do we need to buy any fruit? (B)
(a) We need some apple juice.
(b) No, we have enough.
(c) How about vegetables?
10. How much orange juice do we need for the birthday party tonight? (B)
(a) Three may be plenty.
(b) Three gallons should be enough.
(c) No, it’s not necessary.
11. How much should I pay for the food? (A)
(a) That’ll be 22.50.
(b) I don’t have money.
(c) Will you buy it?
12. How do you make the egg fried rice? (C)
(a) Well, my mom made that, not me.
(b) There’re a lot of things you need to do.
(c) It’s really simple. You steam the rice, beat an egg, then mix them together.
13. What did you do on the weekend? (B)
(a) Not bad.
(b) I went mountain climbing.
(c) Yes, it was good. How about you?
14. How often do you talk through computers on internet? (C)
(a) I like to talk through computers on internet.
(b) I’ve never done it.
(c) Twice a week.
15. How do you feel about jazz music? (A)
(a) I love it!
(b) I don’t like classical music.
(c) I like comedies.
16. Do you want to go to the movies tonight? (B)
(a) Yes, it was fun.
(b) Yes, sure. What’s playing?
(c) I don’t like Japanese food.
Part II: Dialogue Question. Each of the dialogues below is followed by a question with three answers. Choose A. B, or C to indicate your answer to each question. (32%)
1. M: Tom moved into the new apartment two days ago.
W: Great! Where’s it?
M: On Harbor Street.
Q: When did Tom move into the new apartment? (B)
(a) It’s a new apartment.
(b) Two days ago.
(c) It has a yard.
2. M: It’s quite small, but it’s comfortable.
W: Yes, I can also see a park from my bed room window.
M: That’s good!
Q: What can the woman see from her bed room window? (B)
(a) A garden.
(b) A park.
(c) A school.
3. W: You need some more furniture.
M: Yes, I know. But where can I buy it?
W: One of my friends is selling furniture.
M: What’s his name and telephone number?
W: Peter Anderson, 398-7566 .
Q: Which statement is true? (A)
(a) The man wants to buy some furniture.
(b) The man’s friend is Peter Anderson.
(c) The woman doesn’t like her friend.
4. Every morning I wake up to the sound of the sea. My house is on a cliff, just above the beach. It’s very quite and peaceful.
Q: Where does the woman live? (C)
(a) It’s quiet there.
(b) She works in the country.
(c) She lives near the sea.
5. W: I’m looking for a post office. Do you know where one is?
M: Yes, I do . You go straight down this road, then you take the first turn on your left. You can see it.
W: Great, thanks for your help.
Q: Where does the woman want to go? (B)
(a) A bank.
(b) A post office.
(c) Bus station.
6. M: Excuse me. Is there a book store near here?
W: Yes, there is one a block away from here, just across from the bank.
M: Oh, great. Thanks a lot.
W: Not at all.
Q: Which statement is true? (C)
(a) The man is looking for a convenient store.
(b) There’s no book store near here.
(c) The book store is across from the bank.
7. M: Excuse me. Could you tell me where the National Museum is?
W: Yes, sure. It’s on Kennedy Street. Take the number235 bus from the city center and get off the bus terminus. You’ll see the National Museum nearby.
M: Fine. Thank you very much for your help.
W: You’re welcome.
Q: Where’s the National Museum? (A)
(a) on Kennedy Street.
(b) In the city center.
(c) Near the train station.
8. Come through the Rear Entrance Gate and turn right. Walk past the Chunghsing pagoda, which is on your left. The place you want is just past the pagoda, opposite the Horse Riding Area.
Q: When you walk toward the place you want, what scenery spots will not appear? (A)
(a) Rowing Boat Area.
(b) Horse Riding Area.
(c) Rear Entrance Gate. 9. W: Do you think three boxes of cookies and five bags of chips are enough?
M: Yes, that should be plenty.
W: We also need some cans of Coca-Cola.
M: Maybe 24 cans of Coca-Cola.
Q: How many boxes of cookies will they buy? (B)
(a) By credit card.
(b) Three.
(c) 24.
10. W: What do we need for the dinner tonight?
M: Well, we need some vegetables.
W: We have onions and tomatoes, but we don’t have lettuce, peppers or carrots.
Q: What kind of vegetable will they buy? (C)
(a) Tomatoes.
(b) Onions.
(c) Carrots.
11. W: How much are five red apples?
M: It’s 2.20.
W: They’re 20 cents cheaper here.
Q: How much are five red apples? (A)
(a) 2.20.
(b) 20 cents.
(c) 2 dollars.
12. A: Is it easy to make the salad?
B: Yes, it’s really simple. First, you fry the chicken. Then boil the mushrooms. Next cook the onions. Finally, pour the sauce into a dish.
Q: How do they deal with the mushroom? (B)
(a) Fry them.
(b) Boil them.
(c) Steam them.
13. M: What did you do on Saturday, Sandy?
W: I played tennis with my friend, Tom.
Q: What did the woman do last Saturday? (B)
(a) She learned how to swim.
(b) She played tennis with her friend, Tom.
(c) She taught her friend how to swim.
14. M: Did you see that program on TV last night?
W: No, I didn’t.
M: I told you to watch it yesterday.
W: I know, but I forgot. Did you record it on the VCR?
M: No, I didn’t have a spare tape.
W: Oh, that’s too bad.
Q: Why didn’t the woman watch the program? (C)
(a) The man didn’t tell her.
(b) She needed to do homework.
(c) She forgot.
15. M: What did you do last Sunday, Emma?
W: I repainted the living room. It took all day and I was covered in paint by the time I finished.
Q: What did the woman do? (C)
(a) Played with her dog.
(b) Cooked lunch.
(c) Repainted the living room.
16. I was busy last Sunday. First, I got up early and fed my dogs. Then I took a bus downtown and picked up my computer from the computer repair shop. Afterward, I met a friend for lunch at a burger bar. After that, we went for a walk in the nearby park.
Q: What did the man do last Sunday? (C)
(a) Fed dogs.
(b) Took a walk in the park.
(c) Both are right.
Part III: Listening Comprehension. Listen to the following articles and dialogues carefully. Each article or dialogue will be read twice. Then mark each question by choosing A, B, or C to indicate your answer. (36%)
A. Moving.
W: So tell me about yourself, Philip?
M: Well, I was born in San Francisco.
W: Oh, so you’re a local.
M: Kind of, May parent moved to Berkeley when I was seven, then to Portland when I was ten and finally to Seattle.
W: When did you move to Seattle?
M: When I was 14 years old. So I went to elementary school in Berkeley, junior high school in Portland and high school in Seattle. After that, I started going to a community college there, but I decided it wasn’t for me.
W: What did you do then?
M: I came back here to study Computer Science at University of San Francisco.
W: You’ve moved around a lot, haven’t you?
M: Yes, but I wished we hadn’t. I was always the new kid in town, so it was difficult to make friends. We always moved just as I was starting to get to know people.
W: That must have been hard on you. Why did your family move around so much?
M: It was mainly because of my father’s job. He’s a college professor, and we moved whenever he’d get a new job.
W: Do you think you’ll stay in San Francisco long?
M: Yes, I’d like to set up my own company when I graduate.
W: Good luck with that!
M: Thank you!
1. Where was Philip born? (C)
(a) In Portland.
(b) In Seattle.
(c) In San Francisco.
2. When did Philip move to Seattle? (B)
(a) When he was 10.
(b) When he was 14.
(c) When he was 18.
3. Why did Philip’s family move so often? (B)
(a) They liked to live in different places.
(b) They moved whenever his father had got a new job.
(c) To studied in a better school.
4. What does Philip’s father do? (C)
(a) An engineer.
(b) A doctor.
(c) A professor.
5. What does Philip want to do after he graduate? (A)
(a) To set up his own company.
(b) To study computer science.
(c) To move to another city.
B: Asking for directions.
M: Excuse me. I’m looking for the National Museum. Can you tell me how to get there?
W: Yes, sure. Go down this Street and turn right onto Walker Avenue. Then walk two blocks until you reach Kennedy Street. Turn left at the corner of Kennedy and Walker, then walk for another two block
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