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研究生:吳蕙怡
研究生(外文):Huei-Yi Wu
論文名稱:利用網路教學平台之同步討論功能─探討群組特質與群組大小對合作學習成效之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impacts of Group Characteristics and Size on Collaborative Learning under the Synchronous Discussion of a Distance Learning System
指導教授:吳錦波吳錦波引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiin-Po Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:遠距教學同步互動合作學習群組特質群組大小
外文關鍵詞:Distance LearningSynchronous InteractionCooperative LearningGroup CharacteristicGroup Size
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隨著資訊技術發展成熟,網際網路應用普及,使得迅速累積的知識,能夠借助科技之力快速地傳遞到世界各地,而正蓬勃發展的遠距教學就是利用這個優勢,解決了傳統課堂學習上時間與空間受限制的問題。但進一步卻也發現在解決學習時空問題的背後,因為學習者身處在不同的地域空間中,造成學習者因無法直接與同儕互動而失去互相切磋課業與學習的機會。因此,本研究站在群組合作學習理論的基點出發,將學習者分成數個群組,藉由觀察遠距教學環境中,群組團隊參與同步討論的情形,期望能從中了解合作學習群組在這樣的互動方式下,其表現的學習行為與獲得的學習成效,並進一步找出影響群組合作學習過程及成效差異的因素,作為提供遠距教學在合作學習及相關任務分派上的參考依據。故本研究以淡江大學遠距教學平台(IDEA)中的同步討論區為實驗環境,透過實地觀察法與問卷填答輔助,分別探討在決策與智力兩種類型任務之下,不同群組特質及群組大小對合作學習過程及學習成效的影響。結果發現在決策型任務下,群組大小不會造成群組討論過程表現的差異,群組特質則會,三種特質的組別在參與學習過程程度上,依序是純外向組、純內向組、內外向混合組,但在智力型任務下,群組大小反而成為影響群組討論過程的主要因素,小群組有高於大群組的參與學習度,而群組特質的影響力則變得不明顯;另外,在決策型任務和智力型任務之下,群組大小會顯著影響群組學習成績,而群組特質則是影響群組滿意度的主要因素,三種特質的群組在滿意度的高低上,依序是純外向組、內外向混合組、純內向組。最後,在決策型任務下,群組討論過程會顯著影響群組學習滿意度,但無顯著影響群組決策結果滿意度;而在智力型任務下,群組討論過程的影響力則反之。
As the maturity of information technology development and the proliferation of Internet applications, accumulated knowledge with the help of those technologies can be quickly distributed all over the world. Distance learning, already at its prosperous stage, utilizes these technology trends to unlash the limitation of time and space in traditional classroom. Meanwhile, it brings about the problem of deficiency in interacting and exchanging views with their peers. Thus, the objective of this research, by observing the interaction among group members, is to investigate the process and the effectiveness of cooperative learning under synchronous discussion in a distance- learning platform. It also aims at finding how variables have impacts on the effectiveness of cooperative learning. The outcome can be a reference for using Web-enabled technology to support cooperative learning and the assigned tasks under distance-learning environment in the future. This study is conducted in distance learning platform of TKU using observations and supplementary survey instrument to investigate the influence of group characteristic and size on cooperative learning given different types of tasks. The research results show that the group characteristic is significantly related to participative process of a group under a decision-making task. The highest degree of participative process is the extrovert group、then the introvert group、and finally the mixed group. But under an intellective task, group size becomes a decisive variable. The small group is more participative in the process than the larger group. Moreover, group size is significantly related to academic record of a group and group characteristics is significantly related to group satisfaction of cooperative learning under the decision-making and intellective task. The extrovert group are more satisfied that the mixed group and the introvert group. Finally, the participative process of a group is significantly related to group learning satisfaction, but not group decision satisfaction under the decision-making task. But the participative process of a group is reversed under the intellective task.
目 錄
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
本文目錄 Ⅲ
表目錄 Ⅳ
圖目錄 Ⅵ
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 3
第三節 研究範圍 4
第四節 預期貢獻 5
第五節 研究流程 5
第六節 論文結構 6
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 遠距教學 7
第二節 合作學習 14
第三節 遠距教學中的互動 23
第四節 遠距教學中影響群體行為的因素 31
第三章 研究方法 40
第一節 研究架構 40
第二節 研究假設 41
第三節 變數定義與操作 44
第四節 研究對象 47
第五節 研究方法與設計 48
第四章 資料分析結果與討論 56
第一節 信度及效度分析 56
第二節 假設檢定 58
第三節 綜合研究結果提出發現 69
第五章 結論與建議 75
第一節 研究結論 75
第二節 研究限制 79
第三節 未來研究方向 80
參考文獻 81
中文部分 81
英文部分 83
附錄一:實驗之任務內容 89
附錄一:實驗之問卷內容 94
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